List of shorthand systems

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This is a list of shorthands, both modern and ancient. Currently, only one shorthand (Duployan) has been given an ISO code, in preparation for inclusion in the Unicode Standard, although the Tironian et has already been included in Unicode.

Script name ISO 15924 Year created Creator Primary languages Notes
Abbreviated Longhand[1] 1908 Angus Weaver English
Abbreviatrix 1945 William Paul Mishkin
Alpha Hand[2]
Bezenšek Shorthand[4] 1923 Anton Bezenšek Bulgarian
Boyd's Syllabic Shorthand[5] 1903 Robert Boyd
Brachygraphy[6] 1672 Samuel Shelton English Based on Thomas Shelton's Tachygraphy from whom he first learned shorthand.
Burnz' Fonic Shorthand 1896 Eliza Boardman Burnz
Carissimi Shorthand[7] 1940 Juan Antonio Carissimi Spanish
Caton Scientific Shorthand[8][9] Thomas Jasper Caton
Century 21 Shorthand[10]
Current Shorthand[11] 1892 Henry Sweet
Cursive Shorthand[12] 1889 Hugh Longbourne Callendar English
Dacomb Shorthand[13] 1934 B. E. Dacomb
Dement's Aristography[14][15] 1896 Isaac Strange Dement
Deutsche Einheitskurzschrift[16] 1924 Used in Germany.
Duployé Shorthand[17] Dupl 755 1868 Émile Duployé French, English, Chinook Jargon
Dutton Speedwords[18] 1922 Reginald J. G. Dutton Intended as an International auxiliary language.
EasyScript Speed Writing[19]
Eclectic Shorthand[20] 1878 J.G. Cross
Forkner shorthand[21] 1952 Hamden L. Forkner
Gabelsberger shorthand[22] 1817 (approx.) Franz Xaver Gabelsberger
Graham shorthand[23]
Gregg Shorthand[24] 1888 John Robert Gregg
Gregg Computer Shorthand /
Productivity Plus[25]
Groote[26] A.W. Groote Dutch
Herout-Mikulík[27] Alois Herout and Svojmír Mikulík Czech Used in the Czech parliament.
Hy-Speed Longhand[28] 1932 Andrew Graham Sexton & R. B. Sexton English
Legible Shorthand[29] 1882 Edward Pocknell English
Malone Shorthand[30]
Melin Shorthand[31] 1880 Olof Werling Melin Swedish Dominant Shorthand system in Sweden.
Merrill Shorthand[32][33] 1942 Albert Merrill English Also called ABC shorthand.
Munson Shorthand[34] 1867 James Eugene Munson
National Simplex Shorthand[35] 1919 Rev. Percival Hubert Chase
Natural Shorthand[36] 1917 August Mengelkamp English
New Art of Real Shorthand[37] 1919 John Malham-Dembleby
New Rapid[38] 1890 C.E. McKee
Paragon Shorthand[39] 1895 A. Lichtentag
Personal Shorthand[40] Carl W. Salser, C. Theo Yerian, Mark R. Salser English Originally called "Briefhand."
Pitman Shorthand[41] 1837 Isaac Pitman English
Polygraphy[42] 1747 Aulay Macaulay
Reformed Phonetic Short-Hand[43] 1868 Andrew J. Marsh
Simson Shorthand[44] 1881 James Simson English
Speedwriting[45] 1924 Emma Dearborn English
State Unified Stenography System (GESS) 1937 N. N. Sokolov Russian Used in the Soviet Union; also adapted for English, French, and some of the languages of the Soviet Union.
Stenoscript 1950 Manuel C. Avancena English
Stiefografie[46] 1966 Helmut Stief German Used in Germany.
Tachygraphy[48] 1626 Thomas Shelton English, French, German Originally called "Short-Writing."
Teeline Shorthand[49] 1968 James Hill English
Thomas Natural Shorthand[50] 1935 Charles A. Thomas English
Tironian notes[51] 63 BC Marcus Tullius Tiro Latin
Typed Shorthand[52] 1917 William Baines English Also known as Baines' Typed Shorthand.
Universal Stenography[53] 1786 Samuel Taylor
Universal English Shorthand[54] about 1740 John Byrom English
Wang-Krogdahl's system[55] 1936 Leif Wang and Olav Krogdahl Used in the Norwegian parliament.
Zeiglographia 1650 Thomas Shelton English


  1. ^ Weaver, Angus (1908). Abbreviated Shorthand. Internet Archive: Angus Weaver, Buffalo, New York.
