Living Church of God
|Living Church of God|
|Leader||Gerald E. Weston|
|Headquarters||Charlotte, North Carolina|
|Founder||Roderick C. Meredith|
San Diego, California
|Separated from||Global Church of God|
The Living Church of God (LCG) is one of hundreds of groups that formed after the death of Herbert W. Armstrong, when major doctrinal changes (causing turmoil and divisions) were occurring in the former Worldwide Church of God (WCG) during the 1990s. The LCG was formed in December 1998 and is an offshoot organization of the Global Church of God (GCG), which formed in December 1992. The Living Church of God is one of multifarious Sabbatarian Churches of God church groups that have sprung up from the former WCG, known today as Grace Communion International (GCI). From the LCG organization, several additional split-off groups have resulted, each one headed by a former LCG minister.
LCG's founder and original Presiding Evangelist was Dr. Roderick C. Meredith, (21 June 1930—18 May 2017). Mr. Gerald E. Weston took over after being nominated by Meredith over the course of the final year of his life.
Following Meredith's graduation from Ambassador College in Pasadena, California in June 1952, he was assigned by Herbert W. Armstrong (Pastor General of the Worldwide Church of God) to set up and pastor WCG congregations in Portland, Oregon; San Diego, California; and Seattle and Tacoma, Washington. On December 20, 1952, after summoning him back to the WCG's headquarters in Pasadena, California, from his pastorship in Oregon, Armstrong ordained him and four other men — including his uncle Dr. C. Paul Meredith — to the position of Evangelist. These men were the very first Evangelists of the WCG. Meredith was the youngest of the newly ordained men and the fifth to be ordained.
In the subsequent years, Meredith would help start scores of WCG congregations throughout the United States. He would also conduct many baptizing and evangelizing tours in the United States, the United Kingdom, Europe, and Africa. From the early to mid-1950s, and again in 1960, he was assigned by Armstrong to live in Britain to form congregations for the Church there. For years he was one of the WCG's leading theologians and top executives, and an instructor at Ambassador College. However, when overseeing the ministry during the 1960s, he began to gain a reputation for being too strict in his application of Church rules and regulations.
After Armstrong died, WCG began to change many of its core doctrines; a process that brought the organization into the mainstream of Evangelical Christianity. However, many members objected and hundreds of splinter groups arose as a result.
Meredith initially founded the Global Church of God (GCG) in December 1992, but was controversially fired from his positions as Chairman of the Board and Presiding Evangelist in 1998. He then formed LCG, incorporating the church in San Diego, California, in December 1998. His dismissal was unpopular with GCG members, with as much as 80 percent of the GCG membership following Meredith to the newly formed LCG. However, in the years since its formation, multiple ministers have departed from LCG and formed their own groups. In 2004, for example, the late Evangelist Raymond F. McNair (ordained by Herbert W. Armstrong in 1953, a year after Meredith's ordination] left LCG to start The Church of God 21st Century. (It disbanded after his death in 2008.) In 2005, ministers Don Haney and Ben Faulkner also left. Haney formed Church of God In Peace and Truth, and Faulkner formed Church of the Sovereign God. In 2006, Charles Bryce (whom Meredith had appointed head of Church administration with responsibility over all LCG's field ministers worldwide) left and formed Enduring Church of God. In 2013, minister Rod Reynolds left and formed COG Messenger.
In 2003, the church's corporate headquarters were moved from San Diego to Charlotte, North Carolina. The church reported in 2011 that it had 330 congregations in 45 countries, and that over 8,000 members attended its annual eight-day festival of the Feast of Tabernacles and Last Great Day, at 46 sites in 31 countries on every continent (except Antarctica). An independent auditor specializing in non-profits reported that the church's income for 2010 was over US$14.3 million. LCG's revenue comes from tithes, holy day offerings, and other contributions from both members and non-members. The tithe is 10% of a member's income and it is permitted to tithe on the net income. The members should not tithe on the "unearned income" (such as social security, old-age assistance, unemployment benefits, pensions, gifts, disability or similar types of income).
Other beliefs include:
- Binitarianism: The belief that there are two God Beings representing a God family rather than one God with multiple personalities (Godhead). These two separate personalities consist of God the Father and God the Son (also called The Word). The Holy Spirit is not a Being, and is considered the very essence, the mind, life, breath and power of God. Much in the same way the physical world is made of matter, the spiritual world is made of Spirit.
- Non-partisanism: Generally, members should not take part in politics, juries, voting, swearing oaths (members can only "affirm", not swear, in court), or military service.
