Lobosa

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Lobosa
Scientific classification
(unranked): Amoebozoa
Subphylum: Lobosa
Carpenter, 1861, em. Cavalier-Smith, 2009
Classes

Lobosa is a taxonomic group of amoebae possessing broad, bluntly rounded pseudopods. In current classification schemes, it is a subphylum of Amoebozoa, composed of amoebae that have lobose pseudopods but lack cilia or flagella.[1][2]

The group was originally proposed in 1861 by William B. Carpenter, who created it as a taxonomic order containing the single family Amoebina.[3] Carpenter's Lobosa consisted of amoeboid organisms whose endoplasm (endosarc) flows into lobe-like "pseudopodian prolongations." This type of pseudopod, which was understood to be typical of the genus Amoeba "and its allies," differed from the filose (thread-like) or reticulose (netlike) pseudopods of the Foraminifera. The name Lobosa was chosen for these amoebae "as expressing the lobe-like character of their pseudopodial extensions."[4]

As currently defined, the subphylum Lobosa includes both shelled (testate) and naked amoebae, but excludes some amoebozoan organisms traditionally regarded as "lobosean", such as Pelomyxa and Entamoeba.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smirnov, Alexey V. (2011). "A Revised Classification of Naked Lobose Amoebae (Amoebozoa: Lobosa)" (PDF). Protist. 162 (4): 545–570. doi:10.1016/j.protis.2011.04.004. PMID 21798804. 
  2. ^ Cavalier-Smith, Thomas (2009-02-01). "Megaphylogeny, cell body plans, adaptive zones: causes and timing of eukaryote basal radiations". The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 56 (1): 26–33. doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00373.x. ISSN 1550-7408. PMID 19340985. 
  3. ^ Carpenter, William Benjamin (1861). "On the systematic arrangement of the Rhizopoda". Natural History Review (Dublin and London). 1 (4). 
  4. ^ Carpenter, William Benjamin (1862). Introduction to the Study of the Foraminifera. Ray Society. pp. 16–28. 

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