Tianhe in Guangzhou
|• Total||96.33 km2 (37.19 sq mi)|
|• Density||16,000/km2 (40,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Canton Romanization||tin6 ho4 kêu1|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Tīanhé Qū|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Canton Romanization||tin6 ho4|
Tianhe District is one of the ten districts in Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. In Chinese, the name Tianhe means a river in the sky or simply "sky river" a Chinese name for the Milky Way. It is bordered by Yuexiu District on the west, Baiyun District on the north and Huangpu District on the east. Haizhu District is on its south, though they are separated by the Zhujiang River.
Tianhe became a district in the 1980s as the city expanded its size. Back then, it was east of another district called Dongshan (which was merged into Yuexiu in 2005) and it was more suburban like if not rural like. Even though a majority of colleges and universities in the city were located in the district, the rest of the district was mostly composed of rice fields.
According to the book: Heritage of Tian he ( Chinese simplified: < 天河区文物志>), there were people settled in Long dong village ( Chinese simplified: 龙洞村), Long dong village is very closed to the Botanical garden.
Within District of Tianhe, Eastern Han Dynasty( A.D 25—A.D. 220 ) tombs were discovered. During Northern Song Dynasty ( A.D 960-A.D. 1127) and Southern Song Dynasty ( A.D. 1127—A.D. 1279), Tian he region was called Da shui xu ( literally mean town of large river ) Tianhe District was originally a part of Panyu County until 14 October 1949 it was consolidated into Guangzhou as part it suburban districts consist of Shahe District and Shipai District. In October 1951 both district merge into Baiyun District, Guangzhou by June 1956 Baiyun District further consolidated with Huangpu District and Xinjiao District to form Jiao District. However, with into four years in April 1960 Jiao District was dissolved and the area consist of modern Tianhe became Huangpu District until May 1962 Huangpu District was consolidated with Fangcun District and Jiangcun District to reestablished Jiao District which last for about twenty three years. In 24 May 1985 parts of Jiao District was split to established Tianhe District and Fangcun District within two years Jiao District was renamed as Baiyun District.
In September 1987 Tonghe Town was transfer to Baiyun District, in April 1992 Yanjicun was transter to Dongshan District within two years by August 1994 Kemulang, Yushatan, and Fenghuang Farms along with Shadongcun and Erduicun was placed under Tianhe's jurisdiction. In September 2000, former Xintang, Mubei, Lingtang, and Yushu Farms were also placed under Tianhe and the farms gradually became sub-districts.
|Name||Chinese (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Canton Romanization||Population (2010)||Area (km2)|
|Changxing Subdistrict||长兴街道||Zhǎngxìng Jiēdào||cêng4 hing1 gai1 dou6||66,098||13.21|
|Chebei Subdistrict||车陂街道||Chēbēi Jiēdào||cé1 béi1 gai1 dou6||102,787||5.60|
|Fenghuang Subdistrict||凤凰街道||Fènghuáng Jiēdào||fung6 wong4 gai1 dou6||19,534||22.99|
|Huangcun Subdistrict||黄村街道||Huángcūn Jiēdào||wong4 qun1 gai1 dou6||29,501||6.17|
|Liede Subdistrict||猎德街道||Lièdé Jiēdào||lib6 deg1 gai1 dou6||22,522||3.10|
|Linhe Subdistrict||林和街道||Línhé Jiēdào||lam4 wo4 gai1 dou6||59,732||3.80|
|Longdong Subdistrict||龙洞街道||Lóngdòng Jiēdào||lung4 dung6 gai1 dou6||70,055||11.70|
|Qianjin Subdistrict||前进街道||Qiánjìn Jiēdào||qin4 zên3 gai1 dou6||59,700||4.90|
|Shadong Subdistrict||沙东街道||Shādōng Jiēdào||sa1 dung1 gai1 dou6||29,522||2.16|
|Shahe Subdistrict||沙河街道||Shāhé Jiēdào||sa1 ho4 gai1 dou6||42,814||1.26|
