Neptuna on her side in Darwin Harbour
|Name:||MV Rio Panuco|
|Namesake:||Pánuco River, Mexico|
|Operator:||Flensburger Dampfer Co.|
|Port of registry:||Flensburg|
|Builder:||Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel|
|Laid down:||18 June 1924|
|Launched:||2 October 1924|
|Operator:||Norddeutscher Lloyd Linie|
|Port of registry:||Bremen|
|Route:||New Guinea – Hong Kong|
|Operator:||Burns, Philp & Co|
|Port of registry:||Hong Kong|
|Fate:||sunk 1942, broken up partially 1960|
|Tonnage:||5,952 gross tonnage|
|Displacement:||1,410 long tons (1,433 t)|
|Length:||119.8 m (393 ft)|
|Beam:||15.84 m (52.0 ft)|
|Draught:||7.7 m (25 ft)|
|Installed power:||760 NHP|
|Propulsion:||12 cylinder Krupp diesel engine, screw|
MV Neptuna was a 5,952 ton cargo motor vessel. She was launched as MV Rio Panuco in 1924, renamed MV Neptun in 1931 and finally became MV Neptuna in 1935. She was sunk during the Japanese air raid on Darwin on 19 February 1942, during World War II.
Rio Panuco was built and launched in 1924 in Kiel by Friedrich Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel for H. Schuldt's Flensburger Dampfer Co. She traded between Germany and Central America until 1931 when the company went bankrupt in the Great Depression.
She was sold to Norddeutscher Lloyd Line (NDL) of Bremen, who renamed her Neptun. By 1934 was running her on the service between New Guinea and Hong Kong in competition with Burns, Philp & Co. Burns, Philp asked the Australian Government to stop NDL from operating out of New Guinea but the government declined.
Instead the Australian government offered to pay the interest on any money Burns, Philp borrowed to buy her. This was agreed so in 1935 Burns, Philp bought her and renamed her Neptuna. Burns, Philp is an Australian company but it registered Neptuna in Hong Kong. She operated on the Australia, New Guinea, Philippines, Hong Kong, Saigon service. Saigon in French Indochina (now Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam) was then the main source of supply of rice to New Guinea.
In February 1942 Neptuna was off Stokes Hill Wharf, Darwin, Australia unloading a cargo of depth charges, TNT, and other armaments. MV Neptuna was sunk on 19 February 1942 during the 9:58 bombing raid in which bombs exploded in Neptuna's saloon and engine room. Forty-five men died on board including 9 wharf labourers and 36 crew members. Many others were seriously injured and the ship was set on fire. As the crew prepared to abandon her, 100 depth charges exploded, showering the harbour with debris and sending flames and smoke 100 metres into the air.
Part of the wreck was salvaged by Japanese contractors in 1960. The remainder still lies in Darwin Harbour at Coordinates: .
- "Details of the Ship". Plimsoll ShipData. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
- Lettens, Jan; Allen, Tony (31 July 2008). "MV Neptuna (+1942)". The Wreck Site. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
- *"Commemorative Roll at Australian War Memorial"
- "Loss of the MV Neptuna at Darwin, 19th February, 1942 – Report by John Hyde Ship Surgeon". National Archives of Australia NAA. B6121, 156B
Boniface, George W. "The Bombing of the MV Neptuna by Japanese in Darwin 1942" in Smith, Alan Carnegie. Outback Corridor. Plympton, S. Aust. : A.C. Smith, 2002. p. 205-213
Buckley, K. and Klugman, K. The Australian presence in the Pacific : Burns Philp, 1914–1946. Sydney : George Allen & Unwin, 1983.
McCarthy, Sophie. World War II shipwrecks and the first Japanese air raid on Darwin, 19 February 1942. Darwin : Northern Territory Museum of Arts & Sciences, 1992.
Smith, Neil C. With the red duster : Gardenvale, Vic. : Mostly Unsung Military History Research and Publications, c 2006.
Steinberg, David Raising the war: Japanese salvage divers and allied shipwrecks in post-war Darwin Bulletin of the Australasian Institute for Maritime Archaeology, v.33, 2009: 11–18