List of individual elephants

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This is a list of historical elephants by name.

A - F[edit]

G - O[edit]

  • Hanno the elephant, pet elephant of Pope Leo X
  • Hansken, toured many European countries from 1637 to 1655 demonstrating circus tricks
  • Hattie of New York City's Central Park Zoo, in 1903 was described as the "most intelligent of all elephants"[2]
  • John L. Sullivan (1860? – 1932), the boxing elephant in Adam Forepaugh's circus. In 1922, he made a pilgrimage from Madison Square Garden to the Elephant Hotel in Somers, New York, to pay tribute to Old Bet the elephant.
  • Jumbo, P. T. Barnum's elephant whose name is the origin of the word jumbo (meaning "very large" or "oversized"). The African elephant was given the name Jumbo by zookeepers at the London Zoo. The name was most likely derived from the Swahili word jumbe meaning "chief". The Tufts University mascot is named after Jumbo. In Mysore, India Vijayadashami Elephant procession during Dasara is called as Jumbo Savari (referred to as Jumbo Savari by the British during their control of Mysore State). The original name to this procession is Jumbi Savari (going to the Banni(Shami)tree). Now Goddess Chamundeshwari is taken in procession on an Elephant. But the "Jumbo" name is still intact. Jumbo was the name of another elephant, used by John Hoyte et al. to cross the Alps in 1959 to retrace Hannibal's march across the Alps.
  • Kandula, the legendary royal war elephant of Sri Lanka was given to the infant prince Dutugamunu in the 2nd century BC. The king and his elephant grew up together. A Sri Lankan elephant born November 25, 2001, at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C. is named after Kandula.
  • Kesavan, an Indian elephant which was associated with the Guruvayur temple in Kerala, India. The elephant was known for its extremely devout behaviour.
  • Kolakolli, an Indian rogue elephant from Peppara sanctuary that died in captivity in 2006.
  • Lallah Rookh, an elephant with Dan Rice's circus. She died in 1860 soon after swimming across the Ohio River.
  • Lizzie, who in 1916-1918 worked hauling goods in Sheffield in England.
  • Lin Wang, a Burmese elephant that served with the Chinese Expeditionary Force during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and later moved to Taiwan with the Kuomintang army. Lin Wang became a fond childhood memory among many Taiwanese. When he died in 2003, he was (and still is) the longest-living captive elephant at 86.
  • Mary a.k.a. "Mighty Mary" and "Murderous Mary", a circus elephant executed on September 13, 1916, in Erwin, Tennessee. She was hanged by a railroad derrick car at the Clinchfield Railroad yard. This is the only known elephant hanging in history. Mary, who toured with the Sparks World Famous Shows circus, killed her inexperienced keeper, Walter "Red" Eldridge, on September 12, 1916, during a circus parade in Kingsport, Tennessee. Eldridge had supposedly hit Mary's tusk or ear when she wandered from the parade line to eat a piece of discarded watermelon.
  • Mona - euthanized June 21, 2007 at the Birmingham Zoo in Birmingham, Alabama. Thought, at 60, to have been the oldest Asian elephant in the United States. After the death of her companion, Susie, Mona's health and living conditions were the subject of a long campaign to have her transferred out of the zoo to a sanctuary.
  • Motty, the only confirmed Asian/African hybrid elephant; survived for just 12 days
  • Old Bet, an early American circus elephant owned by Hachaliah Bailey. On July 24, 1816, she was shot and killed while on tour near Alfred, Maine, by a farmer who thought it was sinful for poor people to waste money on a traveling circus. Old Bet's owner responded by building a three story memorial called the Elephant Hotel which now serves as a town hall.[3]
  • Osama bin Laden, a rogue elephant which killed at least 27 people in India from 2004 to 2006, and another that was active until killed in 2008

P - Z[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Echo: An Elephant to Remember". NATURE. Educational Broadcasting Corporation; PBS ONLINE. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Her Cleverness is a Revelation to Trainers: why, she understands English" (PDF). The New York Times. June 19, 1904. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  3. ^ Scigliano, Eric. Love, War, and Circuses: the age old relationship between elephants and humans, Houghton Mifflin, 2002, p. 182.
  4. ^ Lanka Library page
  5. ^ Largest Asian Elephant May Be Dead