Lowell Bridge

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Lowell Covered Bridge
Lowell Covered Bridge - Lowell Oregon.jpg
The Lowell Covered Bridge from the interpretive center
Coordinates 43°54′34″N 122°46′46″W / 43.9095702°N 122.7795150°W / 43.9095702; -122.7795150 (Lowell Covered Bridge)Coordinates: 43°54′34″N 122°46′46″W / 43.9095702°N 122.7795150°W / 43.9095702; -122.7795150 (Lowell Covered Bridge)[1]
Carries Pioneer Street
Crosses Dexter Lake
Locale Near Lowell, Oregon, U.S.
Other name(s) Middle Fork Willamette River Covered Bridge
Preceded by First Lowell Bridge (replaced in 1945)
Followed by Pioneer Street (bypassed)
Characteristics
Design Covered Howe truss
Total length 165 feet (50 m)
Clearance below 2 feet (0.6 m) when dammed
History
Opened 1945
Closed 1981
Lowell Bridge
Lowell Bridge is located in Oregon
Lowell Bridge
Lowell Bridge is located in the US
Lowell Bridge
Nearest city Lowell, Oregon
Area 0.3 acres (0.12 ha)
Built 1945 (1945)
MPS Oregon Covered Bridges TR
NRHP Reference # 79002085[2][3]
Added to NRHP November 29, 1979

Lowell Bridge is a covered bridge in Lowell, Oregon, United States. The original bridge was built in 1907. The current bridge was built in 1945. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[3]

History[edit]

Before the Lowell Bridge was constructed, pioneer Amos Hyland settled on the Middle Fork Willamette River in 1874, and established the town of Lowell, which he named after his birthplace of Lowell, Maine.[4] The founding of the town coincided with construction of a railroad through the settlement. At the site of the current bridge, Hyland operated a ferry across the river. The ferry operated until 1907, when a bridge was built by Nels Roney,[4][5] who was also the builder of the Shelton-McMurphey-Johnson House in Eugene.

An accident occurred in 1945 when a truck caused major damage to the bridge. It was replaced by the current bridge, which is the widest in the state.[6] In 1953, in preparation for the flooding expected to be caused by the Dexter Dam in two years, the entire bridge was raised 6 feet (1.8 m), and the floor replaced. Dexter Dam inundated the area, creating Dexter Reservoir, when it was completed in 1955.[7] The engineers' water level calculations proved to be correct: the water clearance was about 2 feet (0.6 m).[4][5]

After 1979[edit]

On November 29, 1979, the bridge was added to the National Register of Historic Places.[3] A concrete bypass of the bridge was under construction at the time, when a dump truck with its bed up drove through, causing major damage to the bridge. Unlike the prior damage, the bridge was repaired with new roof braces and portal boards[5] before the bypass was opened a few weeks later.[4]

The Western Federal Lands Highway Division, Lane County, the Oregon Department of Transportation, and the United States Forest Service built an interpretive center in 2006 for $1.2 million.[4] It includes several signs explaining the history of Lane County's covered bridges, and the area around Lowell and Lowell Bridge.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lowell Covered Bridge". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
  2. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ a b c "Oregon National Register List" (PDF). Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. June 6, 2011. p. 22. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Middle Fork Willamette River (Lowell) Covered Bridge". Oregon Interactive Corporation. Retrieved February 16, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c Oregon Tourism. "Lowell Bridge". Travel Oregon. Retrieved February 16, 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Lane County. "Lowell Bridge". Retrieved February 16, 2010. 
  7. ^ Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). "Dexter Dam". BPA. Retrieved February 16, 2010.