List of missionaries to Hawaii

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Missionaries preaching under kukui groves, 1841

This is a list of missionaries to Hawaii. Before European exploration, the Hawaiian religion was brought from Tahiti by Paʻao according to oral tradition. Notable missionaries with written records below are generally Christian.

Protestant[edit]

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions[edit]

Several groups were sent from the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. The first company arrived on March 30, 1820 on the Thaddeus from Boston:[1][2]

Hiram Bingham I
  • Rev. Hiram Bingham I (1789–1869), father of Hiram Bingham II and grandfather of Hiram Bingham III
  • Rev. Asa Thurston (1787–1868), grandfather of businessman and politician Lorrin A. Thurston
  • Lucy Goodale Thurston, wife of Asa Thurston
  • Rev. Samuel Ruggles (1795–1871), who brought the first Kona coffee trees to Hawaii in 1828
  • Elisha Loomis (1799–1836), the first printer in Hawaii[3]
  • Samuel Whitney (1793–1845), father of Henry Martyn Whitney
  • Mercy Partridge (1795–1872), wife of Samuel Whitney
  • Thomas Holman (1793–1826), doctor
  • Lucia Ruggles Holman (1793–1886), wife of Thomas Holman and sister to Samuel Ruggles

The second ABCFM company arrived on April 23, 1823 on the Thames from New Haven:[4]

Lorrin Andrews

The third ABCFM company arrived on March 30, 1828 on the Parthian from Boston:[6]

The fourth ABCFM company arrived June 7, 1831 on the New England from New Bedford:[7]

The fifth ABCFM company arrived May 17, 1832 on the Averick from Boston:[9]

Cochran Forbes
  • Edmund Horton Rogers (1806–1853), printer
  • Rev. Ephraim Spaulding (1802–1840), who built the house at Waineʻe Church, and wife Julia Brooks (1810–1898)

The sixth ABCFM company arrived on May 1, 1833 on the Mentor:[10]

  • Rev. John Diell (1808–1841) and wife Caroline Platt (1807–1901)
  • Lemuel Fuller (1810–?), printer
  • Rev. Benjamin Wyman Parker (1803–1877) and wife Mary Elizabeth Barker (1805-?)
  • Rev. Lowell Smith (1802–1891) and wife Abba Willis Tenney (1809–1885), the grandparents of industrialist Walter F. Dillingham

The seventh ABCFM company arrived on June 6, 1835 on the Hellespont:[11]

  • Miss Lydia Brown (1780–1865), teacher
  • Rev. Titus Coan (1808–1881), first pastor of Haili Church in Hilo[12] and first wife Fidelia Church (1810–1872)
  • Henry Dimond (1808–1895), bookbinder, and wife Ann Maria Anner (1808–1893)
  • Edwin Oscar Hall (1810–1883), printer, and first wife Sarah Lyons Williams (1812–1876)
  • Miss Elizabeth M. Hitchcock (1802–1857), teacher, married Edmund Horton Rogers as his second wife

The eighth ABCFM company arrived on April 9, 1837 on the Mary Frasier from Boston:[13]

  • Physician Seth Lathrop Andrews (1809–1892) and wife Parnelly Pierce (1807–1846)
  • Teacher Edward Bailey (1814–1903) and wife Caroline Hubbard (1814–1894)
  • Rev. Isaac Bliss (1804–1851) and wife Emily Curtis (1811–1865)
  • Samuel Northrup Castle (1808–1894), who co-founded Castle & Cooke, and first wife Angeline Tenney (1810–1841)
  • Rev. Daniel Toll Conde (1807–1897) and wife Andelucia Lee (1810–1855)
  • Amos Starr Cooke (1810–1871) and wife Juliette Montague (1812–1896), who founded the Royal School in Honolulu
  • Rev. Mark Ives (1809–1885) and wife Mary Ann Brainerd (1810–1882)
  • Teacher Edward Johnson (1813–1867) and wife Lois S. Hoyt (1809–1891)
  • Teacher Horton Owen Knapp (1813–1845) and wife Charlotte Close (1813–1846)
  • Rev. Thomas Lafon (1801–1876) and wife Sophia Louisa Parker (1812–1844)
  • Teacher Edwin Locke (1813–1843) and wife Martha Laurens Rowell (1812–1842)
  • Teacher Charles MacDonald (1812–1839) and wife Harriet Treadwell Halstead (1810–1881)
  • Teacher Bethuel Munn (1803–1849) and wife Louisa Clark (1810–1841)
  • Miss Marcia M. Smith (1806–1896), teacher
  • Miss Lucia Garratt Smith (1808–1892), teacher, later married to as his second wife Lorenzo Lyons
  • Teacher William Sanford Van Duzee (1811–1883) and Oral Hobart (1814–1891)
  • Teacher Abner Wilcox (1808–1869) and wife Lucy Eliza Hart (1814–1869)
John D. Paris

