List of undated Roman consuls

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This is a list of Roman consuls, individuals who were either elected or nominated to the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic, or a high office of the Empire, but for whom an exact date of when they served in office is absent. Most are reckoned to be suffect consuls, but occasionally it encompasses an ordinary consul.

3rd century BC[edit]

Approximate Year Consul(s) Consul type
Between 222 and 218 Marcus Aemilius Lepidus[1] suffectus

1st century AD[edit]

Approximate Year Consul(s) Consul type
21 or 22 Vibius Rufinus[2] suffectus
21 or 22 Gaius Asinius Pollio[note 1][3] suffectus
Between 37 and 54 Pompeius Pedo[4] suffectus
Between 39 and 41 Pompeius Pennus[5] suffectus
Between 39 and 41 Lucius Annius Vinicianus[5] suffectus
Between 39 and 41 Cluvius[5] suffectus
c. 40 Gaius Ummidius Durmius Quadratus[6] suffectus
40 or 41 Marcus Cocceius Nerva[7]
Gaius Vibius Rufinus
suffecti
40, 41 or 44 Titus Axius[8]
Titus Mussidius Pollianus
suffecti
40, 44 or 45 Publius Fabius Firmanus[9]
Lucius Tampius Flavianus[note 2]
suffecti
40, 42, or 45 Popillius Balbus[10] suffectus
40, 42, or 45 Anteius Rufus[10] suffectus
Between 40 and 46 Lurius Varus[11] suffectus
42 or 43 Gaius Suetonius Paulinus[12][note 2] suffectus
45 or 47 Marius Cordus[13] suffectus
Before 47 Publius Ostorius Scapula[14] suffectus
49, 50 or 54 Gaius Fuufius (or Furius?)[15]
Gnaeus Minicius
suffecti
53 or 54 Publius Volasenna[16] suffectus
c. 54 Pompeius Paullinus[17] suffectus
54 or 55 Marcus Junius Silanus[18] suffectus
c. 55 Marcus Aponius Saturninus[19] suffectus
60 or 61 Aulus Ducennius Geminus[18] suffectus
c. 62 Lucius Junius Quintus Vibius Crispus[20] suffectus
Before 65 Caesennius Maximus[18] suffectus
Before 65 Cluvius Rufus[18] suffectus
Before 68 Rubrius Gallus[18] suffectus
c. 70 Lucius Sergius Paullus[21] suffectus
c. 72 Titus Vestricius Spurinna[22][note 2] suffectus
c. 72 Gnaeus Pompeius Collega[23] suffectus
c. 72 Gnaeus Pinarius Cornelius Clemens[24] suffectus
72 or 73 Gaius Dillius Aponianus[25] suffectus
72 or 73 Lucius Cornelius Pusio Annius Messalla[26]
(Plot)ius Pegasus
suffecti
72 or 73 Sextus Vettulenus Cerialis[27] suffectus
72 or 73 Publius Nonius Asprenas Caesius Cassianus[28] suffectus
Between 72 and 74 Titus Aurelius Fulvus[29][note 2] suffectus
Between 72 and 74 Lucius Nonius Calpurnius Torquatus Asprenas[30] suffectus
Between 72 and 75 Mettius Pomposianus[31][32] suffectus
Between 72 and 78 Aulus Didius Gallus Fabricius Veiento[33][note 2] suffectus
c. 73 Sextus Julius Frontinus[22][note 2] suffectus
Between 73 and 74 Marcus Hirrius Fronto Neratius Pansa[34] suffectus
Between 73 and 76 Gaius Vettulenus Civica Cerealis[35] suffectus
Between 73 and 76 Lucius Mestrius Florus[36] suffectus
Between 74 and 78 [...] Marcellus[37]
[Quintus Aurelius] Pa[ctumeius Clemens]
suffecti
75 or 76 Sextus Sentius Caecillianus[38] suffectus
Between 76 and 78 Gnaeus Domitius Afer Marcellus Curvius Lucanus[39] suffectus
Between 76 and 78 Gnaeus Domitius Afer Curvius Tullus[40] suffectus
77 or 78 Lucius Luscius Ocrea[38] suffectus
c. 78 Gnaeus Domitius Lucanus[41] suffectus
c. 78 Lucius Octavius Memor[42] suffectus
Before 79 Publius Glitius Gallus[43] suffectus
Before 79 Quintus Cornelius Fa[...][44]
[...]nidius Quartus
suffecti
Before 79 Marcus Corvius Rufus (or Rusticus)[44] suffectus
Before 79 [...] Cominius[45]
Lucius Minicius
suffecti
Before 80 Aulus Caesennius Gallus[46] suffectus
Before 82 Titus Atilius Rufus[47] suffectus
82 or 83 Aulus Didius Gallus Fabricius Veiento III[48] suffectus
82 or 83 Lucius Junius Quintus Vibius Crispus III[49] suffectus
82 or 83 Publius Valerius Patruinus[50]
Lucius Antonius Saturninus
suffecti
83 or 84 Gnaeus Pedanius Fuscus Salinator[51] suffectus
c. 84 Marius Priscus[51] suffectus
Before 87 Servius Cornelius Scipio Salvidienus Orfitus[52] suffectus
Before 87 Lucius Dasumius Hadrianus[53] suffectus
Before 87 Sallustius Lucullus[54] suffectus
Before 87 Helvidius Priscus[54] suffectus
c. 93 [ ? Lucius] Julius Mar(inus)?[55] suffectus
c. 97 Aulus Egrilius Plarianus Pater[56] suffectus
After 97 Quintus Asinius Marcellus[56]
Aulus Caepio Crispinus
suffecti
c. 98 Quintus Fulvius Gillo Bittius Proculus[56]
Publius Julius Lupus
suffecti
Before 100 Aufidius Umber[57] suffectus
Between 100 and 102 Marcus Pompeius Macrinus Theophanes[56] suffectus
Late 1st to early 2nd century Lucius Julius Proculeianus[58] suffectus

2nd century[edit]

