List of Cape Canaveral and Merritt Island launch sites
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (December 2010)|
John F. Kennedy Space Center
The civilian John F. Kennedy Space Center, operated by NASA, has one launch complex with two pads on Merritt Island. From 1968–1975, it was the site of 13 Saturn V launches, three manned Skylab flights and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project; all Space Shuttle flights from 1981–2011, and 1 Ares 1-X flight in 2009.
|Launch Complex 39A||NASA has leased LC-39A to SpaceX;
SpaceX is in pad redesign process
|Prior: Saturn V, Space Shuttle
Future: crewed Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy
|Launch Complex 39B||Inactive||Prior: Saturn V, Saturn IB (Skylab and Apollo-Soyuz), Space Shuttle
Future: Space Launch System
The military Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS), operated by the 45th Space Wing of the U.S. Air Force, was the site of all pre-Apollo 8 manned launches, as well as many other early Department of Defense (DoD) and NASA launches. For the DoD, it plays a secondary role to Vandenberg AFB in California, but is the launch site for many NASA unmanned space probes, as those spacecraft are typically launched on Air Force launchers. Active launch vehicles are in bold.
Much of the support activity for CCAFS occurs at Patrick Air Force Base to the south, its reporting base.
|Space Launch Complex 13||Pending||Current: SpaceX Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy first stage landing site
Formerly: Atlas, Atlas Agena
|Space Launch Complex 40||Active||Current: Falcon 9 cargo and satellite missions
Formerly: Titan III, Titan IV
|Space Launch Complex 41||Active||Current: Atlas V
Formerly: Titan III, Titan IV
|Space Launch Complex 37B||Active||Current: Delta IV
Formerly: Saturn I, Saturn IB
As of 2008[update], the U.S. Air Force committed to lease Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 36 to Space Florida for future use by the Athena III launch system. It is not known if the plan was subsequently implemented.[dated info]
|Space Launch Complex 36A||Currently Inactive||Atlas/Centaur, Atlas II|
|Space Launch Complex 36B||Currently Inactive||Atlas, Atlas II, Atlas III|
|Space Launch Complex 46||Pending Reactivation||Athena (previous and future), Trident II|
|Atlantic Missile Range drop zone||Inactive||High Virgo, Bold Orion, Hound Dog, Skybolt|
|Grand Turk Island drop zone||Inactive|
|Mobile Launch Area||Inactive||Lark, Matador, MX-775, Snark|
|SLBM Launch Area||Inactive||Polaris, Poseidon, Trident|
|Shuttle Landing Facility||Active||Pegasus|
|Cape Canaveral AFS Skid Strip||Active||Navaho, Pegasus, Pegasus XL|
- "SpaceX to bid for rights to historic NASA launch pad". Phys.org. 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-12-15.
- Boyle, Alan (2013-12-13). "SpaceX wins NASA's nod to take over historic Launch Pad 39A". NBC News. Retrieved 2013-12-18.
- Gruss, Mike. "SpaceX Leases Florida Launch Pad for Falcon Landings". Spacenews. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
- "Launch Complex 29". Air Force Space & Missile Museum. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
- Craig Covault (Oct 27, 2008). "Boeing Joins Commercial Athena III Program". Retrieved 2010-12-23.
- Messier, Doug (11 February 2014). "ATK to Upgrade Space Florida's Launch Complex 46". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 24 December 2014.