List of types of killing

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In the English language, terms for types of killing often end in the suffix -cide.

Killing of self[edit]

  • Suicide, intentional killing of your self
    • Autocide, suicide by automobile
    • Medicide, a suicide accomplished with the aid of a physician
    • Murder-suicide, a suicide committed immediately after one or more murders
    • Self-immolation, suicide as a form of protest, often by fire
    • Suicide by cop, acting in a threatening manner so as to provoke a lethal response from law enforcement

Killing of other people[edit]

All of these are considered types of homicide.

Killing of family[edit]

  • Avunculicide – the act of killing an uncle (Latin: avunculus "(maternal) uncle").
  • Familicide – is a multiple-victim homicide where a killer's spouse and children are slain (Latin: familia "family").
  • Filicide – the act of a parent killing their child (Latin: filius "son").
  • Fratricide – the act of killing a brother (Latin: frater "brother"); also, in military context, death by friendly fire.
  • Geronticide – the abandonment of the elderly to die, die by suicide or be killed.
  • Honour killing – the act of murdering a family member perceived to have brought disgrace to the family.
  • Infanticide – the act of killing a child within the first year of its life.
  • Mariticide – the act of killing one's husband.
  • Matricide – the act of killing one's mother (Latin: mater "mother").
  • Neonaticide – the act of killing an infant within the first twenty-four hours or month (varies by individual and jurisdiction) of its life.
  • Nepoticide – the act of killing one's nephew.
  • Parricide or parenticide – the killing of one's mother, father, or other close relative.
  • Patricide – the act of killing of one's father (Latin: pater "father").
  • Pedicide – the act of killing a child.
  • Prolicide – the act of killing one's own children.
  • Senicide – the killing of one's elderly family members when they can no longer work or become a burden (Latin: senex "old man").
  • Siblicide – the killing of an infant individual by its close relatives (full or half siblings).
  • Sororicide – the act of killing one's sister (Latin: soror "sister").
  • Uxoricide – the act of killing one's wife (Latin: uxor "wife").

Killing of others[edit]

  • Amicicide – the act of killing a friend (Latin: amicus "friend")
  • Androcide – the systematic killing of men.
  • Assassination – the act of killing a prominent person for either political, religious, or monetary reasons.
  • Capital punishment – the judicial killing of a human being for crimes.
  • Casualty (person) – death (or injury) in wartime.
  • Collateral damage – deaths during wartime due to imprecise or incorrect targeting or friendly fire.
  • Democide or populicide – the murder of any person or people by a government.
  • Ecocide – the destruction of the natural environment by such activity as war, overexploitation of resources, or pollution.
  • Extrajudicial killing – killing by government forces without due process. See also Targeted killing.
  • Euthanasia or mercy killing – the killing of any being for compassionate reasons; e.g., significant injury or disease.
  • Familiaricide in commutatione eius possessio – the act of killing a family for their property and/or possessions (from Latin: familiaris "of a household"; in commutatione eius "in exchange for"; and possessio "a possession or property").
  • Femicide, gynecide, gynaecide, or gynocide – the systematic killing of women.
  • Feticide – the act of killing a fetus.
  • Gendercide – the systematic killing of members of a specific sex or gender.
  • Genocide – the systematic extermination of an entire national, racial, religious, or ethnic group.
  • Homicide – the act of killing of a person (Latin: homo "man").
  • Justifiable homicide - a defense to culpable homicide (criminal or negligent homicide)
  • Human sacrifice – the killing of a human for sacrificial, often religious, reasons.
  • Massacre or mass murder – the killing of many people.
  • Murder – the malicious and unlawful killing of a human by another human.
  • Manslaughter – murder, but under legally mitigating circumstances.
  • Omnicide – the act of killing all humans, to create intentional extinction of the human species (Latin: omni "all, everyone").
  • Targeted killing – a form of assassination which is carried out by governments against their perceived enemies. See also Extrajudicial killing.
  • Xenocide – the genocide of an entire alien species. Often used in science fiction, one famous example being the novel "Xenocide" by Orson Scott Card.

Killing of superiors[edit]

Killing of animals, disease, and pests[edit]

  • Algaecide – a chemical agent that kills algae
  • Acaricide – a chemical agent that kills mites
  • Avicide – a chemical agent that kills birds
  • Bactericide – a chemical agent that kills bacteria.
  • Biocide – a chemical agent that kills a broad spectrum of living organisms.
  • Fungicide – chemical agents or biological organisms used to kill or inhibit fungi or fungal spores.
  • Germicide – an agent that kills germs, especially pathogenic microorganisms; a disinfectant
  • Herbicide – an agent that kills unwanted plants, a weed killer.
  • Insecticide – an agent that kills unwanted insects.
  • Larvicide (also larvacide) – an insecticide targeted against the larval life stage of an insect.
  • Microbicide – an agent used to kill or reduce the infectiousness of microorganisms.
  • Miticide – a chemical to kill mites.
  • Nemacide (also nematicide, nematocide) – a chemical to eradicate or kill nematodes.
  • Parasiticide – a general term to describe an agent used to destroy parasites.
  • Pediculicide – an agent that kills head lice.
  • Pesticide – a general term to describe an agent used to destroy or repel a pest.
  • Scabicide – a chemical agent for killing scabies.
  • Spermicide – a contraceptive agent to render sperm inert and prevent fertilization.
  • Teniacide (also taeniacide, tenicide)– a chemical agent that kills tape worms.
  • Theriocide - the act of killing sentient animals, especially mammals (Ancient Greek: therion "wild animal, beast")
  • Vermicide – an agent used to kill parasitic intestinal worms.
  • Virucide (also viricide) – an agent capable of destroying or inhibiting viruses.
  • Vulpicide (also vulpecide) – the killing of a fox by methods other than by hunting it with hounds.

Killing of intangibles[edit]

  • Famacide, defamation or slander, the killing of another's reputation
  • Linguicide, intentionally causing the death of a language
  • Urbicide, the destruction of a city or the stifling of urbanisation (urbs is Latin for "city")

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Webster's 1913.