Approximate Year Consul(s) Consul type
c. 101 Rubrius Gallus[56]
Galeo Tettienus Severus Marcus Eppuleius Proculus Tiberius Caepio Hispo
suffecti
Before 103 Marcus Herennius Pollio[59] suffectus
Before 103 Lucceius Albinus[59] suffectus
c. 104 [? Lucius] Cornelius Priscus[59] suffectus
Before 105 Decius Terentius Scaurianus[59] suffectus
Before 105 [? Gnaeus Pompeius] Longinus II[59] suffectus
After 105 Marcus Clodius Lunensis[59]
Publius Licinius Crassus
suffecti
106 or 108 Lucius Tutilius Lupercus[60] suffectus
Before 109 Julius Alexander[59] suffectus
Before 109 Kan[us Junius Niger][61] suffectus
Between 116 and 133 Tiberius Lartidius Celer[62] suffectus
c. 117 Publius Juventius Celsus P. Aufidius Hoenius Severianus[59] suffectus
c. 117 M. Erucius Clarus[59]
Tiberius Julus Alexander Julianus
suffecti
c. 117 Lusius Quietus[59] suffectus
Before 118 Lucius Bellicius Sollers[59] suffectus
Between 118 and 138 Herennius Severus[59] suffectus
118 or 119 Gaius Bruttius Praesens L. Fulvius Rusticus[59][note 2] suffectus
Before 120 Calpurnius Reginnianus[59] suffectus
Before 120 [? A- or Se]rtorius[59] suffectus
119 or 120 Lucius Neratius Priscus[59] suffectus
c. 120 Junius Qua[dratus?][63] suffectus
120 or 121 [...]catus P. Valerius Priscus[64] suffectus
120 or 121 Quintus Aburnius Caedicianus[65]
Gaius Bruttius Praesens
suffecti
Between 121 and 123 Lucius Cornelius Latinianus[64] suffectus
123 or 124 Publius Metilius Secundus[66] suffectus
Between 123 and 126 Gaius Calpurnius Flaccus[64]
Lucius Trebius Germanus
suffecti
Between 123 and 142 Ennius (?) Proculus[62] suffectus
Before 125 Lucius Statorius Secundus[64] suffectus
Before 125 Cornelius Proculus[67] suffectus
c. 126 Sextus Julius Major[68] suffectus
c. 126 Tiberius Julius Julianus Alexander[64] suffectus
Between 129 and 138 Severus[67]
Lucius Flavius Arrianus Xenophon
suffecti
Between 129 and 133 Lucius Aurelius Gal[lus][67]
[...]us Priscus
suffecti
Before 130 Gaius Oppius Sabinus Julius Nepos Manius Vibius Sollemnis Severus[69] suffectus
c. 130 Titus Atilius Maximus[67] suffectus
c. 130 Julianus[67]
Castus
suffecti
Between 130 and 150 Claudius Varenus[62] suffectus
c. 131 Lucius Antonius Albus[67] suffectus
c. 132 Popillius Priscus[67] suffectus
132 or 133 Lucius Varius Ambibulus[67] suffectus
135 or 136 Quintus Lollius Urbicus[70] suffectus
c. 136 Lucius Roscius Paculus[71] suffectus
c. 137 Titus Vitrasius Pollio[72] suffectus
Before 138 Marcus Cutius Priscus Messius Rusticus Aemilius Papus Arrius Proculus Julius Celsus[67] suffectus
Before 138 Valerius Urbicus[67] suffectus
Before 138 Julius Cassus[69] suffectus
c. 138 Publius Cluvius Maximus Paullinus[67] suffectus
c. 138 Cornellius Priscianus[73] suffectus
c. 138 Gaius Julius Severus[74] suffectus
138 or 139 [...]us Priscus[75] suffectus
Between 138 and 180 Lucius Marius Vegetinus Marcianus Minicianus Myrtilianus[62] suffectus
c. 139 Appius Annius Gallus[75] suffectus
139 or 140 Domitius Seneca[75] suffectus
Between 138 and 143 Lucius Pomponius Bassus Cascus Scribonianus[76] suffectus
Between 138 and 160 Marcus Ulpius Carminius Claudianus[77] suffectus
140 or 141 Tiberius Claudius Saturninus[75] suffectus
141, 143 or 144 Gaius Claudius Maximus[75] suffectus
c. 143 Vilius Kadus[78] suffectus
143, 149, 150 or 158 Sextus Pedius Hirrutus Luculus Pollio
L. Iu[...][79]
suffecti
144 or 145 Lucius Neratus Proculus[80] suffectus
144 or 148 Lucius Marcius Celer Marcus Calpurnius Longus[81]
Decius Velius Fidus
suffecti
c. 145 Lucius Venuleius Apronianus Octavius Priscus[82][note 2] suffectus
Before 146 Sextus Erucius Clarus[note 2] suffectus
Before 147 Sulpicius Julianus[83] suffectus
Between 147 and 156 Sextus Aemilius Equester[84] suffectus
Between 149 and 151 Titus Flavius Longinus Quintus Marcius Turbo[85] suffectus
Between 149 and 151 Gnaeus Julius Verus[85][note 2] suffectus
Between 149 and 151 Decius Fonteius Fronto[86] suffectus
Mid-1st century Quintus Antonius Cassius Cassianus[62] suffectus
c. 150 Quintus Caecilius Marcellus Dentilianus[87] suffectus
150 or 151 Lucius Novius Crispinus Martialis Saturninus[85] suffectus
150 or 151 Decius Seius Seneca[85] suffectus
c. 151 Publius Seius Fuscianus[88][note 2] suffectus
c. 151 Titus Pomponius Proculus Vitrasius Pollio[85][note 2] suffectus
c. 151 Publius Cassius Dexter Augus[tanus Alpin]us Bellicus Sollers Metilius [...]us Rutillianus[89] suffectus
c. 151 [? Lucius Nonius Calpurnius] Torquatus Asprenas[90]
Lucius Sergius Paullus[note 2]
suffecti
