|Lomatia ilicifolia (cultivated) in Ku-Ring-Gai Wildflower Garden (N.S.W.)|
Embothrium ilicifolium (R.Br.) Poir. Tricondylus ilicifolius (R.Br.) Kuntze nom. rej.
Lomatia ilicifolia, commonly known as holly lomatia or native holly, is a plant in the family Proteaceae and is endemic to south-eastern Australia. It is a stiff, erect shrub with hairy, rust-coloured new growth and which recovers from fire from a lignotuber. It has dull green, leathery, prickly, holly-like leaves and long sprays of cream flowers, usually after fire.
Lomatia ilicifolia is a stiff, erect shrub which grows to a height of 0.5–3 m (2–10 ft) and has its young foliage and flower buds covers with rust-coloured hairs. The leaves are dull green, leathery and holly-like, mostly glabrous and egg-shaped to lance-shaped or elliptic. They are 6–20 cm (2–8 in) long, 2.5–3.5 cm (0.98–1.4 in) wide, have sharp teeth along their edges and a prominent network of veins.
The flowers are arranged on the ends of the stems in a spike-like panicle or raceme 15–30 cm (6–10 in) long, each flower on a stalk 8–12 mm (0.3–0.5 in) long. The flowers are white or cream-coloured, 10–12 mm (0.4–0.5 in) long and more or less glabrous. Flowering occurs from November to February, usually following fire the previous summer, and is followed about three months later by the fruit which is a dark brown, leathery follicle 15–30 mm (0.6–1 in) long containing about ten winged seeds.
Taxonomy and naming
Lomatia ilicifolia was first formally described in 1810 by Robert Brown from a specimen collected near Port Phillip. The description was published in Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. The specific epithet (ilicifolia) is derived from the Latin words filicis meaning "fern":323 and folia meaning "leaves".:340
Distribution and habitat
Native holly is widespread and locally common in south-eastern Victoria where it grows in heath or woodland, sometimes in montane forests, from the Otway Ranges eastward to Gippsland. In New South Wales it grows in sclerophyll forest on the coast and nearby ranges south of Moss Vale.
Native holly attracts nectar-feeding butterflies.
Use in horticulture
- "Lomatia ilicifolia". APNI. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
- "Lomatia ilicifolia R.Br". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
- Harden, Gwen. "Lomatia ilicifolia". Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney: plantnet. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
- Jeanes, Jeff. "Lomatia ilicifolia". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria: vicflora. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
- "Lomatia ilicifolia". Yarra Ranges Shire Council. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
- Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
- Wrigley, John W.; Fagg, Murray (1983). Australian native plants : a manual for their propagation, cultivation and use in landscaping (2nd ed.). Sydney: Collins. pp. 258–259. ISBN 0002165759.