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Flickr - Steve Z - Cobray M11-removebg-preview.png
A Cobray MAC-11/9, a variant of the MAC-11
TypeMachine pistol
Place of originUnited States
Service history
In service1972–present
Used bySee Users
Production history
DesignerGordon Ingram[1]
Prototype was in development in 1964 and 1965
ManufacturerMilitary Armament Corporation
Cobray Company
SWD Inc.
Jersey Arms
MasterPiece Arms
Mass1.59 kg (3.50 lbs)
Length248 mm (531 mm stock extended) (9.76 in/20.90 in)
Barrel length129 mm

Cartridge.380 ACP (9×17mm)
9×19mm Parabellum
ActionStraight Blowback
Rate of fire1200 rounds/min[2]
Muzzle velocity980 ft/s
Effective firing range
Feed system16 or 32-round box magazine[1][4]
SightsIron sights

The MAC-11 (Military Armament Corporation Model 11) is a machine pistol developed by American firearm designer Gordon Ingram at the Military Armament Corporation (MAC) during the 1970s in Powder Springs, Georgia, United States.[5][6] The weapon is a sub-compact version of the Model 10 (MAC-10), and is chambered to fire the smaller .380 ACP round.[6]

This weapon is sometimes confused with the Sylvia & Wayne Daniels M-11/9, its successor the Leinad PM-11, or the Vulcan M-11-9, both of which are later variants of the MAC chambered for the 9 mm Parabellum cartridge.[7][2] Cobray also made a .380 ACP variant called the M12.[8]



Like the larger M-10, the M-11 has iron sights with the rear pinhole sight welded to the receiver. These sights are for use with the folding stock, as using them without the stock is nearly useless because of the initial jump of the weapon due to its heavy, open-bolt design. The M-11A1 also has two safety features which are also found on the Model 10A1. The charging handle rotates to 90 degrees to lock the bolt in the forward position thus preventing the weapon from being cocked. The second safety is a slider which is pushed forward to lock the trigger, which in turn pins the bolt to the rear (cocked) position. This prevents the weapon from discharging even when dropped, which is not uncommon with an open-bolt design.


MAC-11/9 with 32-round magazine and suppressor.

The rate of fire of the M-11A1 is one of the biggest complaints on the firearm. Listed as 1,200 rpm (rounds per minute),[2] the MAC-11 is capable of emptying the entire 32-round magazine in less than two seconds, which many users view as a drawback.[9] Rate of fire will also vary depending on the weight of bullets used. The gun also has a selector switch that allows it to fire only one round at a time in the semi-automatic mode.

Noting the weapon's poor accuracy, in the 1970s International Association of Police Chiefs weapons researcher David Steele described the MAC series as "fit only for combat in a phone booth."[10]

The M-11 is the least common version in the MAC family of firearms. At the MAC-11's high cyclic rate, extreme trigger discipline is required to discharge short bursts, which are required for combat effectiveness. Without proper training, the natural tendency of the inexperienced shooter is to hold down the trigger, discharging the entire magazine in little more than two seconds, often with poor accuracy due to recoil.

Sound suppressor[edit]

A specific suppressor was developed for the MAC-11, which used wipes as baffles, instead of the reflex baffles that Mitchell WerBell III created for the MAC-10. Though wipes are less durable than reflex baffles, they had the advantage of proving quieter for the MAC-11. The suppressor is 224 mm in length and is covered with Nomex-A heat-resistant material.[1]


MAC-type submachine guns and semi-automatic pistols were first manufactured by the Military Armament Corporation, and later by RPB Inc., Sylvia/Wayne Daniel Inc.,[11] Cobray, Jersey Arms, Leinad, MasterPiece Arms,[2] and Vulcan.


  •  Venezuela: Known to be used by the Cuerpo de Investigaciones Científicas Penales y Criminalísticas (Scientific Penal and Criminal Investigations Corps).[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Hogg, Ian (1989). Jane's Infantry Weapons 1989-90, 15th Edition. Jane's Information Group. p. 117. ISBN 0-7106-0889-6.
  2. ^ a b c d Robert E. Walker (2012). Cartridges and Firearm Identification. CRC Press. pp. 216, 241, 322. ISBN 1466502061.
  3. ^ "MAC Ingram M10 / M11 (USA)". – Modern Firearms Encyclopedia. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
  4. ^ "Operation and Maintenance Manual: Military Armament Corporation" (PDF). Military Armament Corporation. pp. 2, 5, 28.
  5. ^ Frank Iannamico. The Mac Man: Gordon B. Ingram and His Submachine Guns. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-9823918-1-5.
  6. ^ a b Jack Lewis (2004). Assault Weapons. Krause. p. 76.
  7. ^ Jones, Richard (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009-2010. Jane's Information Group. p. 139. ISBN 0-7106-2869-2.
  8. ^ Jerry Lee (2011). The Gun Digest Book of Guns & Prices 2011. Gun Digest Books. p. 235. ISBN 1440235430.
  9. ^ "Ingram MAC Model 10 / M10 and Model 11 / M11 submachine guns (USA)". Official site.
  10. ^ Jack Lewis (28 February 2011). Assault Weapons. Gun Digest Books. pp. 79–. ISBN 1-4402-2400-5.
  11. ^ Iannamico, Ian. "Manufacturing History of Ingram-MAC Type Firearms". Small Arms Review. Chipotle Publishing, LLC. 20 (1): 104.
  12. ^ "Early Colt SP1 self-loading rifle in Venezuela – Armament Research Services". Retrieved 29 January 2021.


External links[edit]