Line 1 (Guangzhou Metro)

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Line 1
Line 1 train near Xilang
Other name(s)M1 ("" shape plan name)
Zhongshanlu line
OwnerCity of Guangzhou
LocaleTianhe, Yuexiu, and Liwan districts
Guangzhou, Guangdong
TypeRapid transit
System Guangzhou Metro
Operator(s)Guangzhou Metro Corporation
Depot(s)Xilang Depot
Rolling stock21 cars Siemens Modular Metro-AEG/Adtranz (original order)
48 Bombardier Movia with CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles[1]
Daily ridership1.04 million (2017 daily average)[2]
2 million (2015 Peak)[3]
Opened28 June 1997 (26 years ago) (1997-06-28)
Last extension16 February 1999 (25 years ago) (1999-02-16)
Line length18.5 km (11.50 mi)
Number of tracksDouble-track
CharacterUnderground and At-grade
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification1,500 V DC (overhead lines)
SignallingSiemens Trainguard LZB 700 M, FTGS Moving block
Route map

 11  Up arrow anti-clockwise
 3  Right arrow to Airport North (Terminal 2)
Guangzhou East Railway Station
 3   11   18 
 11  Right arrow clockwise
 18  Right arrow to Wanqingsha
Tianhe Sports Center
 13  Right arrow to Xinsha
Tiyu Xilu
 3  (OSI to  10   13 )
 10  Right arrow to Xilang
 13  Left arrow to Chaoyang
Left arrow to Jiaokou
to Wenchong Right arrow
 6  Left arrow to Xiangxue
Martyrs' Park
Peasant Movement Institute
Connection to Line 2
Chen Clan Academy
Changshou Lu
 6  Left arrow to Xunfenggang
 22  UpperLeft arrow to Airport North (Terminal 2)
Left arrow clockwise
anti-clockwise Right arrow
 11   22 
Huadi River
Xilang Depot
 Guangfo   10   22 
Line 1
Simplified Chinese广州地铁1号线
Traditional Chinese廣州地鐵1號線
Cantonese YaleGwóngjāu Deihtit Yāt Houh Sin

Line 1 of the Guangzhou Metro runs from Xilang to Guangzhou East Railway Station (18.5 km (11.50 mi)). Apart from Kengkou and Xilang, all stations in Line 1 are underground.[4] The first section, from Xilang to Huangsha, opened on 28 June 1997, making Guangzhou the fourth city in mainland China to have a metro system. Construction took a total of 66 months. The total investment is 12.2616 billion yuan with an average cost per kilometer of 662.9 million yuan.[5] The full line started operation on 28 June 1999. Line 1 is coloured yellow.

Line 1 connects the old city on the north bank of the Pearl River and new development areas west of Tianhe District passing through many dense areas and important landmarks in central Guangzhou. At the same time, it also connects the newly built Guangzhou East Railway Station and Fangcun Passenger Station, two major transportation hubs. After the opening of the first section of the Guangfo Metro, it became a key corridor for traffic between the central urban areas of Guangzhou and neighboring Foshan. Therefore, after the opening of the whole line, Line 1 has become an important east–west artery in the urban area of Guangzhou.

Although Line 1 has largely not been expanded since 1999, the passenger flows of Line 1 has been increasing as the Guangzhou Metro network continues to rapidly expand its coverage in and around Guangzhou. At present, the average daily passenger flow has exceeded one million passengers per day, ranking among highest of Guangzhou Metro's lines. Trains are often crowded during the morning and evening peak hours, and the platforms of key transfer stations (Gongyuanqian, Tiyu West Road etc.) are even more crowded. Line 1 remains busy throughout the day leading to it being the subway line with the highest passenger intensity in Mainland China with 55,000 passengers/day/km in 2019.[6]


In 2004, station ventilation and electrical systems started to be updated and platforms strengthened in preparation for retrofitting of platform screen doors in all stations, one of the first PSD retrofit projects in Mainland China.[7] By 2009, all stations on Line 1 where fitted with PSDs.[8]

Retrofitting for PSDs on Line 1

Since Line 1 was put into operation, there have been several incidents of service disruptions due to overhead catenary cable breakages.[9] During that period, Guangzhou Metro experimented rigid catenary installations between Kengkou and Huadiwan stations.[10] Rigid catenary was promoted on all newer lines using overhead electric traction such as Line 2. Since 2007, Guangzhou Metro began converting Line 1's overhead into rigid catenary without shutting down regular service. Instead trains run at a speed limit of 30 km/h (19 mph) when passing through the temporary transition sections.[11][12][13]

In 2011, Line 1 carried out renovation work on the walls of the entire station, removing the original wall tiles and replacing them with gray tiles. Chen Yihua, a middle school student from Guangzhou No. 16 Middle School attracted media attention by opening protesting the rational of the renovation, arguing the new uniform tiles destroy the unique decoration and design features of each Line 1 station. In the end, the project was suspended with only some stations renovated. The rest of the stations remained as is temporarily.[14][15] In 2017, the platform of Line 1 of Guangzhou East Railway Station began to have its wall tiles and false ceiling decorations replaced. However, the replaced tiles and decorations were similar in color to the original. Subsequently, the rest of the underground stations also began to replace wall tiles and hanging decorations accordingly, completing the remaining station renovations using designs as close to the original style as possible.