- British Israelism: The belief that the Anglo-American people are descended from the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel, specifically Ephraim and Manasseh and are the possessors of the birthright promises and accompanying blessings of Abraham’s descendants, through his grandson Jacob. Other countries believed to be Israelite are Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Belgium, France, Netherlands, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Israel and Denmark.
- Many Old Testament laws should be adhered to by Christians today, including the clean and unclean foods, mentioned in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14:3–21, delineating which animals may be eaten.
- Christians should observe the biblical seventh-day Sabbath. According to the biblical definition, a day is measured from sunset to sunset, and therefore the Sabbath begins at sunset on Friday, and ends at sunset on Saturday. No paid physical labor is to be performed during this time period, nor any personal activities that take away from worship and family time. These include entertainment, such as participating in sporting events (for example, high school football), going to the movies, theater, dance hall, or bar, and watching non-religious movies or television, except news. Feeding livestock and cooking for family members are allowed. The Sabbath is viewed as holy, and set apart by God at creation (Genesis 2:2–3), and is a sign between God and his believers (Exodus 31:13).
- Annual festivals listed in Leviticus 23 and Deuteronomy 16 should be observed by Christians today as they were kept by Jesus, the original apostles, and the first-century Church of God, headquartered at Jerusalem. Members do not celebrate Christmas, Easter, saints' days, Lent, or other traditional Catholic or Christian holy days that were adopted by the Catholic Church (and some Protestant denominations) later in history. Regarding birthday celebrations, whilst many members do not participate in large Birthday parties, a family meal or a day out is often substituted to celebrate and give thanks for another year of life.
Shortly after LCG's incorporation, it started producing a weekly, half-hour television program: Tomorrow's World. It is carried on 211 television stations throughout the world. In May 2006, LCG's media department reported that the show was accessible to nearly 78 million American households, or 71 percent of the American television market.
According to reports in March 2007 by Nielsen Research, the program was estimated to reach an average of 50,000 new viewers each week. From 1999 to date,[when?] approximately 320 programs have been taped and televised.
LCG also publishes a free, bi-monthly, subscription magazine under the title Tomorrow's World. As of 2006, its circulation was 1.8 million. From the magazine's inception in 1999 through May 2007, 8.3 million copies were produced. Additionally, the church operates a Tomorrow's World website.
The church produces several foreign-language radio programs, which are broadcast on 15 stations. These include a Spanish program titled El Mundo de Mañana ("Tomorrow's World"), presented by Mario Hernandez, who also is the presenter of the Spanish telecast with the same title. Also, the French program Le Monde Demain ("Tomorrow's World") is broadcast throughout the Caribbean. Up until his death in 2010, it was presented by longtime evangelist and radio presenter Dibar K. Apartian.
In 2007, LCG launched Living University, a nonprofit, online, distance-learning institution. The school is currently unaccredited, but LCG is exploring accreditation for Living University's undergraduate degrees, diplomas, and certificates.
Terry Ratzmann shooting
In March 2005, LCG was thrust into national & international spotlight when member Terry Ratzmann shot members of his LCG congregation in Brookfield, Wisconsin, U.S.A. He killed Pastor Randy Gregory, the pastor's teenage son James, and injured others including the pastor's wife. In total, seven persons died. No motive was determined by police.<ref>Wilgoren, Jodi (March 15, 2005). "Police Focus on Religion in Milwaukee Shootings". NYTimes Online. The New York Times. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
- Christian observances of Jewish holidays
- Christian views on the Old Covenant
- "A Short History of Grace Communion International". Grace Communion International. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
- Introvigne, Massimo. "Schism in the Global Church of God: Birth of A New "Armstrongite" Church, The Living Church of God". Center for Studies on New Religions. Retrieved 2007-08-29.
- "Church of God Timeline: 1996 to 2004". The Journal: News of the Churches of God. Archived from the original on 2007-08-14. Retrieved 2007-08-28.
- Howard, J. Lee (February 14, 2003). "Church group relocating HQ here from San Diego". Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved 2007-08-28.
- "The Living Church News" (pdf). Living Church of God. January–February 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
- "The Living Church News" (pdf). Living Church of God. July–August 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
- "God's People Tithe!".
- "Personal Correspondence Department L061" (PDF).
- "Statement of Beliefs". Living Church of God.
- Winnail, Douglas (25 May 2007). "World Ahead Weekly Update".
- Living Church of God, Letter from Roderick C. Meredith, March 12, 2007
- Greetings, Douglas Winnail, May 24, 2007
- The Living Church News, v.4 No.9, July–August 2007, p9
- Programas de El Mundio de Mañana
- Co-Worker Letter Library
- "Motive Still Unclear in Milwaukee Church Shooting". The New York Times. August 3, 2005.