The ninth ABCFM company arrived on May 21, 1841 on the Gloucester:[14]

The tenth ABCFM company arrived on September 24, 1842 on the Sarah Abagail from Boston:[15]

  • Rev. George Berkeley Rowell (1815–1884) and wife Malvina Jerusha Chapin (1816–1901)
  • Physician James William Smith (1810–1887) and teacher Millicent Knapp (1816–1891), parents of William Owen Smith (1848–1929)

Arrived on October 19, 1842 on the Sarah Abagail from New York:

Arrived on September 21, 1843 from Boston, originally intended on going to Oregon:

  • Rev. Asa Bowen Smith (1809–1886) and wife Sarah Gilbert White (1813–1855)

The eleventh ABCFM company arrived July 15, 1844 on the Globe from Boston:[16]

  • Rev. Claudius Buchanan Andrews (1818–1877)
  • Rev. Timothy Dwight Hunt (1840–1895) and wife Mary Hedges (died 1857)
  • Rev. John Fawcett Pogue (1814–1877)
  • Rev. Eliphalet Whittlesey (1816–1889) and wife Elizabeth Keane Baldwin (1821–1876)

The twelfth ABCFM company arrived February 26, 1848 on the Samoset from Boston:[17]

  • Rev. Samuel Gelston Dwight (1815–1880), stationed in Kaluaaha
  • Rev. Henry Kinney (1816–1854) and wife Maria Louisa Walsworth (1822–1858), who later married Benjamin Pitman after her husband's death

Arrived in 1854, intended for Micronesia on the Chaica:

London Missionary Society[edit]

From the London Missionary Society (deputation of British missionaries and Tahitian teachers on their way to theMarquesas), they arrive from Tabiti on April 16 and returned to Tahiti on August 27, 1822 on the Mermaid:[19]

  • Rev, Daniel Tyerman
  • Rev. George Bennet
  • Rev. William Ellis (1794–1872), who returned on February 4, 1823 on the Active, toured the islands, and published a book about the tour. He left after about eighteen months in the islands.[19][20]
  • Anna and Matatore, Tahitian chiefs and teacher, part of 1822 LMS brief stay
  • Taua and Tute, Tute, Tahitian teachers, part of 1823 LMS arrival

Anglican Church[edit]

  • Bishop Thomas Nettleship Staley (1823–1898), the first Anglican bishop, arrived in 1862.
  • Bishop Alfred Willis (1836–1920), the second Anglican bishop, arrived in 1872
  • Archdeacon George Mason, founder of ʻIolani School, part of the first Anglican mission under Bishop Staley
  • Rev. Edmund Ibbotson, founder of ʻIolani School, part of the first Anglican mission under Bishop Staley
  • Rev. William Richard Scott, founder of ʻIolani School (on Lahaina)
  • Rev. Joseph James Elkington
  • Rev. Alexander Mackintosh, Canon of the St. Andrew's and principal of the Royal School for many years.
  • Rev. Thomas Harris (1841–1907), Dean of Honolulu from 1868 to 1870.[21]

Other groups[edit]

From The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, arriving on December 12, 1850 on the Imaum of Muscat from San Francisco:[22]

  • Hiram Clark
  • Henry Bigler
  • Hiram Blackwell
  • George Q. Cannon
  • John Dixon
  • William Farrer
  • James Hawkins
  • James Keeler
  • Thomas Morris
  • Thomas Whittle

Methodist Episcopal Church

Native Hawaiian Protestant[edit]

Native Hawaiian missionary family, c. 1878
  • David Malo (1793–1853), historian, built Kilolani Church
  • Henry ʻŌpūkahaʻia, who traveled via China to New England to inspire ACFM
  • James Kekela, first ordained Hawaiian Protestant minister
  • Bartimeus Lalana Puaʻaiki, first Hawaiian licensed to preach
  • Thomas Hopu, educated at Foreign Mission School and assisted the first ABCFM company
  • John Honolii, educated at Foreign Mission School and assisted the first ABCFM company
  • William Kanui, educated at Foreign Mission School and assisted the first ABCFM company
  • William Kamooula, educated at Foreign Mission School and assisted the second ABCFM company
  • Richard Kalaioulu, educated at Foreign Mission School and assisted the second ABCFM company
  • Kupelii, educated at Foreign Mission School and assisted the second ABCFM company
  • George Tyler Kielaa, educated at Foreign Mission School and assisted the third ABCFM company
  • Samuel J. Mills Paloo, educated at Foreign Mission School and assisted the third ABCFM company
  • John E. Phelps Kalaaauluna, educated at Foreign Mission School and assisted the third ABCFM company
  • Jonathan Napela, Uaua and Kaleohano, early Mormon convers, who would later serve as prominent missionaries and leaders in the LDS Church.[23]
  • William Hoapili Kaʻauwai (1835–1874), only Native Hawaiian to be ordained a priest of the Anglican Church of Hawaii in 1864

