Law enforcement in Mongolia
The law enforcement activity in Mongolia is carried out by the National Police Agency (Mongolian: Арван тавны цагдаа, “Arvan Tavnii Tsagdaa”, meaning “Preventive Soldiers”). The force is responsible for maintaining law and order and preventing crime throughout Mongolia. The police was created in 1965 and has its headquarters in the capital Ulaanbaatar.
The mandate of police is to implement state policy on crime fighting and maintaining public order, to carry out police duties throughout Mongolia and manage services provided at local level, to develop policy on firearms (shooting techniques, special equipment, and associated needs) and on human resources, training and methods for improving knowledge and skills, protecting the rights and legal interests of police officers, organizing police work in keeping with Mongolia’s Constitution, to inform the President of Mongolia, the Head of the Parliament, the Prime Minister and government members about emerging crime trends, methods for fighting crime and public order issues and to make suggestions as to how to most effectively address them and to develop relations with national and international organizations. Interpol has an office within the Mongolian Police.
According to some scholars, the Mongolian police does practise torture and degrading treatments.
The National Police Agency depends on the Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs. It is headed by a Commissioner General assisted by several Deputy Commissioners General; a First Deputy Commissioner General also exists. Under the Deputy Commissioners General there are ten central departments: Administration, Finance and Logistic, Criminal Police, Investigations, Inquiry, Traffic Police, Information and Research and Public Order Departments, as well as the Communications Division and the Police Academy. The Police is assisted by the Directorate of the Internal Troops. The Directorate of the Internal Troops, established in 1995, is placed under the command of the Commissioner General. However, it is not fully clear what Ministry has the ultimate control of it.
Below the central level, there are Police Departments and Divisions in the 21 provinces and in Ulaanbaatar, further subdivided into Divisions, Units, Sections.
- "Mongolia". 12 June 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- Uildriks, Niels A. (2005). Police Reform and Human Rights: Opportunities and Impediments in Post-communist Societies. Antwerpen: Intersentia nv. pp. 30–32. ISBN 9050954499.
- "Organizational chart National Police" (PDF). Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- Sanders, Alan J. K. (2010). Historical Dictionary of Mongolia. Scarecrow Press. pp. 118–119.