Looc, Romblon

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Official seal of Looc
Map of Romblon with Looc highlighted
Map of Romblon with Looc highlighted
Looc is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°16′N 122°00′E / 12.267°N 122.000°E / 12.267; 122.000Coordinates: 12°16′N 122°00′E / 12.267°N 122.000°E / 12.267; 122.000
Country Philippines
Region MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)
Province Romblon
District Lone district
Settled ca. 1730
Pueblo 1844
Barangays 12
 • Mayor Leila M. Arboleda[1]
 • Vice Mayor June Gadaoni[1]
 • Councilors Reyam Reyes
Nono Lachica
Gaga Bernardo
Bong Osorio
Dianson Taytay
Diday Gabuna
Ted Tirol
Lumen Galindez
 • Total 132.82 km2 (51.28 sq mi)
Population (2015)[4]
 • Total 22,262
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Zip Code 5507
IDD:area code 42

Looc is a fourth class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines.


Early history[edit]

Looc is from the Filipino/Onhan word look, meaning "bay", referring to the body of water the town encloses. The first settlers of Looc where Onhan-speaking tribes from Panay Island which came around 1730. The settlement was originally a barrio of the pueblo (town) of Cabolutan (located in present-day San Agustin) until 1790, when the town's population was wiped-out by a smallpox epidemic and the town was abolished. The abolition transferred Looc under the administration of pueblo de Banton in Banton Island.[5]

In the early 1800s, the settlement continued to progress and increase its population. Thus, in 1844, Spanish colonial authorities converted Looc into a full-pledged pueblo. Back then, Looc was still part of Capiz province, until 19 March 1853, when Romblon was officially declared a district separate from Capiz, and finally a full-pledged province in 1868. Looc was one of the first four municipalities of the newly created province of Romblon, the other three being Romblon (capitol), Banton, and Sibuyan (Cajidiocan). It then comprised the territories of what is now the municipalities of Alcantara and Santa Fe, and Carabao Island. Looc would lose these territories during the American colonial period beginning in 1901.[5]

Modern history[edit]

On 8 June 1940, the municipality was abolished by virtue of Commonwealth Act No. 581, also known as the "Festin Bill" (authored by Congressman Leonardo Festin). Looc was then consolidated into the special municipality of Tablas together with all other municipalities in the island and demoted to a barrio with a representative in the town's capitol in Odiongan. During the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines, the town became one of several emergency municipalities sponsored by the guerilla movement in the province. On 1 October 1946, Commonwealth Act No. 581 was repealed by Republic Act No. 38 (authored by Congressman Modesto Formilleza), thus abolishing the special municipality of Tablas and restoring Looc to its municipal status.[5]

On 21 March 1961, the municipality of Alcantara was created from the eastern barangays of Looc, reducing the municipality to its present size. Looc is a nice place to live.[6]

Former names and territorial changes[edit]

From Village/Barrio Town/Municipality/Pueblo Province
9 March 1853**
11 January 1868***
16 March 1901****
15 July 1907
10 March 1917
8 June 1940
1 October 1946

Looc became a fully pledged pueblo*
Separate district from Capiz**
As fully pledged politico-military province***
Province established by US civilian government****


Looc is located along the shores of Looc Bay on the southern portion of Tablas Island. It is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Ferrol and Odiongan, to east by the municipality of Alcantara, to the south by the municipality of Santa Fe and to the west by Looc Bay and Tablas Strait.[7] It has a total land area of 13,282 hectares (32,820 acres).[3] Its topography consists predominantly of slopes which are characterized as nearly level to slightly and strongly undulated rolling hills.[8]


Looc is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.[3]

  • Agojo
  • Balatucan
  • Buenavista
  • Camandag
  • Guinhaya-an
  • Limon Norte
  • Limon Sur
  • Manhac
  • Pili
  • Poblacion
  • Punta
  • Tuguis


Population census of Looc
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 6,056 —    
1918 11,021 +4.07%
1939 18,448 +2.48%
1948 14,830 −2.40%
1960 17,427 +1.35%
1970 12,813 −3.03%
1975 14,864 +3.02%
1980 15,341 +0.63%
1990 19,285 +2.31%
1995 19,196 −0.09%
2000 19,898 +0.77%
2007 20,787 +0.60%
2010 21,841 +1.82%
2015 22,262 +0.36%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[9][10][11][12]

According to the 2015 census, Looc has a population of 22,262 people.[4] Majority of its citizen speak to local dialect, Onhan.

Marine sanctuary[edit]

On 12 January 1999, the 48-hectare Looc Bay Marine Refuge and Sanctuary was officially opened in the municipality after four years of intensive community education on the value and better management of marine resources. The local government, together with the community through their Barangay Fishermen Organization and Looc Baywatch Task Force, worked together to ensure the safety of the Looc's marine resources. The marine sanctuary was awarded two Trailblazing Galing Pook awards in 2000 and 2007 by the Galing Pook Foundation for being the best Coastal Resource Management program. Today, the marine sanctuary is not just a refuge of marine wildlife, but a tourist destination which attracts revenues for the municipality.[13][14]

Local government[edit]

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[15] the municipal government is composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Bayan alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

Period Mayor Vice Mayor
30 June 2010 - 30 June 2013
Leila Arboleda
Ernesto P. Panes
30 June 2013 – 30 June 2016
Rolly Bautista
30 June 2016 - incumbent
June Gadaoni

The incumbent mayor and vice mayor are Leila Medina-Arboleda and June Gadaoni, respectively, both from the Nacionalista Party.


  1. ^ a b c "Looc, Romblon Elections". 
  2. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Province: Romblon". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Looc, Romblon. Reference.com Retrieved on 2012-04-18.
  6. ^ About Alcantara. Wikimapia. Retrieved on 2012-04-16.
  7. ^ Looc Municipal Profile: Physical Characteristics Official Website of Looc, Romblon. Retrieved on 2012-04-18.
  8. ^ Profile: Looc Romblon Travel Guide. Retrieved on 2012-04-18.
  9. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  10. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  11. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  12. ^ "Province of Romblon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  13. ^ "Directory of CRM Destionations: Looc, Romblon" (PDF). Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR). Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  14. ^ "Gawad Galing Pook 2000 awardees" (PDF). Galing Pook Foundation. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  15. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved April 21, 2014. 
  16. ^ a b Philippines 2010 Elections Results: Looc, Romblon
  17. ^ "2013 Election Results: Looc, Romblon - Comelec Live Data - Philippine National and Local Elections - Updated Real Time". 

External links[edit]