Lizzie Miles

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Lizzie Miles
Also known as Miss Frankie (possibly)
Born (1895-03-31)March 31, 1895
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Died March 17, 1963(1963-03-17) (aged 67)
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Genres Blues
Occupation(s) Singer

Elizabeth Mary Landreaux (March 31, 1895 – March 17, 1963),[1] known by the stage name Lizzie Miles, was a Creole blues singer.[2]

Career[edit]

Miles was born in the Faubourg Marigny neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana, in a dark-skinned Francophone Creole ("Creole of color") family. As a child, she sang in church and performed at parties and dances. She worked with Joe Oliver, Kid Ory, Bunk Johnson, and A.J. Piron from 1909-1911. She then toured the South, performing in theaters, circuses, and with minstrel shows. In 1917 she sang in Chicago with Manuel Manetta, and then, in 1921 with Freddie Keppard, Charlie Elgar, and again with Oliver.[3] She moved to New York and made her first phonograph recordings in 1922. They were blues songs, but she did not like to be referred to as a blues singer since she sang a wide repertoire.

Miles toured Europe in 1924 and 1925 and then returned to New York and worked in clubs from 1926 to 1931. During this time she worked with her half-brother, Herb Morand. Miles recorded as leader of a trio with Oliver, and in a duo with Jelly Roll Morton. There is uncertainty in that some sources suggest that several of the Miss Frankie recordings were the work of Lizzie Miles.[4] This particularly applies to the tracks "When You Get Tired of Your New Sweetie",[5] and "Shooting Star Blues", issued on Conqueror Records (January 1928).[6]

She suffered a serious illness and retired from the music industry in the 1930s,[2] not before she recorded "My Man o' War", described by one music journalist as "a composition stuffed with rococo suggestiveness".[7] Despite her illness, Miles appeared in two films in the early 1930s. She began working regularly again in 1935, performing with Paul Barbarin at the Strollers Club in New York.[3] She sang with Fats Waller in 1938 and then worked in Chicago until she left music in 1942.

In 1950, Miles lived in California where she sang with George Lewis in 1953 and 1954. She performed and spent time with Bob Scobey in Las Vegas, Nevada, from 1955 to 1957. She sang with Joe Darensbourg in Chicago in 1958 and 1959. She returned to New Orleans, where she appeared with Freddie Kohlman and Paul Barbarin. She recorded with several Dixieland and traditional jazz bands, appeared at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1958, and made regular radio broadcasts before retiring in 1959.

In 1959 she quit singing, except for gospel music. She died of a heart attack, in March 1963, in New Orleans[8] and was buried there in Saint Louis Cemetery No. 3.[9]

Woody Allen included her version of "A Good Man Is Hard to Find" on the soundtrack of his 2013 film Blue Jasmine.[10]

Her half-sister, Edna Hicks, was also a blues singer.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Her first husband J. C. Miles, from whom she took her stage name, died of Spanish Flu in Shreveport, Louisiana in 1918.[11] Her second husband was August Pajaud.[12]

Selected discography[edit]

Year of release Album title Label
1956 Hot Songs My Mother Taught Me Cook Records
1956 Moans and Blues Cook Records
1956 Torchy Lullabies My Mother Sang Me Cook Records

Singles released in 1922[edit]

The following singles were all released in 1922 by Okeh Records:[13]

  • "Wicked Blues"
  • "Take It 'Cause It's All Yours"
  • "Lonesome Monday Morning Blues"
  • "Please Don't Tickle Me, Babe"
  • "He May Be Your Man, but He Comes to See Me Sometimes"
  • "Muscle Shoals Blues"
  • "She Walked Right Up and Took My Man"

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yanow, Scott. Biography of Lizzie Miles at AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-04-23.
  2. ^ a b c "Lizzie Miles". Thebluestrail.com. Retrieved November 17, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Kernfeld, Barry (1988). The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, 2nd Ed. London: Macmillan. p. 759. 
  4. ^ "Miss Frankie ( Lizzy Miles ) : A Discography". Honkingduck.com. Retrieved 2 June 2018. 
  5. ^ "Full text of "Talking Machine World (Jan-Jun 1928)"" (TXT). Archive.org. Retrieved 2 June 2018. 
  6. ^ "Miss Frankie ( . Lmiles ) : A Discography". Honkingduck.com. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  7. ^ Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. p. 199. ISBN 1-85868-255-X. 
  8. ^ Doc Rock. "The 1960s". The Dead Rock Stars Club. Retrieved 2014-07-11. 
  9. ^ Lynn Abbott; Doug Seroff (1992). "Lizzie Miles–Her Forgotten Career in Circus Side-Show Minstrelsy" (PDF). 78 Quarterly. No. 7. pp. 57–70. Retrieved June 8, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Blue Jasmine Soundtrack List". Soundtrackmania.com. Retrieved 2014-07-11. 
  11. ^ Louisiana State Archives, Death Records, Vol. 35, No. 15383
  12. ^ Adrian Room (1 July 2010). Dictionary of Pseudonyms: 13,000 Assumed Names and Their Origins (fifth ed.). McFarland. p. 327. ISBN 978-0-7864-5763-2. 
  13. ^ Gibbs, Martin C. (2013). Black recording artists, 1877-1926 an annotated discography. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co. 

External links[edit]