  2. ^ Rosen, Steve; Palmer, Rose (1980), Alpha hand, Dictation Disc Co, OCLC 6862153
  3. ^ Gresham, Anne (2001), AgiliWriting : 21st century shorthand, AgiliTyping, ISBN 978-1-872968-02-5
  4. ^ Bezenšek, Anton; Gabelsberger, Franz Xaver; International Association of Stenographers (1907), Stammbuch des Gabelsbergerschen Systems. Bezenšek, Übertragung auf die südslavischen Sprachen (in German), Wolfenbüttel, Heckner, OCLC 36477209
  5. ^ Boyd, Robert (1903), Boyd's syllabic shorthand : an instructor and dictionary : a system of shorthand in which characters represent syllables, W.T. Moon, OCLC 36932375
  6. ^ Henderson, Frances (2008). "'Swifte and Secrete Writing' in Seventeenth-Century England, and Samuel Shelton's Brachygraphy" (PDF). The British Library. Retrieved 2017-05-04.
  7. ^ Carissimi, Juan Antonio (1940), Taquigrafía Carissimi, Biblioteca Nacional (Uruguay)
  8. ^ Caton, Thomas Jasper (1918), Caton scientific shorthand, Minneapolis, Minn., The Scientific Pub. Co., OCLC 11954097
  9. ^ Thomas Jasper Caton Scientific Shorthand 1915 edition
  10. ^ Christensen, Edward L (1974), Century 21 shorthand, Cincinnati, South-western Pub. Co, ISBN 978-0-538-18100-6
  11. ^ Sweet, Henry (1892), A manual of current shorthand orthographic and phonetic by Henry Sweet, Clarendon, OCLC 250138117
  12. ^ Callendar, Hugh (1889), A manual of cursive shorthand, C. J. Clay and Sons, OCLC 647172293
  13. ^ Joy, J; Dacomb, B E; Dacomb, C T (1962), Dacomb, the Australian shorthand, Dacomb College, OCLC 220975936
  14. ^ A system of shorthand writing combining the principles of straight joinable and insertable vowel strokes and curved consanant strokes, both being subject to similar rules of hooks and length
  15. ^ Dement's Aristography 2nd edition 1906
  16. ^ Czerny, Karl (1925), Umlernbuch auf die deutsche Einheitskurzschrift : Für Gabelsbergersche Stenographen (in German), Eigenverl, OCLC 72106122
  17. ^ Perrault, Denis R; Duploye, Emile; Gueguen, Jean Pierre; Pilling, James Constantine, La sténographie Duployé adaptée aux langues des sauvages de la Baie d'Hudson, des Postes Moose Factory, de New Post, d'Albany, de Waswanipi & de Mékiskan, Amérique du Nord / [between 1889 and 1895] (in French), OCLC 35787900
  18. ^ Dutton Speedwords dictionary : English-Speedwords and Speedwords-English, Dutton Publications, 1943, OCLC 36561079
  19. ^ Levin, Linda (1985), Easy Script simplified, Write Protect Pub, OCLC 17474827
  20. ^ Cross, J G (1879), Cross's eclectic short-hand: a new system, adapted both to general use and to verbatim reporting, Chicago, S.C. Griggs and Co. [1878], OCLC 2510784
  21. ^ Forkner, Hamden Landon (1955), Forkner alphabet shorthand; the only system of shorthand that combinesthe best features of symbols systems with easily written longhand letters, New York, Forkner Pub. Co, OCLC 58756777
  22. ^ Geiger, Alfred (1860), Stenography, or, Universal European shorthand on Gabelsberger's principles : as already introduced in Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Russia, Greece, Italy &c, Dresden, OCLC 41010411
  23. ^ Jackson, James O. (1974-01-21). "Presidential papers snarl began in 1797". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. Even so,scholars were troubled by some of the [President Woodrow] Wilson documents because of his habit of writing in Graham shorthand, an extinct system so little known as to be hieroglyphic today. Scholars examing Wilson papers in 1959 employed an 84-year-old man to decipher some of Wilson's notes. The old man was one of the few living persons who were familiar with the obsolete Graham system.
  24. ^ Gregg, John Robert; Power, Pearl A (1901), Gregg shorthand dictionary, Gregg Pub. Co, OCLC 23108068
  25. ^ Gregg computer shorthand for nonshorthand writers, New York: Gregg Division/McGraw-Hill Book Co, 1987, ISBN 978-0-07-022525-1
  26. ^ Groote, A W (1922), Boekdrukgedeelte reporterschrift. Vervolg op Stenografie voor iedereen; een alfabetisch kortschrift (in Dutch), Amsterdam, S.L. van Looy, OCLC 38743867
  27. ^ Mistrík, Jozef (1961), Stenografia : systém Herout-Mikulík : učebnica pre ekonomické školy a pre kurzy. 2 (in Czech), Bratislava, OCLC 320136077
  28. ^ Sexton, Andrew Graham (1932). Hy-Speed Longhand. Trenton, New Jersey: Hy-Speed Longhand Publishing Company.
