List of heads of government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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This is the list of the Heads of Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) since independence in 1960. The current head of government is Prime Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo, since 18 April 2012.

Heads of Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1960–present)[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Republic of the Congo (1960–1964)[edit]

Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Prime Ministers
1 Patrice Lumumba Anefo 910-9740 De Congolese2.jpg 1925–1961 24 June 1960 5 September 1960 Congolese National Movement (Lumumba)
2 Joseph Iléo No image.svg 1921–1994 5 September 1960 20 September 1960 Congolese National Movement (Kalonji)
Chairmen of the Board of Commissioners-General
3 Albert Ndele No image.svg 1930– 20 September 1960 3 October 1960 Independent
4 Justin Marie Bomboko Anefo 911-6367 Aankomst op.jpg 1928–2014 4 October 1960 9 February 1961 Independent
Prime Ministers
Antoine Gizenga
(disputed)[1]
Antoine Gizenga.jpg 1925– 13 December 1960 5 August 1961 Congolese National Movement (Lumumba)
(2) Joseph Iléo No image.svg 1921–1994 9 February 1961 2 August 1961 Congolese National Movement (Kalonji)
5 Cyrille Adoula Cyrille Adoula 1963.jpg 1921–1978 2 August 1961 30 June 1964 Congolese National Movement
6 Moise Tshombe Moise Tshombe cropped.jpg 1919–1969 10 July 1964 1 August 1964 CONAKAT

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1964–1971)[edit]

Prime Ministers
(6) Moise Tshombe Moise Tshombe cropped.jpg 1919–1969 1 August 1964 13 October 1965 CONAKAT
7 Évariste Kimba No image.svg 1926–1966 18 October 1965 14 November 1965 BALUBAKAT
8 Léonard Mulamba[2] No image.svg 1928–1986 25 November 1965 26 October 1966 Military
Post Abolished (26 October 1966 – 27 October 1971)

Republic of Zaire (1971–1997)[edit]

Post Abolished (27 October 1971 – 6 July 1977)
First State Commissioners
9 Mpinga Kasenda No image.svg 1937–1994 6 July 1977 6 March 1979 Popular Movement of the Revolution
10 Bo-Boliko Lokonga Monse Mihambo No image.svg 1934– 6 March 1979 27 August 1980 Popular Movement of the Revolution
11 Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond No image.svg 1938–2003 27 August 1980 23 April 1981[3] Popular Movement of the Revolution
12 N'singa Udjuu Ongwabeki Untubu No image.svg 1934– 23 April 1981 5 November 1982 Popular Movement of the Revolution
13 Kengo Wa Dondo Léon Kengo Senate of Poland 01.JPG 1935– 5 November 1982 31 October 1986 Popular Movement of the Revolution
Vacant (31 October 1986 – 22 January 1987)
14 Mabi Mulumba No image.svg 1941– 22 January 1987 7 March 1988 Popular Movement of the Revolution
15 Sambwa Pida Nbagui No image.svg 1940–1998 7 March 1988 26 November 1988 Popular Movement of the Revolution
(13) Kengo Wa Dondo Léon Kengo Senate of Poland 01.JPG 1935– 26 November 1988 4 May 1990 Popular Movement of the Revolution
16 Lunda Bululu No image.svg 1942– 4 May 1990 5 July 1990 Popular Movement of the Revolution
Prime Ministers[4]
Lunda Bululu No image.svg 1942– 5 July 1990 1 April 1991 Popular Movement of the Revolution
17 Mulumba Lukoji No image.svg 1943–1997 1 April 1991 29 September 1991[5] Popular Movement of the Revolution
18 Étienne Tshisekedi Étienne Tshisekedi.jpg 1932– 29 September 1991 1 November 1991 Union for Democracy and Social Progress
19 Bernardin Mungul Diaka No image.svg 1933–1999 1 November 1991 25 November 1991 Democratic Assembly for the Republic
(11) Jean Nguza Karl-i-Bond No image.svg 1938–2003 25 November 1991 15 August 1992 Union of Federalists and Independent Republicans
(18) Étienne Tshisekedi Étienne Tshisekedi.jpg 1932– 15 August 1992 18 March 1993 Union for Democracy and Social Progress
20 Faustin Birindwa No image.svg 1943–1999 18 March 1993 14 January 1994 Union for Democracy and Social Progress
(13) Kengo Wa Dondo Léon Kengo Senate of Poland 01.JPG 1935– 6 July 1994 2 April 1997 Union of Independent Democrats
(18) Étienne Tshisekedi Étienne Tshisekedi.jpg 1932– 2 April 1997 9 April 1997 Union for Democracy and Social Progress
21 Likulia Bolongo No image.svg 1939– 9 April 1997 16 May 1997[6] Military

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1997–present)[edit]

Post Abolished (16 May 1997 – 30 December 2006)
Prime Ministers
22 Antoine Gizenga Antoine Gizenga.jpg 1925– 30 December 2006 10 October 2008 Unified Lumumbist Party
23 Adolphe Muzito Adolphe Muzito - 2009.jpg 1957– 10 October 2008 6 March 2012 Unified Lumumbist Party
Louis Alphonse Koyagialo
Acting Prime Minister
No image.svg 1947–2014 6 March 2012 18 April 2012 Unified Lumumbist Party
24 Augustin Matata Ponyo Matata Ponyo Mapon.jpg 1964– 18 April 2012 Incumbent Unified Lumumbist Party

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rebel government at Stanleyville, during the Congo Crisis
  2. ^ Chief of Staff since October 1964, until named Prime Minister after coup of 25 November 1965. Removed from premiership 26 October 1966, following pressure from army high command. Mobutu became head of government as well as head of state. Born Kasai 1930, Joined Force publique 1949, Sergeant Major by 1960, quickly became an officer. 1962 assigned to command the 3rd Groupement at Kisangani. 'Gained international fame for.. defence of Bukavu and for conducting one of the most decisive battles of the 1964 north-east revolution. When Kisangani was recaptured from rebel forces in 1964 he was named military governor of the entire northeastern region.' 'General Mulamba has always enjoyed great popularity with the troops. He is known for his straightforward approach to problems. He has a sizeable farm outside Kinshasa to which, he has said, he would like to retire some day.'(Sydney Taylor, The New Africans, 1967, p.102)
  3. ^ Fled into exile while on an official visit to Belgium
  4. ^ Note: After Law No. 90-002 of 5 July 1990 was promulgated, the position of "First State Commissioner" was replaced with "Prime Minister." See Articles 94 — 98 of the Constitution of Zaire (as amended by Law No. 90-002) for details. Source
  5. ^ Resigned after the military riots in Kinshasa
  6. ^ Deposed in the First Congo War

External links[edit]