Laimdota Straujuma

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Laimdota Straujuma
LIII COSAC plenārsēde (17713321674).jpg
Prime Minister of Latvia
In office
22 January 2014 – 11 February 2016
President Andris Bērziņš
Raimonds Vējonis
Preceded by Valdis Dombrovskis
Succeeded by Māris Kučinskis
Minister of Agriculture
In office
25 October 2011 – 22 January 2014
Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis
Preceded by Jānis Dūklavs
Succeeded by Jānis Dūklavs
Personal details
Born (1951-02-24) 24 February 1951 (age 65)
Mežvidi, Soviet Union
(now Latvia)
Political party People's Party (1998–2011)
Unity (2011–present)
Alma mater University of Latvia
Latvian Academy of Sciences
Awards Cross of Recognition

Laimdota Straujuma (born 24 February 1951) is a Latvian economist who was the Prime Minister of Latvia from January 2014 to February 2016. Before her tenure as Prime Minister, she served as Minister of Agriculture from 2011 to 2014. She was the first woman to serve as the head of government of the country.[1] After her resignation on 7 December 2015 she announced her intention to resume a seat in the Saeima.[2]

Between October 2000 and 2006 Straujuma served as the Secretary of State of the Ministry for Agriculture. Between 2007 and 2010 she was the Secretary of State of the Ministry for Regional Development and Local Government. She was appointed as Minister of Agriculture on 25 October 2011.[3]

On 5 January 2014 the Unity Party nominated Straujuma as a candidate for the post of Prime Minister following the resignation of Valdis Dombrovskis.[4] The nomination was supported by Unity's coalition partners, the Reform Party and the National Alliance as well as the opposition Union of Greens and Farmers.[5]

Following the 2014 Parliamentary Election, in which the Unity Party came in second, the President of Latvia Andris Bērziņš nominated Straujuma to lead the new government,[6] which was approved by Saeima on 5 November 2014. Straujuma resigned on 7 December 2015.[7][8]

Resignation[edit]

On 7 December 2015, Straujuma resigned after a period of increasing disputes within the ruling coalition. As the country’s first female prime minister, her term lasted nearly two years and her tenure focused on strengthening national defence in the wake of the Russian annexation of Crimea. Media reports claimed Straujuma struggled to maintain cohesion within the coalition in the months preceding her resignation over the overwhelming issues of the European migrant crisis, teacher strikes and disagreement over strategy for State assistance to the debt-laden national airline Air Baltic. Reallocation of funds to ensure the country moved closer to NATO's 2% GDP defence spending requirement in light of the security situation helped make the 2016 budget controversial. The chairwoman of the Unity Party Solvita Āboltiņa criticised Straujuma’s alleged lack of authority. Straujuma upon her resignation stated that there was a need in the government for “new ideas, a new contribution and a new energy”.[9] She personally recommended incumbent Interior Minister Rihards Kozlovskis as a successor. He later declined the role in an interview with Radio Latvia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Latvia gets first female prime minister". 22 January 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Government falls as Straujuma resigns". Public broadcasting of Latvia. 7 December 2015. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "Saeima izsaka uzticību Dombrovska trešajai valdībai" (in Latvian). Delfi. 25 October 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "Premjera amatam virza Straujumu" (in Latvian). Delfi. 5 January 2014. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "New currency, new leader". The Economist. 2014-01-14. Retrieved 2014-01-10. 
  6. ^ "President nominates Straujuma to carry on". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2014-11-05. 
  7. ^ "LSM / UPDATED (4 p.m.): Government falls as Straujuma resigns / Eng.lsm.lv". Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  8. ^ Sputnik (7 December 2015). "Latvian Prime Minister Straujuma Resigns". Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  9. ^ "Latvia's Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma Steps Down". WSJ. 5 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Jānis Dūklavs
Minister of Agriculture
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Jānis Dūklavs
Preceded by
Valdis Dombrovskis
Prime Minister of Latvia
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Māris Kučinskis