Tahitian Protestant[edit]

  • Stephen Popohe, educated at Foreign Mission School and assisted the second ABCFM company
  • Henry Tahiti, educated at Foreign Mission School and assisted the third ABCFM company
  • Tute Tehuiariʻi, accompanied Ellis of the London Missionary Society, chaplain to Hawaiian royalty and father of Manaiula Tehuiarii
  • Taua, accompanied Ellis of the London Missionary Society
  • Taʻamotu, female teacher, accompanied Ellis of the London Missionary Society
  • Toteta, Tahitian teacher
  • Auna, Tahitian teacher
  • Daniel Kahikona, Tahitian teacher

Catholic[edit]

Episcopal arms of Bishop Rouchouze in a window at the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace, Honolulu

Arrived in 1827 on La Comète from France on an invitation issued by Jean Baptiste Rives:

Subsequent bishops and priests:

Father Damien, SS.CC., in his later years, already afflicted with Hansen's disease
Bishop Herman Koeckemann, SS.CC.

Also:

  • Mother Marianne Cope, O.S.F., (1838–1918), who led a group of Sisters from her religious congregation in answer to a plea by the King for nursing care of leprosy victims, and who eventually went to Molokai to help Father Damien in his last days and continue his work; beatified by the Catholic Church in 2005, canonized in October 2012
  • Brother Joseph Dutton (1843–19310), a lay brother who assisted in Father Damien's work and lived on Molokai from 1886 to his death.

Hawaiian Catholics:

  • Helio Koaeloa (1815–1846), an early Catholic lay catechist known as the "Apostle of Maui".
  • Petero Mahoe, early Hawaiian catechist
  • Marie Leahi, early Hawaiian catechumen

Orthodox[edit]

  • Protopresbyter Jacob Korchinsky (1861–1941), founded the Russian Orthodox Mission in Honolulu, Hawaii in 1915. He was executed by Soviet authorities in August 1941. He is under consideration for sainthood in the Russian Orthodox Church.[24]
  • Archimandrite Innokenty Dronoff (+1930s to 1940s), served the Russian Orthodox Community in the Hawaiian Islands in the 1930s to 1940s. His final resting place is unknown. He was based primarily out of Hilo, Hawaii.[25]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 1.
  2. ^ Orramel Hinckley Gulick (1918). The pilgrims of Hawaii: their own story of their pilgrimage from New England. Fleming H. Revell company. pp. 341–347. ISBN 0-524-09143-9. 
  3. ^ James R. Davis. "Hawaiian Missionaries". Rootsweb.Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 
  4. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 11.
  5. ^ Stewart, Charles Samuel; Ellis, William (1828). Journal of a Residence in the Sandwich Islands, During the Years 1823, 1824, and 1825 (1st ed.). London: H. Fisher, Son, and P. Jackson. 
  6. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 20.
  7. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 28.
  8. ^ Sheldon Dibble (1843). History of the Sandwich Islands. Lahainaluna: Press of the Mission Seminary. 
  9. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 33.
  10. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 44.
  11. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 49.
  12. ^ Coan, Titus (1882). Life in Hawaii. New York: Anson Randolph & Company. ISBN 0-8370-6036-2. 
  13. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 54.
  14. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 71.
  15. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 76.
  16. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 81.
  17. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 86.
  18. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 93.
  19. ^ a b Hawaiian Mission Children's Society 1901, p. 9.
  20. ^ William Ellis (1823). "A journal of a tour around Hawai'i, the largest of the Sandwich Islands". Crocker and Brewster, New York, republished 2004, Mutual Publishing, Honolulu. ISBN 1-56647-605-4. 
  21. ^ Pascoe, Charles Frederick (1894). Classified Digest of the Records of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 1701-1892. London: Published at the Society's Office. p. 908. OCLC 1618798. 
  22. ^ Bureau of Information 1964, pp. 3.
  23. ^ LDS Church Almanac 2010 Edition, p. 331
  24. ^ "Fr. Jacob Korchinsky: Missionary and Martyr". 
  25. ^ ""From Island to Island with the Word of God on His Lips" How the Only Orthodox Priest on the Islands Lives and Works". 

References[edit]