President of Latvia
|President of the Republic of Latvia
Latvijas Valsts prezidents
|Term length||Four years
renewable once, consecutively
|Inaugural holder||Jānis Čakste
14 November 1922
|Formation||Constitution of Latvia|
|Website||Latvijas Valsts prezidenta mājas lapa|
The term of office is four years. Before 1997, it was three years. He or she may be elected any number of times, but not more than twice in a row. In the event of the vacancy in the office of the President, the Speaker of the Saeima assumes the duties of the President. For example, after the death of Jānis Čakste the Speaker of the Saeima, Pauls Kalniņš, was acting president briefly in 1927, before a new President could be elected.
Unlike his Estonian counterpart, the Latvian president's role is not entirely ceremonial. However, he is not as powerful as the President of Lithuania. The official Latvian term Valsts prezidents literally means 'State President'.
|Portrait||Term of office||Political party|
|17 December 1918||14 November 1922||Democratic Centre|
|14 November 1922||14 March 1927|
|14 March 1927||8 April 1927||Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party|
|8 April 1927||4 September 1930||Democratic Centre|
|4 September 1930||15 May 1934||Latvian Farmers' Union|
|(3)||16 May 1934||10 April 1936||Independent|
|11 April 1936||21 July 1940||Authoritarian dictatorship|
|Position vacant (21 July 1940 – 8 July 1993)|
|21 August 1991||13 February 1993||Popular Front of Latvia|
|(—)||13 February 1993||8 July 1993||Latvian Way|
|8 July 1993||8 July 1999||Latvian Farmers' Union|
|8 July 1999||8 July 2007||Independent|
|8 July 2007||8 July 2011||Independent|
|8 July 2011||8 July 2015||Union of Greens and Farmers [n 5]|
|8 July 2015||Incumbent||Latvian Green Party|
Living former Presidents
There are five living former Latvian Presidents:
served 1988-1993, born 10 February 1942 (age 74)
served 1993-1999, born 13 September 1939 (age 76)
Vaira Vike Freiberga
served 1999–2007, born 01 December 1937 (age 78)
served 2007–2011, born 22 March 1955 (age 61)
served 2011–2015, born 10 December 1944 (age 71)
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
- Lists of office-holders
- List of Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic ("head of state" during the Soviet era)
- Upon Latvian independence on 17 December 1918, Jānis Čakste was head of state as Chairman of Tautas padome (1918–20) and Speaker of the Constitutional Assembly (1920–22), until he was elected President by the first Saeima on 14 November 1922.
- Upon Čakste's death, Speaker of the Saeima Pauls Kalniņš was acting president from 14 March 1927 to 8 April 1927.
- Upon the expiration of Kviesis's term, Prime minister Kārlis Ulmanis illegally merged the Presidency and the Premiership, holding both offices himself. After the Soviet occupation Prime Minister Augusts Kirhenšteins was the illegitimate Acting President from 21 July to 25 August 1940
- After the restoration of Latvian independence, speaker of the Latvian parliament Anatolijs Gorbunovs was acting president from 21 August 1991 to 8 July 1993.
- Bērziņš is not a member of parties forming the Union of Greens and Farmers, however he ran for the Saeima from their list and was a member of their parliamentary group at the time of his election.
- "Miljonārs Bērziņš netic, ka Latvijā valda nabadzība". tvnet.lv. 4 November 2012. (Latvian)
- "President of Latvia by Baltic Legal; Part of Constitution - The president". Baltic Legal. Retrieved 2013-03-14.