|Shipai Subdistrict||石牌街道||Shípái Jiēdào||ség6 pai4 gai1 dou6||177,198||4.30|
|Tangxia Subdistrict||棠下街道||Tángxià Jiēdào||tong4 ha6 gai1 dou6||177,864||7.42|
|Tianhenan Subdistrict||天河南街道||Tiānhénán Jiēdào||tin6 ho4 gai1 dou6||62,912||2.08|
|Tianyuan Subdistrict||天园街道||Tiānyuán Jiēdào||tin1 yun4 gai1 dou6||54,769||4.03|
|Wushan Subdistrict||五山街道||Wǔshān Jiēdào||ng5 san1 gai1 dou6||131,795||10.59|
|Xiancun Subdistrict||冼村街道||Xiǎncūn Jiēdào||xin2 qun1 gai1 dou6||51,284||4.07|
|Xinghua Subdistrict||兴华街道||Xìnghuá Jiēdào||hing1 wah4 gai1 dou6||68,139||4.28|
|Xīntang Subdistrict||新塘街道||Xīntáng Jiēdào||sen1 tong4 gai1 dou6||41,207||14.95|
|Yuancun Subdistrict||员村街道||Yuáncūn Jiēdào||yun4 qun1 gai1 dou6||81,831||5.37|
|Yuangang Subdistrict||元岗街道||Yuángǎng Jiēdào||yun4 gong1 gai1 dou6||30,610||3.23|
|Zhuji Subdistrict||珠吉街道||Zhūjí Jiēdào||ju1 ged1 gai1 dou6||52,552||10.01|
The first big project built in the district during the 1980s was the Tianhe Sports Center when the city was selected to host the Sixth National Games in 1986. The complex includes a stadium of 65,000 seats, a gymnasium and an indoor swimming pool. Its construction had a lasting impact on the development of the district. Soon other projects followed and rice fields gave away to residential complexes called "xiaoqu" (meaning "little districts"). The construction of xiaoqu began in the mid and late eighties and most of them had residential buildings of no more than 10 stories. Each floor was kept to no more than four units due to the lack of elevators since they would increase the construction cost. Also, due to the sheer number of residential buildings — some xiaoqu had more than 20 residential buildings — a lot of land was needed and thus converted.
The building of Guangzhou East Railway Station in 1990 further contributed to the growth of the district. The old Guangzhou Railway Station is 10 km to the west and was the terminus for trains to and from Beijing and Hong Kong. To relieve the traffic, the East Railroad Station was built and is now the terminus for trains to and from Hong Kong and Shenzhen.
As the district developed, the size of xiaoqu became smaller since land became more valuable and expensive. Most of the new xiaoqu now only consist of four to six residential buildings but each can contain 30 floors or more since the growth of district attracted big developers where the cost of construction (such as elevators) was no longer an issue. Also, taller residential buildings gave rise to taller office buildings.
South of the Sports Center and north of the Zhujiang River is Zhujiang New Town, an area desolate a decade ago but which is now one of the fastest-developing areas of Guangzhou. Many of Guangzhou's newest and most iconic buildings are found in this part of the district.
Several venues used for the 2010 Asian Games are located in Tianhe District.
- Guangzhou Science City
- Kung Fu restaurants has its headquarters in the district
- Jinyi Cinemas has its headquarters in the district
- Chow Sang Sang's Mainland division, Chow Sang Sang (China) Company Limited
- Google has a Guangzhou office in Teemtower (天河城大厦), Teemmall, in Teemplaza, Tianhe District.
- All Nippon Airways operates its Guangzhou Office in the district. Since May 3, 2011 it has been located in Tower A of Victory Plaza. On May 2, 2011 and prior, it was located in the 2605 CITIC Plaza.
- Renren.com has its Guangzhou office in the China Shine Plaza (S: 耀中广场, T: 耀中廣場, P: Yàozhōng Guǎngchǎng) in Tianhe.
- When 56.com was an independent company, it was headquartered in Huajingyuan (S: 华景园, T: 華景園, P: Huájǐngyuán) in the Tianhe Software Park (S: 天河软件园, T: 天河軟件園, P: Tiānhé Ruǎnjiànyuán), Tianhe District.