Before 154 Gaius Jul[ius ...][91] suffectus
Before 155 Claudius Agrippinus[92] suffectus
Between 155 and 159 Gnaeus Papirius Aelianus[93] suffectus
Between 155 and 160 Lucius Fulvius Rusticus Aemilianus[94] suffectus
c. 156 Julius Proculus[95] suffectus
Mid 2nd Century Accius Julianus[96] suffectus
Before 159, possibly 155 or 156 Maximus Lucilianus[91] suffectus
c. 158 Lucius Junius Victorinus Flavius Caelianus[97] suffectus
c. 159 Gaius Julius Commodus Orfitianus[98] suffectus
c. 159 Lucius Matuccius Inscinus[99] suffectus
159 or 160 Marcus Jallius Bassus Fabius Valerianus[99] suffectus
c. 161 Publius Furius Saturninus[100] suffectus
Between 161 and 168 [...] Proculus[101]
Munatius [...]
suffecti
Between 161 and 169, or 177 and 180 [...] Egr[ilius Plarianus Larcius Lep]idus [Flavius ...][69] suffectus
Between 161 and 169 Sextus Cornelius Clemens[102] suffectus
Between 161 and 192 Junius Macr(---) (? Macer)[103] suffectus
Between 161 and 192 Lucius Junius Rufinus Proculianus[103] suffectus
Between 161 and 211 Junius Paulinus[104] suffectus
c. 162 Gaius Allius Fuscianus[105] suffectus
c. 162 Lucius Pullaienus Gargilius Antiquus[106] suffectus
163 or 164 Publius Julius Scapula Tertullus[107] suffectus
Before 164 [...] Sohaemus[108] suffectus
c. 164 Gaius Raecius Rufus[109] suffectus
Between 164 and 169 [...]ci[.]us[102]
L. Aemilus Front[inus]
suffecti
c. 165 Publius Vigellius Saturninus[110] suffectus
c. 165 Gaius Maesius Picatianus[111] suffectus
Between 165 and 168 Novius P[riscus][102] suffectus
Before October 166 Marcus Claudius Fronto[112] suffectus
165 or 166 Publius Geminius Marcianus[113] suffectus
c. 166 [Lucius] Volusius Maecianus[113] suffectus
166[114] or 167[115] Gaius Avidius Cassius suffectus
c. 167 Quintus Antistius Adventus Postumius Aquilinus[116] suffectus
c. 167 Gnaeus Claudius Severus[117][note 2] suffectus
c. 167 Marcus Arranius Venustus[118] suffectus
c. 167 Tiberius Claudius Pompeianus[119][note 2] suffectus
167 or 168 Publius Caelius Optatus[120] suffectus
Between 168 and 170 Marcus Antonius Zeno[121] suffectus
169 or 170 Marcus Lucceius Torquatus Bassianus[122] suffectus
Between 169 and 175 Titus Varius Clemens[123] suffectus
Before 170 Marcus Valerius Bradua[121] suffectus
c. 170 Titus Flavius Claudius Sulpicianus suffectus
c. 170 Quintius Junius Mauricus[121] suffectus
Between 170 and 174 Pollienus Auspex (maior) suffectus
Between 170 and 175 Lucius Aemilius Carus[124] suffectus
Between 170 and 190 Tiberius Claudius Aristocles[125] suffectus
c. 172 Caerellius Priscus[126] suffectus
Between 172 and 176 Titus Flavius Claudius Sulpicianus[124] suffectus
Between 172 and 176 Sulpicius Crassus[124] suffectus
c. 173 Gaius Arrius Antoninus[127] suffectus
c. 173 Manius Acilius Glabrio[127][note 2] suffectus
c. 173 Gaius Laberius Quartinus[128] suffectus
c. 173 Titus Tustius Caepio[129] suffectus
c. 173 Lucius Ulpius Marcellus[130] suffectus
c. 174 Publius Cornelius Anullinus[131][note 2] suffectus
c. 175 Gaius Vettius Sabinianus Julius Hospes[132] suffectus
c. 175 Marcus Macrinius Avitus Catonius Vindex[132] suffectus
c. 175/176 (?) Gaius Pantuleius Graptiacus[133] suffectus
c. 175/176 Sulpicius Crassus[134] suffectus
Between 175 and 180 Tiberius Julius Frugi[135] suffectus
Between 175 and 182 Lucius Albinius Saturninus[136] suffectus
c. 176 Lucius Vespronius Candidus Sallustius Sabinianus[132] suffectus
Between 177 and 180 Lucius Hedius Rufus Lollianus Avitus[137] suffectus
Between 177 and 181 Marcus Atilius Severus[136] suffectus
c. 178 Titus Licinnius Mucianus[136] suffectus
178 or 179 Aulus Julius Pompilius Piso Titus Vib[ius ...]tus Laevillius Berenicianus[138] suffectus
c. 180 Asellius Aemilianus[139] suffectus
c. 180 Aemilius Juncus[73] suffectus
c. 180 Lucius Saevinius Proculus[73] suffectus
c. 180 Gaius Domitius Dexter[73] suffectus
Shortly after 180 Marcus Helvius Clemens Dextrianus[140] suffectus
Between 180 and 183 Gaius Pescennius Niger[140] suffectus
Between 180 and 185 (Marcus Gavius) Gallicanus[141] suffectus
Between 180 and 192 Gaius Allius Fuscus[105] suffectus
Between 180 and 192 Gaius Julius Asper[105] suffectus
Between 180 and 192 Gaius Claudius Clemens Licinianus[142] suffectus
Between 180 and 192 Flavius Rufinianus[143] suffectus
Between 180 and 204 Marcus Antius Crescens Calpurnianus[144] suffectus
Between 180 and 211 Marcus Aemilius (Macer) Saturninus[145] suffectus
Between 180 and 211 (Marcus ? Ulpius) Carminius Athenagoras[146] suffectus
