Leeds Central (UK Parliament constituency)

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Leeds Central (now named Leeds Centre)
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Leeds Central (now named Leeds Centre) in West Yorkshire.
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
CountyWest Yorkshire
Electorate80,912 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlementsLeeds
Current constituency
Created1983
Member of parliamentHilary Benn (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromLeeds South, Leeds South East, Leeds East, Leeds West and Leeds North East[2]
18851955
Replaced byLeeds West, Leeds South and Leeds South East
Created fromLeeds
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyYorkshire and the Humber

Leeds Central is a constituency[n 1] recreated in 1983 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1999 by Hilary Benn of the Labour Party.[n 2] A former guise of the seat spanned 1885 to 1955.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Leeds wards of Mill Hill and West, and parts of the wards of Brunswick and Central.

1918-1950: The County Borough of Leeds wards of Central, Mill Hill, South, and West, and parts of the wards of Brunswick, Headingley, and North West.

1950-1955: The County Borough of Leeds wards of Armley and New Wortley, Blenheim, Central, Holbeck North, Mill Hill, and South and Westfield.

1983-1997: The City of Leeds wards of Beeston, City and Holbeck, Richmond Hill, and University.

1997-2010: As above plus Hunslet.

2010–present: The City of Leeds wards of Beeston and Holbeck, Burmantofts and Richmond Hill, City and Hunslet, Hyde Park and Woodhouse, and Middleton Park.

Constituency profile[edit]

The business and retail centre of Leeds is at the heart. A relatively affluent hub having a large minority of its housing forming by luxury, well-served apartments or streets of grand middle-class Victorian houses, the seat has sporadic deprivation, typified by certain densely packed rows of terraced houses, home to many Labour-inclined and often low-income voters. Two large, well-ranked, universities in the city centre, the professional services sector and a 21st-century increase in technology businesses has brought prosperity to the younger generations of the city. The older generations of the city have lived through the closure of many mass consumer product manufacturing and materials processing businesses in Leeds throughout the mid-20th century.[3] Leeds' two universities produce a significant student electorate.[3][4] Middleton in the south of the seat has a golf course, a miniature railway and an upcoming urban mountain bike trail centre within the boundaries.

Households as at March 2011[5]
Status Number
Not Deprived in Any Dimension 16,201
Deprived in 1 Dimension 21,519
Deprived in 2 Dimensions 13,586
Deprived in 3 Dimensions 5,205
Deprived in 4 Dimensions 697

History[edit]

First creation[edit]

The constituency was created in 1885 by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and was first used in the general election of that year *the large Leeds seat had previously been represented by two MPs (1832–1868) and three MPs (1868–1885)). From 1885 it was represented by five single-member constituencies: Leeds Central, Leeds East, Leeds North, Leeds South and Leeds West. The constituencies of Morley, Otley and Pudsey were also created in 1885. The constituency was abolished in 1955. After the 1955 general election Leeds was represented by Leeds East (created 1885, abolished 1918, recreated 1955), Leeds North East (created 1918), Leeds North West (created 1950), Leeds South (created 1885), and Leeds South East (created 1918). There were also constituencies of Batley and Morley (created 1918) and Pudsey (created 1885, replaced by Pudsey and Otley 1918-1950).

Second creation, current creation[edit]

Revival

The constituency was re-created for the 1983 general election.

Results of the winning party

The seat has been won by the Labour Party's candidate since 1983. Benn, elected in 1999 on the demise of Fatchett, has achieved an absolute majority (plurality of votes) in three of five elections for Leeds Central. The 2015 result made the seat the 40-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[6]

Opposition parties

Conservative runner-up, Wilson, in 2015 failed to reflect the positive national swing and fell to 17.3% of the votes cast. A candidature of UKIP, not present in 2010, saw a total share of the vote, hence positive swing, of 15.7% and thus third position.[n 3]. Green Party running, not present in 2010, resulted in a 7.9% polling and fourth-place, its candidate retained his deposit. The fifth-placed Liberal Democrat forfeited her deposit.[n 4].

Turnout

In general elections turnout has ranged from 87.9% in 1910 to 41.7% in 2001. In its 1999 by-election the constituency experienced the lowest voter turnout post-war of 19.6%.[7][8][4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1955[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1885 Gerald Balfour Conservative
1906 Robert Armitage Liberal
1922 Arthur Wellesley Willey Conservative
1923 by-election Sir Charles Henry Wilson Conservative
1929 Richard Denman Labour
1931 National Labour
1945 George Porter Labour
1955 constituency abolished

