List of Cape Canaveral and Merritt Island launch sites

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Map of launch complexes on Merritt Island and Cape Canaveral
Looking east at LC-36, 40 and 41 on CCAFS in 2005

Cape Canaveral and adjacent Merritt Island on Florida's Atlantic coast are home to two American spaceports, one civilian and one military, servicing several active launch sites.

John F. Kennedy Space Center[edit]

The civilian John F. Kennedy Space Center, operated by NASA, has one launch complex with two pads on Merritt Island. From 1968–1975, it was the site of 13 Saturn V launches, three manned Skylab flights and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project; all Space Shuttle flights from 1981–2011, and 1 Ares 1-X flight in 2009.

Site Status Uses
Launch Complex 39A Active
Leased by SpaceX
Current: Falcon 9 full thrust
Prior: Saturn V, Space Shuttle
Future: Falcon Heavy, ITS launch vehicle
Launch Complex 39B Inactive Prior: Saturn V, Saturn IB (Skylab and Apollo-Soyuz), Space Shuttle
Future: Space Launch System, Next Generation Launcher

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station[edit]

The military Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS), operated by the 45th Space Wing of the U.S. Air Force, was the site of all pre-Apollo 8 manned launches, as well as many other early Department of Defense (DoD) and NASA launches. For the DoD, it plays a secondary role to Vandenberg AFB in California, but is the launch site for many NASA unmanned space probes, as those spacecraft are typically launched on Air Force launchers. Active launch vehicles are in bold.

Much of the support activity for CCAFS occurs at Patrick Air Force Base to the south, its reporting base.

Active sites[edit]

Site Status Uses
Launch Complex 13
(Landing Zone 1)
Active Current: SpaceX Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy first stage landing site[1]
Formerly: Atlas, Atlas Agena
Space Launch Complex 37B Active Current: Delta IV
Formerly: Saturn I, Saturn IB
Space Launch Complex 40 Damaged Current: SpaceX Falcon 9 full thrust
Formerly: Titan III, Titan IV
Space Launch Complex 41 Active Current: Atlas V
Formerly: Titan III, Titan IV

Inactive sites[edit]

Site Status Uses
Launch Complex 1 Inactive Snark, Matador, Aerostat
Launch Complex 2 Inactive Snark, Matador, Aerostat
Launch Complex 3 Inactive Bumper-WAC, BOMARC, Polaris, X-17
Launch Complex 4 Inactive BOMARC, Redstone, Matador, Jason, Draco
Launch Complex 4A Inactive BOMARC
Launch Complex 5 Inactive Jupiter, Redstone, Mercury/Redstone.
The site of all six manned and unmanned Mercury/Redstone launches.
Launch Complex 6 Inactive Redstone, Jupiter
Launch Complex 9 Inactive Navaho
Launch Complex 10 Inactive Jason, Draco, Nike Tomahawk
Launch Complex 11 Inactive Atlas
Future BE-4 test stand for New Glenn
Launch Complex 12 Inactive Atlas, Atlas Agena
Launch Complex 14 Inactive Atlas, Mercury/Atlas D, Atlas Agena
The site of all four manned Mercury/Atlas launches.
Launch Complex 15 Inactive Titan I, Titan II
Launch Complex 16 Inactive Titan I, Titan II, Pershing 1a
Launch Complex 17A Inactive Thor, Delta II
Launch Complex 17B Inactive Delta II, Delta III, Thor
Launch Complex 18 Inactive Viking, Vanguard, Thor, Blue Scout Junior, Blue Scout
Launch Complex 19 Inactive Titan I, Gemini/Titan II.
The site of all ten manned Gemini/Titan II launches.
Launch Complex 20 Inactive Titan I, Titan III, Starbird, Prospector, Aries, LCLV, Super Loki
Launch Complex 21 Inactive Goose, Mace
Launch Complex 22 Inactive Goose, Mace
Launch Complex 25 Inactive Polaris, X-17, Poseidon, Trident I
Launch Complex 26 Inactive Jupiter, Redstone
Launch site of Explorer 1 - the first successful U.S. satellite
Launch Complex 29 Inactive Polaris[2]
Launch Complex 30A Inactive Pershing 1
Launch Complex 31 Inactive Minuteman, Pershing 1a.
Used as a burial vault for the Space Shuttle Challenger
Launch Complex 32 Inactive Minuteman
Launch Complex 34 Inactive Saturn I, Saturn IB.
Site of Apollo 1 fire & Apollo 7 launch
Launch Complex 37A Demolished Saturn I, Saturn IB (unused)
Launch Complex 43 Demolished Super Loki

Spaceport Florida[edit]

As of 2008, the U.S. Air Force committed to lease Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 36 to Space Florida for future use by the Athena III launch system.[3] It is not known if the plan was subsequently implemented.[needs update] Blue Origin leased Complex 36 in 2015, with plans to launch its reusable orbital vehicle from there by 2020.[4]

Site Status Uses
Space Launch Complex 36A Pending Reactivation[4] Atlas/Centaur,[3] Atlas II[citation needed], New Glenn (future)[4]
Space Launch Complex 36B Pending Reactivation[4] Atlas, Atlas II, Atlas III, New Glenn (future)[4]
Space Launch Complex 46 Pending Reactivation[5] Athena, Trident II,[6] Minotaur IV (future), Vector-R (future)

Other[edit]

Site Status Uses
Atlantic Missile Range drop zone Inactive High Virgo, Bold Orion, Hound Dog, Skybolt
Grand Turk Auxiliary AFB, Grand Turk Island drop zone Inactive Arcas (All-Purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundings)
Mobile Launch Area Inactive Lark, Matador, Snark[7]
SLBM Launch Area Inactive Polaris, Poseidon, Trident
Shuttle Landing Facility Active Pegasus
Cape Canaveral AFS Skid Strip Active Navaho, Pegasus, Pegasus XL
Patrick AFB Inactive Matador

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gruss, Mike. "SpaceX Leases Florida Launch Pad for Falcon Landings". Spacenews. Retrieved 13 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Launch Complex 29". Air Force Space & Missile Museum. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  3. ^ a b Craig Covault (Oct 27, 2008). "Boeing Joins Commercial Athena III Program". Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Coming to the Space Coast". Blue Origin. 2015-09-15. Retrieved 2016-06-28. 
  5. ^ Messier, Doug (11 February 2014). "ATK to Upgrade Space Florida's Launch Complex 46". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Complex 46". robsv.com. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  7. ^ "HISTORIC AMERICAN ENGINEERING RECORD, CAPE CANAVERAL AIR FORCE STATION, LAUNCH COMPLEX 34 OPERATIONS SUPPORT BUILDING" (PDF). National Aeronautic and Space Administration. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 

External links[edit]