Between 180 and 211 Gaius Asinius (Protimus) Quadratus[147] suffectus
Between 180 and 217 Tiberius Claudius Attalus Paterculianus[148] suffectus
Before 182 Egnatius Capito[149] suffectus
c. 182 Lucius Ragonius Urinatius Larcius Quintianus[150] suffectus
Before 183 Gaius Domitius Dexter[151][note 2] suffectus
Before 183 (? Marcus) Antonius (? Ivvenis)[140] suffectus
Before 183 Cingius Severus[140] suffectus
Before 183 Severus[152] suffectus
183 or 184 (? Marcus) Cassius Apronianus[153] suffectus
Between 183 and 185 Marcus Asinius Rufinus Valerius Verus Sabinianus[153] suffectus
Between 183 and 196 M(---) Pin(---) Tiliu(---)[77] suffectus
Between 184 and 190 [...]mus[154]
Appius Claudius Lateranus
suffecti
Between 184 and 192 Gnaeus Suellius Rufus[152] suffecti
c. 185 Titus Aius Sanctus[153] suffectus
c. 185 Marcus Valerius Maximianus[155] suffectus
c. 185 Pollienus Auspex (minor)[156] suffectus
c. 185 or 186 Marcus Umbrius Primus[157] suffectus
Between 185 and 188 Decimus Clodius Septimius Albinus[158][note 2] suffectus
Between 185 and 192 Priscus[154]
Clarus
suffecti
Before 186 Julius Lepidianus[159] suffectus
Before 186 Gaius Julius Saturninus[160] suffectus
c. 186 Quintus Hedius Rufus Lollianus Gentianus[159] suffectus
186 or 187 Minicius Opimianus[161] suffectus
Between 187 and 190 Tarius Titianus[158] suffectus
Between 186 and 190 Lucius Calpurnius Proculus[162] suffectus
Between 187 and 192 Aemilius Severus Cantabrinus[154] suffectus
c. 188 Cornelius Repentinus[154] suffectus
Between 188 and 190 Quintus Aurelius Polus Terentianus[163] suffectus
Between 188 and 193 Gaius Mat(t)ius Sabinius Sullinus Vatinianus Anicius Maximus Caesulenus Martialis Pisibanus Ledipus[163] suffectus
c. 190 Titus Flavius Carminius Athenagoras Claudianus[164] suffectus
c. 190 Claudius Stratonicus[163] suffectus
c. 190 Marcus Iuventius Caesianus[163] suffectus
c. 190 Marcus Iuventius Secundus[165] suffectus
Between 190 and 192 Quintus Larcius Euripianus[105] suffectus
c. 191 Publius Septimius Geta[166][note 2] suffectus
c. 192 Tiberius Claudius Gordianus[167] suffectus
Before 193 (Aulus) Sellius Clodianus[168] suffectus
c. 193 Gaius Pomponius Bassus Terentianus[169] suffectus
c. 193 or 194 Titus Flavius Decimus[170] suffectus
193 or 194 Gaius Valerius Pudens[171] suffectus
Between 193 and 198 Marcus Claudius Demetrius[172] suffectus
Between 193 and 211 Betitius Pius Maximillianus[173] suffectus
Between 193 and 211 Quintus Licinius Nepos[174] suffectus
Between 193 and 211 Gaius Julius Philippus[175] suffectus
Between 193 and 217 Quintus Virius Egnatius Sulpicius Priscus[176] suffectus
Between 193 and 217 Gaius Claudius Attalus Paterculianus[177] suffectus
Between 193 and 217 Tiberius Claudius Severus[178] suffectus
Between 193 and 217 Ulpius Leurus[179] suffectus
Between 193 and 235 Publius Attius Clementinus Rufinus[180] suffectus
Between 193 and 235 Gaius Asinius Nicomachus Julianus[144] suffectus
c. 194 Publius Aelius Severianus Maximus[170] suffectus
c. 194 Marcus Ulpius Arabianus[77] suffectus
195 or 196 Tiberius Claudius Candidus[181] suffectus
Between 195 and 197 Gaius Julius Scapula Lepidus Tertullus[181] suffectus
Before 196 Virius Lupus[77] suffectus
c. 196 Tiberius Manilius Fuscus[182] suffectus
c. 196 Tiberius Cl(audius) Modestus[182] suffectus
Before 197 Cosconius Gentianus[183] suffectus
c. 197 Gavius Tranquillus[184] suffectus
197 or 198 Gaius Caesonius Macer Rufinianus[184] suffectus
197 or 198 Sallustius Verginius G[allus][184] suffectus
197 or 198 Quintus Venidius Rufus Marius Maximus Lucius Calvinianus[184] suffectus
Before 198 Ofilius Valerius Macedo[184] suffectus
Before 198 Gaius Ovinius Tertullus[184] suffectus
c. 198 Marcus Junius Concessus Aemilianus[185] suffectus
198 or 199 Mevius Surus[186] suffectus
198 or 199 Lucius Petronius Verus[187] suffectus
198 or 199 Titus Statilius Barbarus[185] suffectus
Between 198 and 204 Quintus Aiacius Modestus Crescentinaus[188][note 2] suffectus
Between 198 and 235 [Publius Aelius Sec]undinus[189] suffectus
Before 199 Titus Arrius Bassianus[185] suffectus
c. 199 Tiberius Claudius Claudianus[185] suffectus
c. 199 Lucius Marius Maximus Perpetuus Aurelianus[190][note 2] suffectus
Late 2nd to early 3rd century Lucius Cestius Gallus Cerrinius Justus Lutatius Natalis[191] designatus
Late 2nd to early 3rd century Aulus Egnatius Proculus[192] suffectus
Late 2nd to early 3rd century Gaius Bultius Geminius Titianus[193] suffectus
Late 2nd to early 3rd century Cossinius Rufinus[194] suffectus

