|Coordinates: 02°14′50″N 32°54′00″E / 2.24722°N 32.90000°E|
|Region||Northern Region of Uganda|
|• Mayor||Sam Atul|
|Elevation||3,488 ft (1,063 m)|
Lira is a city in the Northern Region of Uganda. It is the main municipal, administrative, and commercial centre of Lira District.
Lira was one of the last towns in Uganda held by loyalists of Idi Amin during the Uganda–Tanzania War (1978–1979). A force consisting of the Tanzania People's Defence Force's 201st Brigade and the Uganda National Liberation Front's Kikosi Maalum attacked Lira on 15 May 1979, ousting the Amin loyalists after a short battle. The clash at Lira was the last important battle of the Uganda–Tanzania War, as the remnants of Amin's army completely disintegrated thereafter.
Lira is approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi), by road, southeast of Gulu, the largest city in the Northern Region of Uganda, along the highway between Gulu and Mbale. This is approximately 124 kilometres (77 mi) northwest of Soroti, the nearest city to the south.
Lira City is located approximately 337 kilometres (209 mi), by road, north of the city of Kampala, the capital and largest city in the country. The coordinates of Lira City are 2°14'50.0"N 32°54'00.0"E (Latitude:02.2472; Longitude:32.9000). The city lies at an average elevation of 1,063 metres (3,488 ft), above sea level.
The 2002 national census estimated the population of Lira at 80,900. In 2010, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) estimated the population at 105,100. In 2011, UBOS estimated the mid-year population at 108,600. In August 2014, the national population census put the population at 99,059.
Lira is served by a railway station of the Uganda Railways network. The city is also served by a public civilian airport, Lira Airport, administered by the Civil Aviation Authority of Uganda.
An 80 kilometres (50 mi) 132 kilovolt electricity line from the Karuma Power Station is under construction to a substation in Lira, under the supervision of Intec Gopa International Energy Consultants GmbH of Germany.
Points of interest
The following additional points of interest lie within the town limits or close to the edges of the city:
- Offices of Lira City Council
- Lira Main Market
- Ngetta Rock
- Mount Meru Millers
- Mukwano Industries Lira factory
- Lira University, a public university in Uganda
- Lira Campus of Uganda Martyrs University, a private university, whose main campus is located in Nkozi, Mpigi District
- All Saints University, a private university affiliated with the Church of Uganda
- A branch of the National Social Security Fund
- Ministry of Water and Environment Upper Nile region branch
- Lira Integrated School, a mixed, residential, nursery, primary and secondary school
- Secondary schools include the following public schools: Lango College, Comboni College, Dr. Obote College, St. Katherine Girls School.
- Lira Town College, a secondary school
- Accommodation facilities include Good news hotel, Lira Hotel, Pacific Grand Hotel, Pauline Hotel and several others.
- A golf course next to Lira Central Primary School
- Lira regional referral hospital, a government facility
- David Oyite Ojok, former major general, liberator and UNLA Chief of Staff
- Dusman Sabuni, military officer and rebel leader
- Milton Obote, 2nd President of Uganda
- ^ a b UBOS (27 August 2014). "The Population of The Regions of the Republic of Uganda And All Cities And Towns of More Than 15,000 Inhabitants". Citypopulation.de Quoting Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- ^ Denis Ogwal (July 20, 2017). "Lira Municipal Development Forum Elects New Executive". New Vision. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
...among the development programs that the committee is mandated to monitor is the implementation of Uganda Support Municipal Infrastructural Development (USMID) program.
- ^ Draku, Franklin (22 May 2019). "Cabinet Elevates 15 Municipalities To Cities". Daily Monitor. Kampala. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
- ^ Cooper & Fontanellaz 2015, pp. 37, 39.
- ^ Google (19 January 2021). "Distance Between Gulu, Uganda And Lira, Uganda" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
- ^ Google (19 January 2021). "Distance Between Lira, Uganda And Soroti, Uganda" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
- ^ Google (19 January 2021). "Distance Between Kampala City Centre, Kampala, Uganda And Lira City Centre, Lira, Uganda" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
- ^ Google (19 January 2021). "Location of Lira City, Northern Region, Uganda" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
- ^ Floodmap (2018). "Elevation of Lira, Uganda". Floodmap.net. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
- ^ UBOS. "Estimated Population of Lira In 2002, 2010 And 2011" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 July 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- ^ Cissy Makumbi, Cissy (28 October 2013). "Museveni Opens Gulu Railway Line". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- ^ Odyek, John (13 August 2015). "UETCL Signs €5.2 Million (USh20.5 Billion) Deal With German Company". New Vision. Kampala. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
- ^ Schlein, Lisa (14 December 2014). "Ugandan Entrepreneur Creates Education Opportunity for Girls". Washington, DC: Voice of America. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
- ^ Angoda Emmanuel. "School Report Cards System: What Works In Lira Town College & Northern Uganda". Lira, Uganda: AngodaEmma.Wordpress.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
- Cooper, Tom; Fontanellaz, Adrien (2015). Wars and Insurgencies of Uganda 1971–1994. Solihull: Helion & Company Limited. ISBN 978-1-910294-55-0.