^Cristina Mazzaccara; Dario Iafusco; Rosario Liguori; Maddalena Ferrigno; Alfonso Galderisi; Domenico Vitale; Francesca Simonelli; Paolo Landolfo; Francesco Prisco; Mariorosario Masullo & Lucia Sacchetti (2012-04-19). "Mitochondrial Diabetes in Children: Seek and You Will Find It". PLOS ONE. 7: e34956. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0034956. PMC3334935. PMID22536343. Retrieved 2013-02-28. We sequenced the mtDNA in the 11 probands, in their mothers and in 80 controls. We identified 33 diabetes-suspected mutations, 1/33 was 3243A>G. Most patients (91%) and their mothers had mutations in complex I and/or IV of the respiratory chain.