3rd century[edit]

Approximate Year Consul(s) Consul type
Early 3rd century Lucius Calpurnius Reginianus suffectus
Early 3rd century Tiberius Claudius Telemachus suffectus
Early 3rd century Titus Flavius Damianus suffectus
c. 200 Titus Flavius Titianus[195] suffectus
c. 200 Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus[190] suffectus
c. 200 Gaius Julius Avitus Alexianus[196] suffectus
c. 200 (?) Claudius Hieronymianus suffectus
(?) 203 or 204 Calpurnius Maximus suffectus
203 to 205 Quintus Sicin(n)ius Clarus Pon(tianus?)[197] suffectus
204 or 205 Gaius Junius Faustinus (Pl)a(ci)dus Postumianus suffectus
204 or 205 (?) Ulpius Soter suffectus
Before 205 Lucius Alfenus Senecio[198] suffectus
Before 205 Mevius Surus suffectus
c. (?) 205 Lucius Claudius Cassius Dio Cocceianus[199] suffectus
Before 207 Lucius Egnatius Victor suffectus
(?) 207 Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus[200] suffectus
c. between 208 and 210 Publius Catius Sabinus[note 2] suffectus
Before 210 Aelius Romanus suffectus
Between 203 and 214 Lucius Marius Perpetuus[201] suffectus
Between 200 and 210 Appius Claudius Julianus suffectus
210 or 211 Tiberius Claudius Subatianus Proculus[202] suffectus
Between 202 and (?) 211 (?) L. P. Postumus suffectus
212 or 213 Gaius Julius Septimius Castinus[203] suffectus
Before 213 Quintus Junius (---) Quintianus suffectus
Before 213 Gaius Jul(ius) Titi(anus) suffectus
After 213 Armenius Peregrinus suffectus
213 or 214 Sextus Furnius Julianus[204] suffectus
Between 210 and 220 Lucius Alfenus Avitianus[205] suffectus
Between 211 and 217  ? Marcus Valerius Senecio suffectus
215 or 216 Amicus[206] suffectus
(?) Before 217 Gaius Betitius Pius suffectus
c. 217 Marcus Antonius Balbus[207] suffectus
Before 218 Fulvius Diogenianus suffectus
c. 219 Quintus Egnatius Proculus[208] suffectus
Between 211 and 222 Quintus Flavius Balbus[209] suffectus
Between 212 and 222 Tiberius Julius Pollienus Auspex[210] suffectus in absentia
c. 222 Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus[211] suffectus
c. 222 Titus Flavius Aper Commodianus[212] suffectus
Before 222 Fulvius suffectus
Between 222 and 235 Lucius Fulvius Gavius N[umisius] Aemilianus[213] suffectus
Before 223 Severus suffectus
Before c. 222 and 226 Asinius Lepidus suffectus
c. 228 Flavius Aelianus[214] suffectus
Before 229 Maximus Attianus suffectus
c. 230 Marcus Ulpius Eubiotus Leurus[215] suffectus
Before 230 (? Quintus or Sextus) Anicius Faustus Paulinus suffectus
Between 220 and 230 (? Quintus or Claudius) Valerius Rufrius Justus suffectus
Between 226 and 229 Lucius Caesonius Lucillus Macer Rufinianus suffectus
Between 225 and 230 Lucius Egnatius Victor Lollianus[216] suffectus
Between 211 and 235 Gaius Asinius (Protimus) Quadratus designatus
Between 222 and 235 Claudius Sollemnius Pacatianus suffectus
Between 222 and 235 Gaius Arrius Calpurnius Frontinus Honoratus suffectus
(?) Between 222 and 235 Ostor(ius) suffectus
(?) Between 222 and 235 Lucius Julius Apronius Maenius Pius Salamallianus designatus
c. 230 Egnatius Victor Marinianus[217] suffectus
(?) Before 230 Iasdius Domitianus[218] suffectus
Between 231 and 235 Marcus Marius Titius Rufinus suffectus
c. 235 Tiberius Clodius Pupienus Pulcher Maximus[219] suffectus
c. 235 Gaius Catius Clemens suffectus
Between 234 and 238 Rutilius Pudens Crispinus suffectus
Before 238 Publius Licinius Valerianus suffectus
Before 238 Lucius Domitius Gallicanus Papinianus[220] suffectus
Early to mid 3rd century Quintus Egnatius Proculus[221] suffectus
Between 238 and 244 Gaius Arrius Calpurnius Longinus suffectus
c. 240 Publius Cornelius Saecularis[222] suffectus
(?) c. 240 Marcus Nummius Albinus suffectus
c. 241 Lucius Catius Celer suffectus in absentia
c. 246 Aspasius Paternus suffectus
c. 250 Titus Flavius Postumius Varus suffectus
c. 250/252 Marcus Cocceius Anicius Faustus Flavianus suffectus
Before 253 Titus Desticius Juba suffectus
Before 257 Gaius Iunius Donatus suffectus
Before 258 Lucius Septimius Odaenathus suffectus
c. 260 Lucius Caesonius Ovinius Manlius Rufinianus Bassus[note 2] suffectus
(?) During 260s (before 275) Virius Lupus suffectus
Between 253 and 264 Licinius Valerianus suffectus
Between 260 and 268 Naulobatus suffectus
Before 260/268 Sextus Cocceius Anicius Faustus Paulinus suffectus
Before 262 Gaius Julius Sallustius Saturninus Fortunatianus suffectus
Between 262 and 266 Censor II
Lepidus II[223]
consul ordinarius (Gaul)
Between 262 and 266 Dialis
Bassus
consul ordinarius (Gaul)
Between 262 and 266 Apr[...]
Ruf[...]
consul ordinarius (Gaul)
c. 265 Gaius Junius Tiberianus suffectus
Before 267 Gaius Servilius Marsus suffectus
Mid 3rd century Gaius Memmius Caecilianus Placidus suffectus
Before 269 Velleius Macrinus suffectus
Between 267 and 270 Flavius Antiochianus suffectus
c. 270 Lucius Julius Aurelius Septimius Vabalathus Athenodorus suffectus
Before 275 Postumius Suagrus[195] suffectus
Before 275 Maecius Faltonius Nicomachus suffectus
Mid to late 3rd century Lucius Publius Petronius Volusianus suffectus
Mid to late 3rd century Marcus Pontius Eclectus Archelaus suffectus
(?) Mid to late 3rd century Lucius Turcius Faesasius Apronianus suffectus
Mid 3rd to early 4th century Lucius Suanius Victor Vitellianus suffectus
(?) Late 3rd century Aulus Caecina Tacitus suffectus
(?) Late 3rd century Gaius Lieurius Tranquillius Tocius Soaemus suffectus
(?) Late 3rd to early 4th century Titus Campanius Priscus Maximianus suffectus
Late 3rd to early 4th century Lucius Turcius Secundus suffectus
Between 270 and 280 Sextus Anicius Faustus Paulinus suffectus
c. 280 Gaius Caeionius Rufius Volusianus suffectus
Before 286 Marcus Junius Maximus suffectus
(?) 287 Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Valerius Carausius[224] consul ordinarius (Britain)
Before c. 291 Titus Flavius Postumius Titianus suffectus
Before 294 Gaius Macrinius Sossianus suffectus
(?) Late 3rd to early 4th century Egnatius Caeci... Antistius Luce. signo Aerius suffectus
Unknown date 3rd century Accius Iulianus Asclepianus[225] suffectus
End 3rd century Ostorius Euhodianus[133] designatus

