Corruption in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Corruption in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, once legendary, has diminished in recent years, but continues to exceed corruption in most states. The BBC's DRC country profile calls its recent history "one of civil war and corruption."[1] President Joseph Kabila established the Commission of Repression of Economic Crimes upon his ascension to power in 2001.[2]

History[edit]

Mobutu Sese Seko ruled Zaire from 1965 to 1997, looting his country's wealth for personal use to such a degree that critics coined the term "kleptocracy". A relative once explained how the government illicitly collected revenue: "Mobutu would ask one of us to go to the bank and take out a million. We'd go to an intermediary and tell him to get five million. He would go to the bank with Mobutu's authority, and take out ten. Mobutu got one, and we took the other nine."[3] Mobutu institutionalized corruption to prevent political rivals from challenging his control, leading to an economic collapse in 1996.[4] Mobutu allegedly stole up to US$4 billion while in office.[5]

Corruption Perception Index[edit]

Year Ranking Countries ranked Rating
2004 133 145 2.0[6] -
2005 144 158 2.1[7] -
2006 156 163 2.0[8] -
2007 168 179 1.9[9] -
2008 171 180 1.7[10] -

In 2015 Transparency International ranked the DRC 147 out of 167 countries in the Corruption Perception Index, tying Chad and the Republic of the Congo with a score of 22/100.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DR Congo country profile". 10 February 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Werve, Jonathan (2006). The Corruption Notebooks 2006. p. 57. 
  3. ^ Ludwig, Arnold M. (2002). King of the Mountain: The Nature of Political Leadership. p. 72. 
  4. ^ Nafziger, E. Wayne; Raimo Frances Stewart (2000). War, Hunger, and Displacement: The Origins of Humanitarian Emergencies. p. 261. 
  5. ^ Mesquita, Bruce Bueno de (2003). The Logic of Political Survival. p. 167. 
  6. ^ 2004/cpi/surveys_indices/policy_research
  7. ^ 2005/cpi/surveys_indices/policy_research
  8. ^ 2006/cpi/surveys_indices/policy_research
  9. ^ 2007/cpi/surveys_indices/policy_research
  10. ^ 2008/cpi/surveys_indices/policy_research
  11. ^ e.V. "Transparency International - The Global Anti-Corruption Coalition". www.transparency.org. Transparency International. Retrieved 2016-11-04. 

External links[edit]

A world map of the 2015 Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International