Many of the city's colleges and universities are located in the district. They include:
- Guangzhou Sports College
- Guangzhou Military Sports Academy
- Jinan University
- Guangdong Industrial University
- South China Agricultural University
- South China University of Technology
- South China Normal University
International schools in the district include:
- École Française Internationale de Canton in Favorview
- Japanese School of Guangzhou
- Huamei-Bond International College
- Guangzhou Nanfang International School
Tianhe is currently service by five metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro:
- Line 1 - Tiyu Xilu ( North & South), Tianhe Sports Center, Guangzhou East Station ( )
- Line 3 (North Line) - Yantang ( ), Guangzhou East Station ( ), Linhexi ( ), Tiyu Xilu ( South)
- Line 3 (South Line) - Tianhe Coach Terminal ( ), Wushan, South China Normal University, Gangding, Shipaiqiao, Tiyu Xilu ( North), Zhujiang New Town ( )
- Line 4 - Huangcun, Chebei, Chebeinan ( )
- Line 5 - Zhujiang New Town ( ), Liede, Tancun, Yuancun, Keyun Lu, Chebeinan ( ), Dongpu, Sanxi
- Line 6 - Shaheding, Shahe (u/c), Tianpingjia, Yantang ( ), Tianhe Coach Terminal ( ), Changban
- Zhujiang APM - Linhexi ( ), Tianhe Sports Center South, Tianhenan, Huangpu Dadao, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Huacheng Dadao, Guangzhou Opera House, Haixinsha
- CITIC Plaza, is a complex completed in 1997 between Tianhe Sports Center and Guangzhou East Railroad Station, that has an 80-story, 391 m (1,291 ft) skyscraper of the same name. It was briefly the tallest building in China and now it ranks as the eighth tallest building in China, 11th in Asia, and 16th worldwide.
- Pearl River Tower, a skyscraper under construction at the junction of Jinsui Road/Zhujiang Avenue West. It is due for completion Autumn 2009 and will be occupied by the China National Tobacco Corporation.
- Guangzhou International Finance Center, is a tall skyscraper 435m high. It was built between 2005 and 2010.
- The famous shopping mall, TeeMall, a very big shopping centre, the Chinese from Guangzhou even call it the biggest shopping mall in Asia (although the biggest mall in Asia is actually the Golden Resources Mall in Beijing).
- Shipai Village is a large urban village located in Tianhe District.
- "2014年广州市人口规模及分布情况" (in Chinese). Retrieved 13 February 2014.
- shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
- "Company Overview of Kungfu Catering Management Co., Ltd." Businessweek. Retrieved on August 17, 2014. "16Floor, Gaosheng Building No.109 Tiyu West Road Tianhe District Guangzhou, 637399 China"
- Home page. Jinyi Cinemas. Retrieved on January 3, 2015. "广州金逸影视传媒股份有限公司 地址：广州市天河区珠江新城华成路8号礼顿阳光大厦4楼 邮编：510623"
- "CHOW SANG SANG: Shining Return after 62 Years" (Archive). City of Guangzhou. Retrieved on May 9, 2014.
- "Google locations." Google. Retrieved on May 25, 2016. "Google Guangzhou L30, Unit 3007, Teemtower, Teemmall, 208 Tianhe Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510620"
- "ANA City offices Asia." All Nippon Airways. Retrieved on 13 August 2011. "Guangzhou Office [Until May 2nd, 2011] 2605 CITIC PLAZA 233 Tianhe North Road, Tianhe Ward, Guangzhou [From May 3rd, 2011] Room 1403, Tower A, Victory Plaza, No.103, TiyuXi Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510620"
- "Contact Us." Renren Corporate. Retrieved on November 19, 2012. "Room A4001, China Shine Plaza, Linhexi Rd, Tianhe District, Guangzhou" - Chinese: "广州市林和西路9号耀中广场A塔40层4001-4003"
- "联系方法." 56.com. March 23, 2006. Retrieved on November 18, 2012. "公司地址：广州市天河区中山大道89号天河软件园华景园区B栋6楼南01房"
- "Security Message about Recent Protests at Emei Mountain ( July 8, 2014)" (Archive). U.S. Consulate in Chengdu. Retrieved on May 17, 2015. "43 Hua Jiu Road, Zhujian New Town Tianhe District Guangzhou 510623"
- "Présentation." École Française Internationale de Canton. Retrieved on January 17, 2015. "Adresse : Favor View, Wushan, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510641, China" - Map
- "Japanese School of Guangzhou." City Weekend. Retrieved on January 12, 2015. "No.10, Fengxin Road, Tianhe District 广东省广州市天河区风信路10号"
- "Home." Huamei-Bond International College. Retrieved on September 28, 2015. "地址：广州市天河区华美路２３号"
- "Contact Us." Guangzhou Nanfang International School. Retrieved on September 28, 2015. "ADD: No.1 South Industrial Park, Yinglong Rd, Longdong, Tianhe District, Guangzhou 地址：广州市天河区龙洞迎龙路龙山工业园南一号 PC：510520" - Card for taxi drivers stating name and address in Chinese
- "The winds of change", World Architecture News
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tianhe District.|
- Official Site (simplified Chinese)