4th century[edit]

Approximate Year Consul(s) Consul type
Before 307 Attius Insteius Tertullus suffectus
Before c. 335 Lucius Crepereius Madalianus suffectus
Before 337 Gaius Caelius Censorinus suffectus
Before 345 Marcus Nummius Albinus suffectus
Before 350 Memmius Vitrasius Orfitus suffectus
c. 378 Meropius Pontius Paulinus suffectus
c. 386 Ragonius Vincentius Celsus suffectus
Before 395/6 Quintilius Laetus suffectus
During 4th century Insteius Pompeianus suffectus

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ This is not the consul ordinarius of 23 AD, Gaius Asinius Pollio
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x The date of his first consulship lacks a fixed date.

References[edit]

  1. ^ T. Robert S. Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, Vol I, 1.225
  2. ^ University of Auckland. Dept. of Classics and Ancient History, University of Auckland. Dept. of Philosophy, Prudentia, Volumes 21-23 (1994), pg. 38
  3. ^ Wiedemann, T. E. J., Tiberius to Nero in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X: The Augustan Empire, 43 B.C.-A.D. 69 (1996), pg. 219
  4. ^ Gallivan, "Reign of Claudius", pp. 418, 426
  5. ^ a b c Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for the Reign of Gaius", Antichthon, 13 (1979), pp. 68f
  6. ^ Linda Jones Hall, Roman Berytus: Beirut in late antiquity (2004), pg. 86
  7. ^ Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for the Reign of Claudius", Classical Quarterly, 28 (1978), p. 417, 426
  8. ^ Giuseppe Camodeca, "Novità sui fasti consolari delle tavolette cerate della Campania", Publications de l'École française de Rome, 143 (1991), p. 69; Gallivan, "Reign of Claudius", pp. 416, 426
  9. ^ Camodeca, "Novità sui fasti consolari", pp. 52, 70
  10. ^ a b Gallivan, "Reign of Gaius", p. 69; Gallivan, "Reign of Claudius", pp. 421, 426
  11. ^ Syme, "Lurius Varus, a Stray Consular Legate", Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, 88 (1984), pp. 165-169
  12. ^ Gallivan, "Reign of Claudius", pp. 418f, 426
  13. ^ Ronald Syme; Anthony Richard Birley, The provincial at Rome: and, Rome and the Balkans 80 BC - AD 14 (1999), pg. 121
  14. ^ Anthony R. Birley, The Roman Government of Britain (Oxford: University Press, 2005), p. 28
  15. ^ Gallivan, "Reign of Claudius", pp. 420f, 426
  16. ^ Werner Eck, "Ergänzungen zu den Fasti Consulares des 1. und 2. Jh.n.Chr.", Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 24 (1975),pp. 337f
  17. ^ Syme and Birley, The provincial at Rome, p. 34
  18. ^ a b c d e Judith R. Ginsburg, "Nero's Consular Policy", American Journal of Ancient History, 6 (1981), pp. 51-68
  19. ^ Syme and Birley, The provincial at Rome, p. 119
  20. ^ R. H. Rodgers, "Curatores Aquarum" in Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, 86 (1982), pg. 173
  21. ^ Tonnes Bekker-Nielsen, Classica et Mediaevalia, 57 (2006), pg. 160
  22. ^ a b John D. Grainger, Nerva and the Roman Succession Crisis of AD 96-99 (2004), pg. 14
  23. ^ Robert K. Sherk, "Roman Galatia", Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung (1980), p. 998
  24. ^ Syme and Birley, The provincial at Rome, pp. 87-88
  25. ^ Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for A. D. 70-96", Classical Quarterly, 31 (1981), p. 201
  26. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 207
  27. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 203, 219
  28. ^ Accepting the more narrow range of Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 212
  29. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 199f
  30. ^ Sherk, Roman Galatia, p. 990
  31. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 200
  32. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 1072 ("Mettius Pomposianus").
  33. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 205, 219
  34. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 206f, 219
  35. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 210, 219
  36. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 201, 219
  37. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 204
  38. ^ a b Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 202, 219
  39. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 208
  40. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 208f
  41. ^ Syme and Birley, The provincial at Rome, p. 224
  42. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 203
  43. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 209, 219
  44. ^ a b Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 204, 219
  45. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 207, 219
  46. ^ Sherk, "Roman Galatia", p. 1004
  47. ^ Linda Jones Hall, Roman Berytus: Beirut in late antiquity (2004), pg. 88
  48. ^ Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 209, 220
  49. ^ Sextus Julius Frontinus, Robert Howard Rodgers, De aquaeductu urbis Romae (2004), pg. 279
  50. ^ Gallivan ("Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 211) argues that this pair ought to be dated to 83; however, Werner Eck ("Epigraphische Untersuchungen zu Konsuln und Senatoren des 1.-3. Jh. n. Chr.", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 37 (1980), pp. 51-60) argues for 82
  51. ^ a b Gallivan, "Fasti for A. D. 70-96", pp. 211, 220
  52. ^ Brian Jones, The Emperor Domitian (1993) pg. 183
  53. ^ Werner Eck, "Diplome, Konsuln und Statthalter: Fortschritte und Problem der kaiserlichen Prosopographie", Chiron, 34 (2004), p. 38 n. 47
  54. ^ a b Gallivan ("Fasti for A. D. 70-96", p. 211) argues that this suffect could be placed either before 87 or in 93; 93 is now complete.
  55. ^ Julian Bennett, Trajan: optimus princeps: a life and times (1997), pg. 82
  56. ^ a b c d e E. Mary Smallwood, Documents Illustrating the Principates of Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian (Cambridge: University Press, 1966), p. 11
