La Pine, Oregon

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La Pine, Oregon
La Pine City Hall
La Pine City Hall
Location of La Pine, Oregon
Location of La Pine, Oregon
Coordinates: 43°43′9″N 121°31′41″W / 43.71917°N 121.52806°W / 43.71917; -121.52806Coordinates: 43°43′9″N 121°31′41″W / 43.71917°N 121.52806°W / 43.71917; -121.52806
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyDeschutes
Government
 • MayorDaniel Lee Richer
Area
 • Total6.98 sq mi (18.09 km2)
 • Land6.98 sq mi (18.09 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
4,236 ft (1,291 m)
Population
 • Total1,653
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
1,929
 • Density276.20/sq mi (106.64/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
97739
Area code(s)541
FIPS code41-41050[2]
GNIS feature ID1144724[4]
Websitewww.lapineoregon.gov
View of the Cascades near La Pine

La Pine is a city in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States, incorporated on December 7, 2006.[5]

La Pine is part of the Bend, Oregon Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,653 at the 2010 census. La Pine is in an isolated area of Central Oregon, consisting of a loose collection of homes and businesses along U.S. Highway 97 about 30 miles (48 km) southwest of Bend. Several peaks of the Cascade Range are prominently visible from the community.

La Pine is in the valley of the Little Deschutes River, a tributary of the Deschutes River. The river provides recreational opportunities such as fishing, swimming, canoeing and other leisure activities.

History[edit]

The area was first settled by European-Americans in the 1800s by French fur trappers.[6] La Pine was founded in the 19th century with Huntington Road as the main street. The original name for the community was Rosland.[7] A post office by that name was started in 1897, followed by a townsite in 1900.[8] Construction on the Oregon Trunk Railroad started in 1908 by the Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway at the Columbia River.[9] The route was designed to follow the Deschutes River, and the line later became part of BNSF Railway.[9] The line was built to Bend, with the railroad later buying a line owned by the Shevlin-Hixon Lumber Company that continued to La Pine.[10] What became U.S. 97 was completed in 1917, which used the right of way of the Oregon Trunk Line that had not been built south of Bend.[8]

In 2000, a branch of the Deschutes Public Library was built in the community.[11] La Pine had remained an unincorporated community for many years. A measure to incorporate in the 2000 elections was rejected by a 2–1 ratio.[12] In the elections of 2006, another incorporation measure was placed on the ballot (one of two such measures in Oregon that year; the other being for Bull Mountain, Oregon). The La Pine measure passed, creating the City of La Pine. The city occupies 7 square miles (18 km2), and at the time of incorporation in December 2006, had 1,585 residents.[13] Much of the former census-designated area lies outside the city limits.[14]

Government[edit]

The city operates under a council–mayor form of city government. Voters elect four at-large councilors who serve four-year terms, and a mayor that serves two-years.[15] As of 2021, Daniel Richer served as mayor, with the other council members being Colleen Scott, Courtney Ignazzitto, Mike Shields, and Cathi Van Damme.[16] Fire services are provided by the La Pine Rural Fire Protection District, and the La Pine Library is a branch of the Deschutes Public Library System.[11]

At the federal level, La Pine lies in Oregon's 2nd congressional district, represented by Cliff Bentz.[17] In the State Senate, the city is in District 28, represented by Dennis Linthicum,[18] and in the House, it lies in District 55, represented by Vikki Breese-Iverson.[19][20]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.98 square miles (18.08 km2), all of it land.[21]

Transportation[edit]

The main road in the city is U.S. Route 97, which runs north-south through the entire city. Oregon Route 31's northern terminus is approximately one-mile south of the city limits. A rail line of Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway also runs through La Pine, parallel to U.S. 97.[22]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
20101,653
2019 (est.)1,929[3]16.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[23]

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census, there were 1,653 people in 698 households, including 412 families, in the city. The population density was 236.8 inhabitants per square mile (91.4/km2). There were 942 housing units at an average density of 135.0 per square mile (52.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.5% White, 0.2% African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.8% of the population.[2]

Of the 698 households 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.0% were non-families. 31.2% of households were one person and 15.5% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.87.[2]

The median age was 43.6 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.7% were from 25 to 44; 30.4% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.[2]

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census, there were 5,799 people, 2,331 households, and 1,699 families in the CDP. The population density was 197.7 people per square mile (76.3/km2). There were 2,975 housing units at an average density of 101.4 per square mile (39.2/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.84% White, 0.09% African American, 1.28% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 1.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.22% of the population.[2]

Of the 2,331 households 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 20.8% of households were one person and 10.3% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.82.[2]

The age distribution was 23.0% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% 65 or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.[2]

The median household income was $29,859 and the median family income was $33,938. Males had a median income of $30,457 versus $20,186 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $15,543. About 9.5% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.[2]

Education[edit]

La Pine schools, such as La Pine Senior High School, are part of the Bend-La Pine School District.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ Population Estimates Boundary Changes Archived 2006-02-06 at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau, 2007-07-01. Accessed 2008-11-06.
  6. ^ "About La Pine | City of La Pine Oregon". www.lapineoregon.gov. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  7. ^ Burns, Bonnie (May 2016). "Historic Photos from Rosland a.k.a. La Pine, Oregon" (PDF). The Homesteader. 42 (5): 2. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  8. ^ a b Metcalf, Robert (February 2, 2017). A Historical Look At La Pine Oregon. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  9. ^ a b McCamish, Brian. "Oregon Trunk Railroad". www.brian894x4.com. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  10. ^ "BNSF and Predecessors". High Desert Rails- Burlington Northern Santa Fe and Predecessors. www.trainweb.org. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  11. ^ a b "La Pine Library". Deschutes Public Library. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  12. ^ "La Pine: Incorporation measure is headed to passage", The Oregonian, November 5, 2006, pg. A4.
  13. ^ Population Research Center. Portland State University. Retrieved October 5, 2007.
  14. ^ http://www.kgw.com/sharedcontent/APStories/stories/D8L9EVDO0.html[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ "Governing Structure | City of La Pine Oregon". www.lapineoregon.gov. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  16. ^ "City Council Home | City of La Pine Oregon". www.lapineoregon.gov. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  17. ^ "Our District". Representative Cliff Bentz. 3 January 2021. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  18. ^ "Senator Dennis Linthicum Home Page". www.oregonlegislature.gov. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  19. ^ "Representative Vikki Breese Iverson Home Page". www.oregonlegislature.gov. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  20. ^ "House Districts". Oregon Secretary of State. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  21. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  22. ^ Glucklich, Elon (Feb 18, 2014). "La Pine highway project in the works". The Bulletin. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  23. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  24. ^ Bend-La Pine School District

External links[edit]