MPs since 1983[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1983 Derek Fatchett Labour
1999 by-election Hilary Benn Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Leeds Central[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hilary Benn 33,453 70.2 +15.2
Conservative Gareth Davies 9,755 20.5 +3.2
UKIP Bill Palfreman 2,056 4.3 -11.4
Green Ed Carlisle 1,189 2.5 -5.4
Liberal Democrat Andy Nash 1,063 2.2 -1.2
Christian Peoples Alex Coetzee 157 0.3 N/A
Majority 23,698 49.7 +12.0
Turnout 47,673 53.2 -1.9
Labour hold Swing +6.0
General Election 2015: Leeds Central[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hilary Benn 24,758 55.0 +5.7
Conservative Nicola Wilson 7,791 17.3 -2.9
UKIP Luke Senior 7,082 15.7 N/A
Green Michael Hayton 3,558 7.9 N/A
Liberal Democrat Emma Spriggs 1,529 3.4 -17.4
TUSC Liz Kitching 330 0.7 N/A
Majority 16,967 37.7 +9.2
Turnout 45,048 55.1 -2.7
Labour hold Swing +4.8
General Election 2010: Leeds Central[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hilary Benn 18,434 49.3 −10.2
Liberal Democrat Michael Taylor 7,789 20.8 −0.7
Conservative Alan Lamb 7,541 20.2 +7.5
BNP Kevin Meeson 3,066 8.2 +4.1
Independent Dave Procter 409 1.1 N/A
Independent We Beat The Scum One-Nil 155 0.4 N/A
Majority 10,645 28.5 −9.5
Turnout 37,394 57.8 +13.5
Labour hold Swing −4.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Leeds Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hilary Benn 17,526 60.0 -6.9
Liberal Democrat Ruth Coleman 5,660 19.4 +6.2
Conservative Brian Cattell 3,865 13.2 -1.1
BNP Mark Collett 1,201 4.1 N/A
UKIP Peter Sewards 494 1.7 -1.1
Independent Mick Dear 189 0.6 N/A
Independent Oluwole Taiwo 126 0.4 N/A
Alliance for Change Julian Fitzgerald 125 0.4 N/A
Majority 11,866 40.7
Turnout 29,186 46.4 +4.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2001: Leeds Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hilary Benn 18,277 66.9 -2.7
Conservative Victoria Richmond 3,896 14.3 +0.5
Liberal Democrat Stewart Arnold 3,607 13.2 +2.0
UKIP David Burgess 775 2.8 N/A
Socialist Alliance Stephen Johnston 751 2.8 N/A
Majority 14,381 52.6
Turnout 27,306 41.7 -12.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

Leeds Central by-election, 1999
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hilary Benn 6,361 48.2 -21.4
Liberal Democrat Peter Wild 4,068 30.8 +19.6
Conservative Edward Wild 1,618 12.3 -1.4
Green David Blackburn 478 3.6 N/A
UKIP Raymond Northgreaves 353 2.7 N/A
Leeds Left Alliance Chris Hill 258 2.0 N/A
Independent Julian Fitzgerald 51 0.4 N/A
Majority 2,293 17.4
Turnout 13,187 19.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1997: Leeds Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Derek Fatchett 25,766 69.6
Conservative Edward Wild 5,077 13.7
Liberal Democrat David Freeman 4,164 11.3
Referendum Philip Myers 1,042 2.8 N/A
Socialist Labour Mick Rix 656 1.8 N/A
Socialist Alternative Chris Hill 304 0.8 N/A
Majority 20,689 55.9
Turnout 54.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Leeds Central[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Derek Fatchett 23,673 62.2 +6.6
Conservative TC Holdroyd 8,653 22.7 −2.8
Liberal Democrat David Pratt 5,713 15.0 −2.9
Majority 15,020 39.5 +9.4
Turnout 38,039 61.3 −3.5
Labour hold Swing +4.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Leeds Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Derek Fatchett 21,270 55.62
Conservative David Schofield 9,765 25.53
Social Democratic Karen Lee 6,853 17.92
Communist William Innis 355 0.93
Majority 11,505 30.08
Turnout 59,019 64.80
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Leeds Central[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Derek Fatchett 18,706 47.93
Liberal P. Wrigley 10,484 26.86
Conservative M.A. Ashley-Brown 9,181 23.55
BNP G. Cummins 331 0.85
Communist J.M. Rogers 314 0.8
Majority 8,222 21.07
Turnout 39,030 61.66
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1951: Leeds Central[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Porter 23,967 62.35
Conservative William Barford 14,475 37.65
Majority 9,492 24.69
Turnout 77.10
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Leeds Central[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Porter 24,030 60.75
Conservative William Barford 13,351 33.75
Liberal Victor Delepine 2,176 5.50
Majority 10,679 27.00
Turnout 78.26
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Leeds Central[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Porter 13,370 57.14
Conservative Charles Denman 8,011 34.24
Liberal Basil Mayer Sandelson 2,017 8.62
Majority 5,359 22.90
Turnout 63.43
Labour gain from National Labour Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Leeds Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Labour Richard Denman 17,747 56.43
Labour Fred Lindley 13,701 43.57
Majority 4,046 12.87
Turnout 61.44
National Labour hold Swing
General Election 1931: Leeds Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Labour Richard Denman 26,496 71.36
Labour Moss Turner-Samuels 10,633 28.64
Majority 15,863 42.72
Turnout 66.20
National Labour gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Leeds Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Denman 17,322 44.6 +4.2
Unionist Charles Wilson 15,958 41.0 −18.6
Liberal Myer Jack Landa 5,607 14.4 N/A
Majority 1,364 3.6 N/A
Turnout 38,887 68.9 +7.9
Registered electors 56,417
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +11.4
General Election 1924: Leeds Central[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Charles Wilson 16,182 59.6 +3.4
Labour E. J. C. Neep 10,975 40.4 −3.4
Majority 5,207 19.2 +6.8
Turnout 27,157 61.0 +0.9
Registered electors 44,532
Unionist hold Swing +3.4
General Election 1923: Leeds Central[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Charles Wilson 14,853 56.2 +6.2
Labour Henry Slesser 11,574 43.8 +16.0
Majority 3,279 12.4 −9.8
Turnout 26,427 60.1 −6.0
Registered electors 43,972
Unionist hold Swing −4.9
Leeds Central by-election, 1923[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Charles Wilson 13,085 47.6 −2.4
Labour Henry Slesser 11,359 41.4 +13.6
Liberal Gilbert Stone 3,026 11.0 −11.2
Majority 1,726 6.2 −16.0
Turnout 27,470 64.3 −1.8
Registered electors 42,738
Unionist hold Swing −8.0
General Election 1922 : Leeds Central[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Arthur Willey 14,137 50.0 N/A
Labour Henry Slesser 7,844 27.8 +14.6
Liberal Robert Armitage 6,260 22.2 −58.4
Majority 6,293 22.2 N/A
Turnout 28,241 66.1 +28.7
Registered electors 42,738
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Robert Armitage
General Election 1918 Leeds Central[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal Robert Armitage 11,474 70.6 +18.0
Independent * Ernest Terry 2,634 16.2 N/A
Co-operative Party Joseph Smith 2,146 13.2 N/A
Majority 8,840 54.4 +49.2
Turnout 16,254 37.4 −42.5
Registered electors 43,496
Liberal hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