  57. ^ Sherk, "Roman Galatia", p. 1016
  58. ^ Sherk, "Roman Galatia", p. 1045
  59. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Smallwood, Principates of Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian, p. 12
  60. ^ Werner Eck and Andreas Pangerl, "Moesia und seine Truppen. Neue Diplome für Moesia und Moesia superior", Chiron, 38 (2008), p. 360
  61. ^ Smallwood dates this consul "Before 116" (Principates of Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian, p. 12), but since all of the consuls from 109 to 116 are known, his date has been accordingly adjusted.
  62. ^ a b c d e Alföldy, p. 201
  63. ^ Ioan Piso, "Ein Bruchstück eines Militärdiploms aus Apulum", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 126 (1999), pp. 246-248
  64. ^ a b c d e Werner Eck and Peter Weiss, "Hadrische Konsuln Neue Zeugnisse aus Militaerdiplomen", Chiron, 32 (2002), p. 483
  65. ^ Werner Eck and Andreas Pangerl, "Ein Consul Suffectus Q. Aburnius in drei fragmentarischen Diplomen", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 185 (2013), pp. 239–247
  66. ^ Ronald Syme, Ten studies in Tacitus (1970), p. 112
  67. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Smallwood, Principates of Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian, p. 13
  68. ^ Peter Thonemann, The Maeander Valley: A Historical Geography from Antiquity to Byzantium (2011), p. 217
  69. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 203
  70. ^ Anthony Birley, The Fasti of Roman Britain (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981), p. 114
  71. ^ Leunissen, p. 108
  72. ^ Géza Alföldy, pp. 159, 214
  73. ^ a b c d Alföldy, p. 200
  74. ^ Leunissen, p. 460
  75. ^ a b c d e Werner Eck, "Die Fasti consulares der Regungszeit des Antoninus Pius, eine Bestandsaufnahme seit Géza Alföldys Konsulat und Senatorenstand" in Studia epigraphica in memoriam Géza Alföldy, hg. W. Eck, B. Feher, and P. Kovács (Bonn, 2013), p. 81
  76. ^ Mennen, Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193-284 (2011) p. 119
  77. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 151
  78. ^ Alföldy, p. 147
  79. ^ Vidman (Fasti Ostienses: Edendos, illustrandos, restituendos, curavit (Prague: Academia, 1982), pp. 52, 134f) dates Hirrutus to 158, based on the Fasti Ostienses; Eck (pp. 79 n. 31, 84f) notes there are difficulties with that year and suggests 143, 149 and 150 as possible alternatives.
  80. ^ Alföldy, p. 149; however, Eck ("Die Fasti consulares", p. 87) dates his office to the beginning of the reign of Marcus Aurelius.
  81. ^ Werner Eck ("Die Fasti consulares", p. 74) dates this pair to 18 and 22 December 144 while Giuseppe Camodeca ("Una nuova coppia di consoli del 148 e il proconsul Achaiae M. Calpurnius Longus", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 112 (1996), pp. 235-240) dates them to the same dates in 148
  82. ^ Alföldy, pp. 150f
  83. ^ Linda Jones Hall, Roman Berytus: Beirut in late antiquity (2004), p. 91
  84. ^ Although Alföldy (p. 226) dates Equester to c. 154 based on an inscription (AE 1940, 176), Eck and Weiß subsequently argued ("Tusidius Campester, cos. suff. unter Antoninus Pius, und die Fasti Ostienses der Jahre141/142 n. Chr.", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 134 (2001), pp. 255f) this range of dates is more likely.
  85. ^ a b c d e Eck, "Die Fasti consulares", p. 82
  86. ^ Alföldy, p. 379
  87. ^ Alföldy, pp. 202f
  88. ^ Alföldy, pp. 159f
  89. ^ Alföldy, p. 160
  90. ^ Alföldy, p. 161
  91. ^ a b Eck, "Die Fasti consulares", p. 83
  92. ^ Shelagh Jameson, "Two Lycian Families", Anatolian Studies, 16 (1966), p. 125
  93. ^ M.M. Roxan and Peter Weiß, Chiron, 28 (1998), pp. 371-420
  94. ^ Leunissen, p. 109
  95. ^ Alföldy, pp. 168f
  96. ^ Sarah Emily Bond, Ob Merita: The epigraphic rise and fall of the civic patrona in Roman North Africa (2007), p. 40
  97. ^ Alföldy, p. 229
  98. ^ Alföldy, p. 173, 377f
  99. ^ a b Alföldy, p. 173
  100. ^ Eck, "Die Fasti consulares", p. 84
  101. ^ Proculus is likely P. Calpurnius Proculus. (Alföldy, p. 194f)
  102. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 196
  103. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 197
  104. ^ Leunissen, p. 207
  105. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 145
  106. ^ Alföldy, p. 177
  107. ^ Leunissen, p. 372
  108. ^ Alföldy, p. 195
  109. ^ Alföldy, p. 178
  110. ^ Alföldy, pp. 365-367
  111. ^ Alföldy, p. 180
  112. ^ Alföldy, p. 179. Eck and Weiß ("Tusidius Campester", pp. 251-260) has shown Fronto was not consul in 165.
  113. ^ a b Alföldy, p. 182
  114. ^ Birley, Anthony, Marcus Aurelius: A Biography, Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2001, pg. 301
  115. ^ Timothy Venning, John Drinkwater Chronology of the Roman Empire (2011), p. 542
  116. ^ Alföldy, pp. 183f
  117. ^ Alföldy, pp. 182f
  118. ^ Alföldy, p. 184
  119. ^ Alföldy, pp. 184f
  120. ^ Peter Weiß, "P. Caelius Optatus, cos. suff. 167 oder 168 n. Chr.", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 140 (2002), pp. 253-256
  121. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 197
  122. ^ Alföldy, p. 185
  123. ^ Alföldy, pp. 197f
  124. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 198
  125. ^ Alföldy, p. 202
  126. ^ Alföldy, pp. 186f
  127. ^ a b Alföldy, p. 187
  128. ^ Alföldy, pp. 187f
  129. ^ Alföldy, p. 188
  130. ^ Alföldy, p. 198
  131. ^ Leunissen, p. 214
  132. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 190
  133. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 463
  134. ^ Leunissen, p. 222
  135. ^ Herbert Nesselhauf, Gnomon 26 (1954), p. 267
  136. ^ a b c Alföldy, p. 199
  137. ^ Leunissen, p. 205
  138. ^ Alföldy, p. 191
  139. ^ Linda Jones Hall, Roman Berytus: Beirut in late antiquity (2004), pg. 119
