|Musa acuminata 'Red Dacca'|
|Cultivar group||AAA Group (Cavendish group)|
|Origin||West Indies and Central America|
Red bananas, also known as Red Dacca bananas in Australia, are a variety of banana with reddish-purple skin. They are smaller and plumper than the common Cavendish banana. When ripe, raw red bananas have a flesh that is cream to light pink in color. They are also softer and sweeter than the yellow Cavendish varieties, with a slight mango flavor. Many red bananas are imported from producers in East Africa, Asia and South America. They are a favorite in Central America but are sold throughout the world.
Taxonomy and nomenclature
Its official designation is Musa acuminata (AAA Group) 'Red Dacca'.
- Musa acuminata Colla (AAA Group) cv. 'Red'
- Musa sapientum L. f. rubra Bail.
- Musa sapientum L. var. rubra (Firm.) Baker
- Musa rubra Wall. ex Kurz.
- Musa × paradisiaca L. ssp. sapientum (L.) Kuntze var. rubra
- Musa acuminata Colla (AAA Group) cv. 'Cuban Red'
- Musa acuminata Colla (Cavendish Group) cv. 'Cuban Red'
- Musa acuminata Colla (AAA Group) cv. 'Red Jamaican'
- Musa acuminata Colla (AAA Group) cv. 'Jamaican Red'
- Musa acuminata Colla (AAA Group) cv. 'Spanish Red'.
It is known in English as Red dacca, Red banana, Claret banana, Cavendish banana "Cuban Red", Jamaican red banana, and Red cavendish banana. It is also known under a variety of common names in other countries, including the following:
- Bulgarian: Cherven banan, Червен банан (Bulgarian),
- Burmese: Shwe nget pyaw.
- Chinese: Hong guo jiao 紅果蕉
- Danish: Kubabanan, Æblebanan, Rød banan.
- Dutch: Rode banaan, Cubabanaan.
- French: Figue rose (Guadeloupe, Martinique), Figue rouge (Haiti), Figue rouge-vin, Figue violette (Guadeloupe), Bacove violette (French Guiana), Banane rouge, Banane violette, Banane de Cuba
- German: Weinrote Banane, Kuba Banane
- Hindi: Lāl kélā
- Indonesia: Pisang Susu Merah
- Italian: Banana rosa, Banana di Cuba
- Japanese: Baracoa
- Korean: Bbalgan banana
- Malaysian: Pisang raja udang
- Portuguese: Banana roxa (Brazil), Bananeira roxa, Banana vermelha
- Polish: Czerwony banan (Poland),
- Russian: Krasniy banan, красный банан (Russian),
- Sinhalese: Rathambala රතඹලා
- Spanish: Banano color clarete, Tafetan (Colombia), Tafetan morado (Colombia), Guineo morado (Cuba), Colorado (Puerto Rico), Platano colorado, Plátano rosado (Ecuador), Plátano rojo (Perú)
- Tagalog: Morado
- Tamil: Sevvazhai செவ்வாழை
- Thai: Kluay nak (กล้วยนาก)
- Malayalam: Chovazha, Chenkadali (ചെങ്കദളി), Kappa Pazham
- Sanskrit : रक्तकदली
Red bananas should have a deep red or maroon rind when ripe, and are best eaten when unbruised and slightly soft. This variety contains more beta carotene and vitamin C than yellow banana. It also contains potassium and iron. The redder the fruit, the more carotene and the higher the vitamin C level. As with yellow bananas, red bananas will ripen in a few days at room temperature and are best stored outside refrigeration. It needs lots of water for good production.
Red bananas are eaten in the same way as yellow bananas, by peeling the fruit before eating. They are frequently eaten raw, whole or chopped, and added to desserts and fruit salads, but can also be baked, fried and toasted. Red bananas are also commonly sold dried in stores.
The first bananas to appear on the market in Toronto (in the 1870s and 1880s) were red bananas. Red bananas are available year round at specialty markets and larger supermarkets in the United States.
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