|9th President of Latvia|
8 July 2015 – 8 July 2019
|Prime Minister||Laimdota Straujuma|
Arturs Krišjānis Kariņš
|Preceded by||Andris Bērziņš|
|Succeeded by||Egils Levits|
|Minister of Defence|
22 January 2014 – 7 July 2015
|Prime Minister||Valdis Dombrovskis|
|Preceded by||Artis Pabriks|
|Succeeded by||Raimonds Bergmanis|
|Minister of Environmental Protection and Regional Development|
7 November 2002 – 25 October 2011
|Prime Minister||Einars Repše|
|Preceded by||Vladimirs Makarovs|
|Succeeded by||Edmunds Sprūdžs|
|Born||15 June 1966|
Nikonovo, Pskov Oblast, Soviet Union (now Russia)
|Political party||Green Party|
|Alma mater||University of Latvia|
Raimonds Vējonis (born 15 June 1966) is a Latvian politician who served as the 9th President of Latvia from 2015 to 2019. He is a member of the Green Party, part of the Union of Greens and Farmers. He served as Minister of Environmental Protection and Regional Development in 2002 and in 2011 and as Minister of the Environment from 2003 to 2011, while the Ministry of Regional Development was a separate department. He became Minister of Defence of Latvia in 2014 and held that office until becoming President in 2015.
Early life and career
Vējonis was born on 15 June 1966 in Pskov Oblast to a Latvian father and a Russian mother, while his father was serving in the Soviet army there. He grew up in Sarkaņi and attended school in the nearby town of Madona. Vējonis became interested in environmental protection because his grandfather had been blinded by chemicals used on a Soviet collective farm.
He graduated from Faculty of Biology of the University of Latvia in 1989 and obtained a master's degree from it in 1995. During his studies he worked as a biology teacher in Madona. From 1989 to 1996 he was deputy director of Madona Regional Environmental board. He was a member of Madona city council from 1990 to 1993. From 1996 to 2002 he was director of Greater Riga Regional Environmental board, during this period he also was a board member in Skulte port and served as state representative at Getliņi Eko waste management company.
In 2002 Vējonis became Minister of Environmental Protection and Regional Development.
He was elected as President of Latvia on 3 June 2015, receiving the votes of 55 of the 100 members of the Saeima. He used his victory speech to promise to ensure national security, in light of events in Ukraine, while protecting the environment. He became the first head of state in the European Union to be a member of a green party. After seven parties were elected to Saeima following the 2018 Latvian parliamentary election and representatives were unsuccessful in agreeing upon a new coalition, Vējonis was called on to nominate a candidate for Prime Minister of Latvia himself. After his first choice of Jānis Bordans from New Conservative Party was rejected by possible coalition partners, Vējonis then nominated Aldis Gobzems of Who owns the state? on November 26, 2018 and gave him a two week deadline to form a government.
On 18 January 2016 Vējonis was hospitalized. He was first transported to the Toxicology and Sepsis Clinic of the Riga East Clinical University Hospital branch Gaiļezers, but a day later was transferred to the Latvian Cardiology Center at Pauls Stradiņš Clinical University Hospital. The press counselor of the president initially did not disclose the nature of the illness and suggested that the president had a viral infection. However independent medical experts theorized that Vējonis probably had an infective endocarditis. On January 20 Vējonis underwent emergency open heart surgery to eliminate the source of infection in which the heart valve damaged by sepsis was replaced with an artificial heart valve. Later on unnamed sources told the press that the illness was likely caused by untreated tonsillitis, the press counselor of the president, while still refusing to disclose exact diagnosis, confirmed that the president had been having issues with his throat and his voice had been very hoarse.
Vējonis left hospital on February 26 to undergo physical therapy at National Rehabilitation Center "Vaivari". He was reported to be doing some work during his illness, but fully resumed his official duties on 30 March after spending more than two months recovering.
- National Honours
- Latvia: (Former Grand Master) and Commander Grand Cross with Chain of the Order of the Three Stars (8 July 2015).
- Latvia: (Former Grand Master) and Grand Cross of the Order of Viesturs
- Latvia: Former Grand Master of the Cross of Recognition
- Foreign Honours
- Estonia: Collar of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana (2 April 2019)
- Germany: Grand Cross special class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (22 February 2019)
- Iceland: Grand cross with Collar of the Order of the Falcon (16 November 2018)
- Italy: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (26 June 2018)
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion (11 June 2018).
- Ukraine: The First Class of the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (22 November 2018).
- "The Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia: Raimonds Vējonis". Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia. Archived from the original on 2010-11-19. Retrieved 2010-04-17. Cite uses deprecated parameter
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- "Jaunais Latvijas Valsts prezidents - Raimonds Vējonis". Lsm.lv (in Latvian). 3 June 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
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- "President Vējonis again tries to persuade parties to form a government". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. LETA. November 2, 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- "Three parties leave New Conservatives' government talks". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. LETA. November 14, 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
- "Gobzems nominated for PM". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. November 26, 2018. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- "President nominates Gobzems for PM". The Baltic Times. LETA. November 27, 2018. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- "Latvia's "President with an Accent:" Raimonds Vejonis". Foreigncy.us. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
- "Vējonis šorīt nogādāts Gaiļezera slimnīcā". Skaties.lv. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
- "Prezidenta veselības stāvokli vērtē kā apmierinošu; nozīmēta ārsta uzraudzība". Tvnet.lv. 18 January 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
- Paparde, Inga (21 January 2016). "Kardioķirurgi glābj prezidentu". NRA. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
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- Cielava, Ieva (26 January 2016). "Kas apdraudēja prezidenta sirdi? (preciz.)". Ir.lv. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- "President Vējonis to leave hospital". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. February 26, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
- "President to resume duties next week". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. March 23, 2016. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
- "Vabariigi President". www.president.ee. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- "Latvijas Valsts prezidenta mājaslapa". www.president.lv. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Affairs, Ministry of General (18 May 2018). "State visit to Latvia - program - News item - Royal House of the Netherlands". Royal-house.nl. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
- "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №387/2018 Про нагородження Р.Вейоніса орденом князя Ярослава Мудрого". president.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). 2018-11-22.
| Minister of Environmental Protection and
| Minister of Defence
| President of Latvia