Lakatan banana

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Musa acuminata 'Lakatan'
Musa paradisiaca Blanco1.88-cropped.jpg
Lakatan illustration in the 1880 book Flora de Filipinas by Francisco Manuel Blanco
Species Musa acuminata
Cultivar group AA Group
Cultivar 'Lakatan'
Origin Philippines
Lakatan bananas
Close up of Lakatan bananas.
The skin of overripe Lakatan bananas typically turns black.

Lakatan bananas, also spelled Lacatan, are diploid banana cultivars from the Philippines. It is one of the most common banana cultivars in the Philippines, along with the Latundan and Saba bananas.[1]

Lakatan bananas should not be confused with the Cavendish banana Masak Hijau, which is also known as "Lacatan" in Latin America and the West Indies.

Taxonomy and Nomenclature[edit]

The Lakatan banana is a diploid (AA) cultivar.[2]

Its official designation is Musa acuminata (AA Group) 'Lakatan'.

Synonyms include:

  • Musa x paradisiaca L. ssp. sapientum (L.) Kuntze var. lacatan Blanco
  • Musa acuminata Colla (Cavendish Group) cv. 'Lacatan'

The Cavendish cultivar Masak Hijau is also called "Lacatan" in Latin America and the West Indies. The latter is known as "Bungulan" in the Philippines. To avoid confusion, the Philippine Lakatan is usually spelled with a 'k' in botanical literature, while Masak Hijau is usually spelled with a 'c' (Lacatan)[3] or simply called "Jamaican Lacatan".[2][4]

Description[edit]

Lakatan typically grow to a height of five to nine feet. The fruits can be harvested 8 to 12 months after planting.[5] Lakatan is susceptible to the Banana Bunchy Top virus.

Lakatan fruits are longer and thicker-skinned than the Latundan bananas and turn a characteristic yellow-orange when ripe.[6][7]

Uses[edit]

Lakatan is the most popular dessert banana in the Philippines. It is more expensive than the more common Latundan and Cavendish bananas. Both Latundan and Lakatan, however, are preferred by Filipinos over Cavendish.[8]

They have higher β-Carotene content than other banana cultivars.[9]

Diseases[edit]

  • Banana Bunchy Top Virus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hautea, D.M., G.C. Molina, C.H. Balatero, N.B. Coronado, E.B. Perez, M.T.H. Alvarez, A.O. Canama, R.H. Akuba, R.B. Quilloy, R.B. Frankie, C.S. Caspillo (2002-07-19). "Analysis of induced mutants of Philippine bananas with molecular markers". Institute of Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines Los Baños, FAO Corporate Document Repository. Retrieved 12 January 2011.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  2. ^ a b Michel H. Porcher; Prof. Snow Barlow (2002-07-19). "Sorting Musa names". The University of Melbourne, [1]. Retrieved 11 January 2011.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ Valmayor, R.V., Espino, R.R.C. and Pascua, O.C. (2002). The Wild and Cultivated Bananas of the Philippines. Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines: PARRFI. p. 242. 
  4. ^ "ENCANTO FARMS "we be bananas" in San Diego". http://webebananas.com/. Retrieved 13 January 2011.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. ^ "Lakatan Banana Growing and Production with ROI". http://www.mixph.com/. February 8, 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2011.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  6. ^ "Lacatan, Latundan & Senorita Bananas". http://www.marketmanila.com/. March 8, 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2011.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  7. ^ "BANANA". Philippine Department of Agriculture http://www.da.gov.ph. March 8, 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2011.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  8. ^ "Lakatan variety". http://www.bananacrop.com/. October 12, 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2011.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  9. ^ Lois Englberger; Ian Darnton-Hill; Terry Coyne; Maureen H. Fitzgerald; Geoffrey C. Marks (2003). "Carotenoid-rich bananas: A potential food source for alleviating vitamin A deficiency" (PDF). Food and Nutrition Bulletin, vol. 24, no. 4. The United Nations University. Retrieved 13 January 2011. 

External links[edit]