  29. ^ Pocknell, Edward (1882). "Pocknell's Legible Shorthand". Google Books. Retrieved 2017-05-03.
  30. ^ Script phonography, 4th edition, Script Phonography Co., Limited, 1888, OCLC 493051954
  31. ^ Kökeritz, Helge (1929), Stenografi; Melins system (in Swedish), Hermods korrespondensinstitut, OCLC 19770187
  32. ^ Principles of ABC shorthand, Landmark edition ; series II, Bobbs-Merrill, 1975, ISBN 978-0-672-26132-9
  33. ^ Merrill, Albert H (1929), Merrill's business shorthand copyrighted, Los Angeles, A.H. Merrill, OCLC 28009717
  34. ^ Munson, James Eugene (1880), Munson's system of phonography. The phrase-book of practical phonography, containing a list of useful phrases, printed in phonographic outlines; a complete and thorough treatise on the art of phraseography ... etc, New York, J.E. Munson, OCLC 51625624
  35. ^ Chase, Percival Herbert (1919), The national simplex shorthand, Lincoln, Eng., Lincolnshire Chronicle, OCLC 45029671
  36. ^ Mengelkamp, August (1917), The Manual of Natural Shorthand Designed for Class or Self-Instruction - Fifth Improved Edition, Remsen, Iowa, USA, OCLC 262463989
  37. ^ Malham-Dembleby, John (1919), New art of real shorthand, Eccleshill, Bradford, Eng, OCLC 7807489
  38. ^ McKee, C E (1890), New rapid phonography : a complete connective-vowel system of short-hand, McKee Pub. House, OCLC 31366224
  39. ^ Lichtentag, A (1895), Lichtentag's paragon shorthand, Lichtentag, OCLC 1968213
  40. ^ Salser, Carl Walter; Yerian, C Theo (1968), Personal shorthand, National Book Co, OCLC 11720787
  41. ^ Isaac Pitman (1937), Pitman shorthand, Toronto, OCLC 35119343
  42. ^ Aulay Macaulay (1747), Polygraphy: or, Shorthand made easy to the meanest capacity (2 ed.), Printed for the author
  43. ^ Marsh, Andrew J; Twain, Mark (1868), Marsh's manual of reformed phonetic short-hand: being a complete guide to the best system of phonography and verbatim reporting, San Francisco, H. H. Bancroft & Company, OCLC 6193473
  44. ^ Simson, James (1881), Compend of syllabic shorthand: being a synopsis of the system, Ayr, Shorthand Institute, OCLC 45009130
  45. ^ Dearborn, Emma B (1927), Speedwriting, the natural shorthand, Brief English systems, inc., OCLC 4791648
  46. ^ Gunkel, Horst (1977), Stiefografie. Anleitung zum Selbststudium (in German), Verlag der Vereinigung Rationelle Stenografie Hanau, ISBN 3-921697-60-3
  47. ^ Lemaster, A James; Hankin, Ellen G (1990), SuperWrite : alphabetic writing system. Brief course, South-Western Pub. Co, ISBN 978-0-538-60527-4
  48. ^ Shelton, Thomas (1710). "Tachygraphy". Internet Archive. Retrieved 2017-05-04.
  49. ^ Hill, James (1968), Teeline: a method of fast writing, London, Heinemann Educational, OCLC 112342
  50. ^ Thomas, Charles A (1937), Thomas natural shorthand; a modern, progressive system of shorthand based on natural, already familiar writing lines, New York, Prentice-Hall, inc, OCLC 18220117
  51. ^ Mitzschke, Paul Gottfried; Lipsius, Justus; Heffley, Norman P (1882), Biography of the father of stenography, Marcus Tullius Tiro. Together with the Latin letter, "De notis," concerning the origin of shorthand, Brooklyn, N.Y, OCLC 11943552
  52. ^ Baines, William (1917). Typed Shorthand. Cooperstown, New York: Arthur H. Christ Co.
  53. ^ Taylor, Samuel (1786), An essay intended to establish a standard for an universal system of stenography, London, Printed for the author, OCLC 13966685
  54. ^ see: Ward's book of days: February 29th
  55. ^ Wang, Leif; Flagstad, Michael; Krogdahl, Olav (1947), Stenografi, Norsk korrespondenceskole