|Labdhi R. Bhandari|
Labdhi Bhandari at IIM Ahmedabad in 1977.
29 July 1948|
Khimel, Rajasthan, India
|Died||19 October 1988(aged 40)|
|Alma mater||IIM Ahmedabad, Columbia Business School|
|Known for||Marketing Strategy, Social Marketing, General Management|
Labdhi Bhandari (29 July 1948 – 19 October 1988) was the State Trading Corporation of India Professor of Marketing at the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad and a widely respected authority on marketing in India.
Early life and education
Bhandari was born in 1948 in the village of Khimel, near Rani, Rajasthan, to Akal Kanwar Bhandari and her husband, Dhanpati Raj Bhandari, a successful lawyer in Sojat and a member of the Indian National Congress. He grew up in Sojat where he was initially home schooled and then attended a local Hindi-medium government school. At the age of 14, he moved to Jodhpur for his undergraduate studies at the University of Jodhpur, taking a bachelor's degree in economics in 1965. He then applied and was admitted to the second batch of the new Post-graduate Programme in Management offered by the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, where he was the youngest student at the age of 17. He was awarded the National Merit Scholarship in both the years and took his diploma with the 5th rank in 1967.
Bhandari was recruited straight out of IIM Ahmedabad by Hindustan Lever Limited to work in their marketing division. At HLL, he was the product manager of Surf (detergent) during India's first detergent war, where he played an important role in defending Surf's leadership position in the Indian market against Swastik Oil Mill's Sway detergent. Later he headed the Client Services Group of the Marketing Research department as the youngest Senior Manager in the company, in which role he did the early research that led to the development of Liril.
In 1972, Bhandari was recruited by Ravi J. Matthai to the faculty of his alma mater, the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. The institute sponsored his doctoral studies through a Ford Foundation grant and he earned his PhD in 1976 from the Columbia Business School working with Prof. John U. Farley and writing a dissertation on Social Marketing. His dissertation, entitled Communications for social marketing: a methodology for developing communication appeals for family planning programs, won the Honorable Mention in the John A. Howard/AMA Doctoral Dissertation Competition in 1976. He is considered a pioneer of social marketing in India by his colleague Prof. Anil Kumar Gupta. After completing his PhD, Bhandari returned to the faculty of Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad where he was acknowledged as an excellent teacher by his students and colleagues. In time, he was described as the 'star' of the marketing faculty  and the leading marketing academic in the country. He served as the Chairman of the Marketing Area, of the Management Education Program (MEP), and of Management Development Programmes. He was also the first Chairman of the Kasturbhai Lalbhai Management Development Centre, and was responsible, during his tenure for the first major upgrade of its facilities. He also served on the second Committee for Future Directions and chaired the Institute's Task Force on International Management. In 1986, he won a research award from the Colgate Darden Graduate School of Business Administration at the University of Virginia where he spent a summer. According to V. Krishnamurthy, the then Chairman of the Board of Governors of IIM Ahmedabad, Bhandari was in the running to succeed NR Sheth as Director of the institute in 1989 after his name was prominently proposed by both the faculty and the alumni. He had been sounded out about the likelihood of his selection just before his death in 1988.
Bhandari was a highly sought-after management consultant. His clients included Citibank India, Hindustan Unilever, Marico, Crompton Greaves, ITC (company), Lipton India, Madura Coats, Blue Star India, State Timber Corporation of Sri Lanka, State Bank of India, Hindustan Motors, Automobile Products of India, Tea Board of India, and Steel Authority of India. He served on the Board of directors of Enfield India, EID Parry, Semi-Conductor Laboratory and the Cement Corporation of India. He also served as a consultant to the Commonwealth Secretariat for the management of public enterprises among its member countries. He was a nominated member of the advisory group on Consumer Industries appointed by the Planning Commission of India. In the year of his death, he was nominated by the Ministry of Commerce as a member of the Steering Committee of the Trade Development Authority of India and the National Committee on the Long Term Strategy for the Development of the Tea Industry and Chairman of the sub-committee on Marketing and Export of Tea.
Bhandari's main body of research focussed on marketing issues in the areas of socio-economic development and poverty alleviation. For his doctoral work, he developed a methodology based on the ECHO method devised by Richard Barthol and Gary Bridge, for identifying value-based communication appeals that were likely to influence people's attitudes and beliefs about family planning, and which could form the basis of a marketing campaign. After returning to the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, he focussed on issues of consumption in developing countries, especially among the poor. In a series of papers, he and his colleagues showed that the consumption of the poor masses, apart from just being dependent on their disposable income, was also constrained and influenced by the marketing system of the country which included the activities of various institutions, the distribution network, policy etc. Bhandari analyzed the consumption needs of the masses in India and showed that they were not being adequately met either by public or private firms in the organized sector, or firms in the small-scale or cottage industries sector as was intended by government policy, even for products that they could afford. In later work, he highlighted the biases of planners in thinking of the poor mainly as producers and the consequences of such a bias for poverty alleviation. He was one of the first to put forth the view that it was crucial to consider the poor as consumers when making policy for development, because their quality of life is more directly linked to their consumption activities rather than their income or productivity. Bhandari's research contributed to, and was part of, a development in marketing that was represented by the International Society of Markets and Development.
Death and legacy
He died in the crash of Indian Airlines Flight 113. The Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad instituted an endowment in his memory. This endowment has sponsored the IIMA Conference on Marketing Paradigms for Emerging Economies, which also awards the Labdhi Bhandari best paper award. The IIMA Alumni Trust has also instituted a scholarship in his memory. Bhandari is the subject of the Reconstructing LRB biographical project.
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- The Parliamentarian, volumes 69-70, 1988, Commonwealth Parliamentary Association, Great Britain
- IIMAlumnus magazine, 1989 issue
- Dholakia, R. R., Sharif, M., & Bhandari, Labdhi (1988). Consumption in the Third World: Challenges for marketing and development. Marketing and development: Toward broader dimensions, 129-48.
- Bhandari, Labdhi, & Vora, MN (1976). Indian Distribution System: Role of Private Trade. In Public Distribution Systems: Evolution, Evaluation, and Prospects, ed. N. Dholalda & R. Khurana (New Delhi: Oxford, 1979), 42-60.
- Bhandari, Labdhi (1976). Meeting Consumption Needs of Masses: A Proposal for a Public Sector Marketing Corporation. In Seminar on Public Distribution System, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. Also published in Vikalpa
- Bhandari, Labdhi & Vyas, V. (1978). Public distribution of non-food essential commodities: the needed innovations." Round Table on Public Distribution of Essential Commodities: Policies and Problems, Indian Merchants Chamber. Mimeo.
- Bhandari, Labdhi, Jain, A., Vora, MN (1982) Distribution of Mill-made cotton textiles. Eastern Economist,78(1), p1275.
- Bhandari, Labdhi (1980). Textile distribution: Task and Structure. Commerce (annual number) 145(3734), 119-45.
- IIM Ahmedabad 27th Annual Report, 1988-89
- 6th IIMA CONFERENCE ON MARKETING IN EMERGING ECONOMIES
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