  140. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 138
  141. ^ Leunissen, p. 205
  142. ^ Shelagh Jameson, "Two Lycian Families", Anatolian Studies, 16 (1966), p. 128
  143. ^ Leunissen, pp. 146f
  144. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 147
  145. ^ Son of M. Aemilius Saturninus, consul suffect of 174. (Leunissen, p. 294)
  146. ^ Son of M. Ulpius Carminius Claudianus, suffect under Antoninus Pius. (Leunissen, p. 151)
  147. ^ Quadratus' son C. Asinius Nicomachus Julianus may have been proconsul of Asia under Septimius Severus, making it possible he was suffect under Commodus (Leunissen, p. 147)
  148. ^ Leunissen, p. 169
  149. ^ Consul possibly as early as under Marcus Aurelius; executed in 182 (Leunissen, pp. 196, 399)
  150. ^ Leunissen, pp. 61, 138
  151. ^ Leunissen, p. 196
  152. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 198
  153. ^ a b c Leunissen, p. 139
  154. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 142
  155. ^ Philip A. G. Sabin, Hans van Wees, Michael Whitby, The Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Warfare: Rome from the late Republic to the late Empire (2007), pg. 607
  156. ^ Leunissen, pp. 139f
  157. ^ Mennen, pg. 114
  158. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 141
  159. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 140
  160. ^ Leunissen, pp. 205-207
  161. ^ Werner Eck, "Ergänzungen zu den Fasti Consulares des 1. und 2. Jh.n.Chr.", Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 24 (1975), pp. 326f
  162. ^ Leunissen, pp. 141f
  163. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 143
  164. ^ Peter Thonemann, The Maeander Valley: A Historical Geography from Antiquity to Byzantium (2011), pg. 233
  165. ^ Brother of M. Iuventius Caesianus, who dedicated a statue to Secundus' wife, Postumia Paulla. Possibly suffects at the same time; if not, then under Commodus or Septimius Severus. (Leunissen, p. 149)
  166. ^ Hubert Cancik, Helmuth Schneider, David E. Orton, Brill's New Pauly: encyclopaedia of the ancient world (2008), pg. 189
  167. ^ Leunissen, p. 144
  168. ^ Possibly executed Summer, 193 (Leunissen, p. 145)
  169. ^ Leunissen, pp. 151f
  170. ^ a b Leunissen, pp. 152
  171. ^ Anthony Birley, The Fasti of Roman Britain, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981), p. 156
  172. ^ Leunissen, p. 148
  173. ^ Leunissen, pp. 147f
  174. ^ Leunissen, pp. 149f
  175. ^ Leunissen, p. 166
  176. ^ Mennen, p. 131
  177. ^ Leunissen, p. 169
  178. ^ Leunissen, pp. 169f
  179. ^ Father of M. Ulpius Eubiotus Leurus, suffect c. 230 (Leunissen, p. 172)
  180. ^ Leunissen, p. 190
  181. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 153
  182. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 154
  183. ^ Leunissen, p. 149
  184. ^ a b c d e f Leunissen, p. 155
  185. ^ a b c d Leunissen, p. 156
  186. ^ Rusu-Bolindeț, Viorica; Strâmbu, Iulia; Muntean, Teodor; Varga, Rada; Bounegru, George (2011). Palatul guvernatorului Daciei romane de la Apulum - O redescoperire a patrimoniului. Cluj-Napoca: Mega. p. 44. ISBN 978-606-543-115-7. 
  187. ^ Recorded as consul designatus c. 198. (Leunissen, p. 156)
  188. ^ Leunissen, p. 157
  189. ^ Mentioned in the Records of the Arval Brethren in 219, 224, 231, and possibly 237; unclear if he was suffect consul by 219. (Leunissen, p. 178)
  190. ^ a b Leunissen, p. 158
  191. ^ Anthony Richard Birley, The Roman government of Britain, (2005) pg. 259
  192. ^ Leunissen, pp. 191f
  193. ^ Leunissen, p. 201
  194. ^ Leunissen, p. 203
  195. ^ a b Mennen, Inge, Power and Status in the Roman Empire, AD 193-284 (2011), pg. 122
  196. ^ Leunissen, p. 225
  197. ^ Leunissen, p. 160
  198. ^ Leunissen, pgs. 231-232
  199. ^ Leunissen, pg. 367
  200. ^ Robin Mc Mahon,Pupienus (238 A.D.) and Balbinus (238 A.D.), De Imperatoribus Romanis (2001)
  201. ^ Leunissen, pg. 255
  202. ^ Leunissen, pg. 455
  203. ^ Leunissen, pg. 403
  204. ^ Leunissen, pg. 268
  205. ^ Leunissen, pg. 450
  206. ^ Leunissen, pg. 174
  207. ^ Leunissen, pg. 167
  208. ^ A. D. Rizakēs, S. Zoumbaki, Suomen Ateenan-instituutin säätiö, Kentron Hellēnikēs kai Rōmaikēs Archaiotētos, Roman Peloponnese. 2. Laconia and Messenia (1996), pg. 222
  209. ^ Leunissen, p. 176
  210. ^ Leunissen, pp. 176, 276
  211. ^ Tim G. Parkin, Old age in the Roman world: a cultural and social history (2003), pg. 111
  212. ^ Leunissen, pg. 457
  213. ^ Leunissen, p. 187
  214. ^ Leunissen, pg. 181
  215. ^ Christian Settipani, Continuité gentilice et continuité familiale dans les familles sénatoriales romaines à l'époque impériale: mythe et réalité (2000), pgs. 121-124
  216. ^ D. H. French, "Milestones of Pontus, Galatia, Phrygia and Lycia", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 43 (1981) pp. 170-171
  217. ^ Leunissen, pg. 360
  218. ^ Leunissen, pg. 186
  219. ^ Encyclopedia of Roman Empire (2008)
  220. ^ Leunissen, p. 321
  221. ^ Mireille Corbier, L'aerarium Saturni et l'aerarium militare (1974), pg. 313
  222. ^ Christol, Michel, Essai sur l'évolution des carrières sénatoriales dans la seconde moitié du IIIe siècle ap. J.C. (1986), pg. 188
  223. ^ Prior to this they were either suffect consuls, or perhaps ordinary consuls with Postumus between 259 and 261 - see Jones & Martindale, pg. 1046
  224. ^ Bagnall, Roger S. Consuls of the Later Roman Empire (1987), pg. 109
  225. ^ Sarah Emily Bond, Ob Merita: The epigraphic rise and fall of the civic patrona in Roman North Africa (2007), pg. 63

Sources[edit]

  • Alföldy, Géza Konsulat und Senatorenstand unter der Antoninen Bonn: Rudolf Habelt Verlag (1977)
  • Jones, A. H. M.; Martindale, J. R.; Morris, J. The Prosopography of the later Roman Empire, Vol. I, AD 260-395 (1971), pgs. 1046-1047
  • Leunissen, Paul M. M. Konsuln und Konsulare in der Zeit von Commodus bis Severus Alexander (1989)