The MAC-11A1 without a magazine and the stock folded
|Place of origin||United States|
|In service||1972–1975|
Lebanese Civil War|
|Designed||1972 prototype was in development in 1964 and 1965|
Military Armament Corporation|
|Weight||1.59 kg (3.50 lbs)|
|Length||248 mm (531 mm stock extended) (9.76 in/20.90 in)|
|Barrel length||129 mm|
|Rate of fire||1200 /min|
|Muzzle velocity||980 ft/s|
|Effective firing range||50 m|
|Feed system||16 or 32-rounds box magazine|
The Ingram MAC-11 (Military Armament Corporation Model 11) is a subcompact machine pistol developed by American gun designer Gordon Ingram at the Military Armament Corporation (MAC) during the 1970s. The weapon is a sub-compact version of the Model 10 (MAC-10), and is chambered to fire the smaller .380 ACP round.
This weapon is sometimes confused with the Sylvia & Wayne Daniels M-11/9 or the Vulcan M-11-9, both of which are later variants of the MAC chambered for 9 mm Luger Parabellum cartridge. Cobray also made a .380 ACP variant called the M12.
A specific suppressor was developed for the MAC-11, which used wipes as baffles, instead of the reflex baffles that Mitchell Werbell III created for the MAC-10. Though wipes are less durable than reflex baffles, they had the advantage of proving quieter for the MAC-11. The suppressor is 224 mm in length and is covered with Nomex-A heat-resistant material.
Like the larger M-10, the M-11 has open sights with the rear pinhole sight welded to the receiver. These sights are for use with the folding stock, as using them without the stock is nearly useless because of the initial jump of the weapon due to its heavy, open-bolt design. The M-11A1 also has two safety features which are also found on the Model 10A1. The charging handle rotates to 90 degrees to lock the bolt in the forward position thus preventing the weapon from being cocked. The second safety is a slider which is pushed forward to lock the trigger, which in turn pins the bolt to the rear (cocked) position. This prevents the weapon from discharging even when dropped, which is not uncommon with an open-bolt design.
The rate of fire of the M-11A1 is one of the biggest complaints on the firearm. Listed as approximately 1,200 rpm (rounds per minute), the MAC-11 is capable of emptying the entire 32-round magazine in less than two seconds, which many users view as a drawback. Rate of fire will also vary depending on the weight of bullets used. The gun also has a selector switch that allows it to fire only one round at a time in the semi-automatic mode.
Noting the weapon's poor accuracy, in the 1970s International Association of Police Chiefs weapons researcher David Steele described the MAC series as "fit only for combat in a phone booth."
The M-11 is the least common version in the MAC family of firearms. At the MAC-11's high cyclic rate, extreme trigger discipline is required to discharge short bursts, which are required for combat expediency. Without proper training, the natural tendency of the inexperienced shooter is to hold down the trigger, discharging the entire magazine in little more than two seconds, often with poor accuracy due to recoil.
MAC-type submachine guns and semi-automatic pistols were first manufactured by the Military Armament Corporation, and later by RPB Inc., Sylvia/Wayne Daniel Inc., Cobray, Jersey Arms, Leinad, MasterPiece Arms, and Vulcan.
- Hogg, Ian (1989). Jane's Infantry Weapons 1989-90, 15th Edition. Jane's Information Group. p. 117. ISBN 0-7106-0889-6.
- "Operation and Maintenance Manual: Military Armament Corporation" (PDF). Military Armament Corporation. pp. 2, 5, 28.
- Jack Lewis (2004). Assault Weapons. Krause. p. 76.
- Jones, Richard (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009-2010. Jane's Information Group. p. 139. ISBN 0-7106-2869-2.
- Robert E. Walker (2012). Cartridges and Firearm Identification. CRC Press. pp. 216, 241, 322. ISBN 1466502061.
- Jerry Lee (2011). The Gun Digest Book of Guns & Prices 2011. Gun Digest Books. p. 235. ISBN 1440235430.
- "Ingram MAC Model 10 / M10 and Model 11 / M11 submachine guns (USA)". Official site.
- Jack Lewis (28 February 2011). Assault Weapons. Gun Digest Books. pp. 79–. ISBN 1-4402-2400-5.
- Iannamico, Ian. "Manufacturing History of Ingram-MAC Type Firearms". Small Arms Review. Chipotle Publishing, LLC. 20 (1): 104.
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