Corruption in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Corruption in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, once legendary, has diminished in recent years, but continues to exceed corruption in most states.

Mobutu Sese Seko ruled Zaire from 1965 to 1997, looting his country's wealth for personal use to such a degree that critics coined the term "kleptocracy". A relative once explained how the government illicitly collected revenue: "Mobutu would ask one of us to go to the bank and take out a million. We'd go to an intermediary and tell him to get five million. He would go to the bank with Mobutu's authority, and take out ten. Mobutu got one, and we took the other nine."[1] Mobutu institutionalized corruption to prevent political rivals from challenging his control, leading to an economic collapse in 1996.[2] Mobutu allegedly stole up to US$4 billion while in office.[3]

President Joseph Kabila established the Commission of Repression of Economic Crimes upon his ascension to power in 2001.[4]

Corruption Perception Index[edit]

Year Ranking Countries ranked Rating
2004 133 145 2.0[5] -
2005 144 158 2.1[6] -
2006 156 163 2.0[7] -
2007 168 179 1.9[8] -
2008 171 180 1.7[9] -

In 2006 Transparency International ranked Angola 156 out of 163 countries in the Corruption Perception Index, tying Bangladesh, Chad, and Sudan with a 2.0 rating.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ludwig, Arnold M. (2002). King of the Mountain: The Nature of Political Leadership. p. 72. 
  2. ^ Nafziger, E. Wayne; Raimo Frances Stewart (2000). War, Hunger, and Displacement: The Origins of Humanitarian Emergencies. p. 261. 
  3. ^ Mesquita, Bruce Bueno de (2003). The Logic of Political Survival. p. 167. 
  4. ^ Werve, Jonathan (2006). The Corruption Notebooks 2006. p. 57. 
  5. ^ 2004/cpi/surveys_indices/policy_research
  6. ^ 2005/cpi/surveys_indices/policy_research
  7. ^ 2006/cpi/surveys_indices/policy_research
  8. ^ 2007/cpi/surveys_indices/policy_research
  9. ^ 2008/cpi/surveys_indices/policy_research
  10. ^ J. Graf Lambsdorff (2006). "Corruption Perceptions Index 2006". Transparency International. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 

External links[edit]

A world map of the 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International