In June 2016, Guangzhou Metro began to study how to extend the service life of Line 1's A1 series, trains which date from the late 1990s.[16][17] The A1 series was the rolling stock used during the opening of Line 1 and are the oldest in the Guangzhou Metro. The first A1 series trains started the refurbishment 2019–2020.[18] The refurbished trains feature rebuilt interiors, lighting and electrical systems as well as LCD passenger information screens.[19] The newer A3 series where also updated their dot-matrix route maps with full color LCD passenger information screens.

Retrofitted LCD passenger display on an A3 series train.

In order to ensure the continuation of reliable daily operations, it was planned to upgrade the entire aging existing signaling system of Line 1. According to the tender information, it will be upgraded to a newer version of the Siemens signaling system.[20] In February 2022, Guangzhou Metro decided to use the holidays in March and April to upgrade the catenary, signaling system and other equipment of Line 1. During the 16-day upgrade and renovation period, the two-way traffic of Line 1 will be closed 1.5 hours earlier.[21]


Line 1 drawn to scale.
Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Xilang — Huangsha 28 June 1997 5.4 km (3.36 mi) 5 (initial section)
Huangsha — Guangzhou East 16 February 1999 13.1 km (8.14 mi) 11 (final section)


  • OSI - Out-of-station interchange (only available for IC cards users)
Station name Connections Distance
English Chinese
1 01 Xilang 西塱  Guangfo   10   22  0.00 0.00 Liwan
1 02 Kengkou 坑口 1.64 1.64
1 03 Huadiwan 花地湾 1.03 2.67
1 04 Fangcun 芳村  11   22  1.35 4.02
1 05 Huangsha 黄沙  6  1.45 5.47
1 06 Changshou Lu 长寿路 0.77 6.24
1 07 Chen Clan Academy 陈家祠  8  1.16 7.4
1 08 Ximenkou 西门口 1.01 8.41 Yuexiu
1 09 Gongyuanqian 公园前  2  1.02 9.43
1 10 Peasant Movement Institute 农讲所 1.17 10.6
1 11 Martyrs' Park 烈士陵园  12  1.08 11.68
1 12 Dongshankou 东山口  6 
1.07 12.75
1 13 Yangji 杨箕  5  1.41 14.16
1 14 Tiyu Xilu 体育西路  3   10  Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit GBRT
OSI:  APM  (Tianhenan)
OSI:  13  (Huacheng Square North)
1.36 15.52 Tianhe
1 15 Tianhe Sports Center 体育中心 1.04 16.56
1 16 Guangzhou East Railway Station 广州东站  3   11   18   GS  Guangzhou East railway station GGQ 1.96 18.52


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  2. ^ [bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ 879万人次!2015年最后一天广州地铁客流创历史新高 [8.79 million people! Guangzhou Metro achieved daily ridership record on the last day of 2015] (in Chinese). Nanfang News. 4 January 2016. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
  4. ^ Guangzhou Metro Line 1 Archived 2010-03-02 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "感受广州发展脉动 "新"看广州地铁二号线". 2002-12-29. Archived from the original on 2004-06-10.
  6. ^ 崔学忠; 贾文峥; 蔡昌俊; 毛保华 (2019). 中国城市轨道交通运营发展报告(2018~2019). 北京: 社会科学文献出版社. p. 5. ISBN 978-7-5201-5135-1. Archived from the original on 2022-03-17. Retrieved 2021-11-03. 从线路层面来看,线路客运强度最高的是广州地铁1号线,为5.6万人次/(公里·日),与2017年相比仍旧是客运强度最高的线路。
  7. ^ 广州地铁1号线加装新式屏蔽门保障乘客安全 Archived 2020-05-08 at the Wayback Machine.新浪新闻转载大洋网.2004-12-24.
  8. ^ 广州地铁线路全部安装屏蔽门 Archived 2020-05-08 at the Wayback Machine.搜狐新闻转载中国新闻网.2009-07-25
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  10. ^ 架空刚性悬挂系统简介 Archived 2014-03-17 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ 一号线杨箕—体育西区间接触网成功实现“柔”变“刚”
  12. ^ "接触网"柔"改"刚" 一号线来回多跑1分钟". Archived from the original on 2014-03-17. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
  13. ^ "广州:地铁一号线将换"刚性网"". Archived from the original on 2014-03-17. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
  14. ^ "高中生举牌反对地铁站统一翻新". 南方都市报. 南都网. 2011-05-06. Archived from the original on 2011-05-09. Retrieved 2011-06-01.
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  16. ^ "广州地铁一号线列车正被研究延长寿命中". 搜狐. Archived from the original on 2022-03-11. Retrieved 2021-10-25.
  17. ^ 何霖; 朱士友; 陈凯; 左亮; 王丹; 阎锋; 汤劲松 (2018). "广州地铁1号线铝合金车体结构服役寿命研究". 铁道车辆. 56 (4): 1–4.
  18. ^ 广州地铁集团有限公司. "A1型车电气系统更新改造项目及车体维修项目". 广州公共资源交易中心. Archived from the original on 2020-07-30.
  19. ^ "广州最"老"地铁上线首列翻新车,有这些惊喜". 羊城晚报金羊网. 2022-06-01. Archived from the original on 2022-06-01.
  20. ^ "广州市轨道交通一号线正线信号系统更新改造工程设备采购项目中标结果公告". 中国国际招标网. 2017-07-12. Archived from the original on 2022-03-06. Retrieved 2022-03-06.
  21. ^ 李天研 (2022-02-24). "设备升级改造,3、4月广州地铁一号线将有16天提早收车". 广州日报.