* Terry was supported by the three local branches of National Association of Discharged Sailors and Soldiers, National Federation of Discharged and Demobilized Sailors and Soldiers and Comrades of the Great War.

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election December 1910 : Leeds Central[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Armitage 3,519 52.6 -2.6
Conservative John Gordon 3,169 47.4 +2.6
Majority 350 5.2 -5.2
Turnout 79.9 -8.0
Liberal hold Swing -2.6
General Election January 1910 : Leeds Central[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Armitage 3,987 54.2
Conservative John Gordon 3,366 45.8
Majority 621 8.4
Turnout 87.9
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

R. Armitage
General Election 1906 : Leeds Central[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Armitage 4,188 57.3 +15.0
Conservative Gerald Balfour 3,119 42.7 −15.0
Majority 1,069 14.6 N/A
Turnout 7,307 82.2 +9.0
Registered electors 8,893
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +15.0
General Election 1900 : Leeds Central[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerald Balfour 4,144 57.7 +3.9
Liberal Samuel Montagu 3,042 42.3 −3.9
Majority 1,102 15.4 +7.8
Turnout 7,186 73.2 −9.9
Registered electors 9,820
Conservative hold Swing +3.9

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895 : Leeds Central[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerald Balfour 4,631 53.8 +3.2
Liberal Leifchild Jones 3,977 46.2 −3.2
Majority 654 7.6 +6.4
Turnout 8,608 83.1 −2.9
Registered electors 10,353
Conservative hold Swing +3.2
General Election 1892 : Leeds Central[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerald Balfour 4,448 50.6 +0.5
Liberal John Lawson Walton 4,335 49.4 −0.5
Majority 113 1.2 +1.0
Turnout 8,783 86.0 +10.2
Registered electors 10,215
Conservative hold Swing +0.5

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886 : Leeds Central[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerald Balfour 4,225 50.1 −1.7
Liberal James Kitson[23] 4,212 49.9 +1.7
Majority 13 0.2 −3.4
Turnout 8,437 75.8 −3.8
Registered electors 11,135
Conservative hold Swing −1.7
General Election 1885 : Leeds Central[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gerald Balfour 4,589 51.8 N/A
Liberal John Barran[24] 4,275 48.2 N/A
Majority 314 3.6 N/A
Turnout 8,864 79.6 N/A
Registered electors 11,135
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ UKIP's swing nationally was +9.5% in 2015
  4. ^ The Liberal Democrats's swing nationally was -15.2% in 2015, 1.7% less than in Leeds Central
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ "'Leeds Central', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
  4. ^ a b "Politics". the Guardian.
  5. ^ Parish: Key Statistics: Economic. (2011 census) Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  6. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  7. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2008. Retrieved 21 March 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ BBC (11 July 2008). "Election Records". BBC News. Retrieved 11 July 2008.
  9. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)
  10. ^ "Leeds Central" (PDF). Leeds City Council. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Leeds Central". BBC News. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  14. ^ "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Leeds Central". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  16. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net.
  17. ^ "UK General Election results: October 1951 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net.
  18. ^ "UK General Election results: February 1950 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net.
  19. ^ "UK General Election results: July 1945 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net.
  20. ^ a b c d British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  21. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  23. ^ "Election News". Dundee Courier. 7 June 1886. p. 3. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  24. ^ "General News". Edinburgh Evening News. 2 May 1885. p. 4. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.