Laister-Kauffman TG-4

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Laister-Kauffman LK-10A)
Jump to: navigation, search
TG-4, LK-10
Laister-Kauffman TG-4A.jpg
TG-4A in the National Museum of the United States Air Force
Role Sailplane
National origin United States
Manufacturer Laister-Kauffman
Designer Jack Laister
Variants Bartos/Nobel BN-1 Phantom

The Laister-Kauffman TG-4 (designated LK-10 Yankee Doodle 2 by its designer) was a sailplane produced in the United States during the Second World War for training cargo glider pilots. It was a conventional sailplane design with a fuselage of steel tube construction and wooden wings and tail, skinned all over with fabric. The pilot and instructor sat in tandem under a long canopy.

Design and development[edit]

Jack Laister designed the aircraft in response to the formation of the United States Army Air Corps' American Glider Program in 1941, basing it on his Yankee Doodle design of 1938 for Lawrence Tech. Aside from the addition of a second seat, the Yankee Doodle 2 differed from it predecessor by having wings of constant dihedral instead of gull wings. The USAAC expressed interest, but only if Laister could arrange for the manufacture of the type. When Laister found a sponsor in businessman John Kauffman, they established the Laister-Kauffman Corporation in St Louis, Missouri and the USAAC ordered three prototypes as the XTG-4.

When evaluation of the type proved positive, the Army placed an order for 75 aircraft, followed by an order for another 75. These were operated as the TG-4A, along with the original, single-seat Yankee Doodle that was impressed into service. All had been withdrawn from service prior to the end of the war when it was discovered that the flight characteristics of the aircraft were so different to those of a cargo glider, that the experience gained on the TG-4 was not particularly relevant.


Variants[edit]

  • XTG-4 - prototypes (three built)
  • TG-4A - production model (150 built)
  • TG-4B - civilian aircraft impressed into service (one impressed)


Operators[edit]

LK-10 Serial #106 under prefix PT-PAZ operated by Aeroclube de Bauru in Brazil as of April 2013[1]

Laister-Kauffman TG-4 PT-PAZ in Bauru, Brazil
TG-4 on display at the Museum of Aviation

Video of LK-10a flying at SOSA Gliding Club during the summer of 2013 - her 70th anniversary.

Aircraft on display[edit]

Aircraft under restoration for flight[edit]

TG-4A Serial #74 Under Restoration at Legend Of Aces Aviation (www.Legendofaces.com)

Specifications (LK-10 / TG-4A)[edit]

Data from The World's Sailplanes:Die Segelflugzeuge der Welt:Les Planeurs du Monde Volume II[3]

General characteristics

Performance

  • g limits: +6 -3 at 225 km/h (139.8 mph; 121.5 kn)
  • Maximum glide ratio: 22 at 80 km/h (49.7 mph; 43.2 kn)

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Planadores: Aeroclube de Bauru" (in Portuguese). 2013. Retrieved 29 Apr 2013. 
  2. ^ US Southwest Soaring Museum (2010). "Sailplanes, Hang Gliders & Motor Gliders". Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Shenstone, B.S.; K.G. Wilkinson (1963). The World's Sailplanes:Die Segelflugzeuge der Welt:Les Planeurs du Monde Volume II (in English, French, and German) (1st ed.). Zurich: Organisation Scientifique et Technique Internationale du Vol a Voile (OSTIV) and Schweizer Aero-Revue. pp. 232–233. 

References[edit]

  • Shenstone, B.S.; K.G. Wilkinson (1963). The World's Sailplanes:Die Segelflugzeuge der Welt:Les Planeurs du Monde Volume II (in English, French, and German) (1st ed.). Zurich: Organisation Scientifique et Technique Internationale du Vol a Voile (OSTIV) and Schweizer Aero-Revue. pp. 160–162. 
  • US Southwest Soaring Museum (2010). "Sailplanes, Hang Gliders & Motor Gliders". Retrieved 26 May 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 563. 
  • Salmi, Reino J. (March 1943). "Gliders for Victory". The Wisconsin Engineer. 47 (6): 8–9. Retrieved 2008-09-16.  (uncorrected OCR)

External links[edit]