M Ocean View

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M Ocean View
M Ocean View logo.svg
San Francisco-M Oceanview SF State Station.jpg
The San Francisco State University Station at the intersection of 19th Avenue and Holloway
Overview
Type Light rail/Streetcar
System Muni Metro
Locale San Francisco, California
Termini Embarcadero Station
San Jose and Geneva
Stations 26
Daily ridership 26,920 (2013)[1]
Operation
Opened 1925; 91 years ago (1925)[2]
Owner San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency
Operator(s) San Francisco Municipal Railway
Character At grade & Underground
Rolling stock 151 Breda light rail vehicles
(high floor)
Technical
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
(standard gauge)
Electrification Overhead lines, 600 V DC
Route diagram
N Judah logo.svg T Third Street logo.svg
J Church logo.svg L Taraval logo.svg
Embarcadero F  Bay Area Rapid Transit San Francisco Ferry Building
MontgomeryBay Area Rapid Transit
Central Subway 2018
PowellBay Area Rapid Transit
Civic CenterBay Area Rapid Transit
Van Ness US 101
N Judah logo.svg |  F 
J Church logo.svg
Church
Castro
Market Street Railway
closed
1980
Eureka
closed
1972
Twin Peaks Tunnel
Forest Hill
West Portal
L Taraval logo.svg
West Portal & 14th Av.
St. Francis Circle
K Ingleside logo.svg
Ocean
Eucalyptus
Stonestown Galleria
San Francisco State University
19th Av. & Junipero Serra
Randolph & 19th Av.
Randolph & Arch
Randolph & Bright
Broad & Orizaba
Broad & Capitol
Broad & Plymouth
San Jose & Farallones
San Jose & Lakeview
San Jose & Mt. Vernon
I-280
San Jose & Niagra
San Jose & Geneva
Balboa ParkBay Area Rapid Transit
J Church logo.svg K Ingleside logo.svg

The M Ocean View is a Muni Metro light rail line in San Francisco, California. It was one of San Francisco's streetcar lines in the early 20th century.

History[edit]

The M Ocean View line began operation in 1925[2] with the outbound terminus at the intersection of Broad Street and Plymouth Avenue in the city's Ocean View District, where streetcars used a wye to turn around. Service along this route was replaced by buses in 1939, but rail service was shortly restored in 1944.[2] While many streetcar lines were permanently converted to buses after World War II, the M Ocean View remained a streetcar line due to its use of the Twin Peaks Tunnel. On August 30, 1980, the line was extended to Balboa Park BART station.[3] The line was partially converted to modern light-rail operation with the opening of the Muni Metro system in 1980. Eureka Station in the Twin Peaks Tunnel was originally a stop in regular service, but the station was closed in 1972 and replaced, ten years later, by Castro Street Station when the Market Street Subway system opened.

Route description[edit]

The line runs from the Embarcadero Station in the Financial District to Geneva Avenue and San Jose Avenue near City College of San Francisco in the Balboa Park neighborhood. The downtown portion of the line runs through the Market Street Subway, which it shares with the four other Muni Metro lines. It continues through the much older Twin Peaks Tunnel, along with the K Ingleside and L Taraval lines, emerging at West Portal Station. From there, it follows West Portal Avenue to the Saint Francis Circle, where it then takes its own right-of-way to 19th Avenue. The portion of the line on 19th Avenue between where it joins 19th near Eucalyptus Drive and Junipero Serra Boulevard is a right-of-way separated from the street. This section has two stations with high-platforms, one at the Stonestown Galleria on Winston Drive and the other at San Francisco State University on Holloway Avenue. It continues on 19th Avenue past Junipero Serra to Randolph Street. At the end of Randolph, the M uses Orizaba Avenue to get to Broad Street and takes that to San Jose Avenue. The rest of the line follows San Jose Avenue to Geneva Avenue, where the line loops around the Metro yard there on the corner opposite from Balboa Park Station.

The M Ocean View line stops at large stations for the downtown section of the route and on 19th Avenue and at smaller stops on the rest of the line. Most of the smaller stops are nothing more than a sign on the side of the street designating a stop and a few others are concrete 'islands' in the middle of the street next to the tracks that provide access for wheelchairs. Muni bus routes provide service to all stations and other systems with access to the stations are noted.

19th Avenue Transit Study[edit]

M Ocean View moves at only 8.5 to 9.5 miles per hour (13.7 to 15.3 km/h) during afternoon commute hours over a 2-mile (3.2 km) distance along 19th Avenue/Highway 1. The slow speed is attributed to stopping the train at multiple busy street crossings.[4] In addition, the majority of riders access 19th Avenue stops from the west side of 19th, since Stonestown Galleria, San Francisco State University and Parkmerced are all located west of 19th. In order to access the stops, which are located in the median of 19th Avenue, pedestrians cross three lanes of traffic and a turn lane. In San Francisco, 55% of severe and fatal pedestrian accidents occur on 7% of its street miles, which includes the 19th Avenue/Highway 1 corridor.[5] In response, the San Francisco County Transportation Authority commissioned a study, published in 2014 to explore options to facilitate pedestrian access and improve travel times.

The highest-performing option was named the "Longer subway and bridge" for its major features. This alternative proposed taking trains underground just south of St. Francis Circle before crossing Ocean Avenue in the private right-of-way. Instead of crossing Holloway on 19th, the tracks would be realigned in a south-southwest direction to run closer to Juan Bautista Circle in Parkmerced. Southbound tracks would surface on the west side of 19th Avenue south of Buckingham Way, while northbound tracks would remain underground until Font Boulevard south of Gonzalez Drive. From Font, both tracks would travel on a new bridge across Junipero Serra and touch down on Randolph, thereafter maintaining the current alignment. This was estimated to save the average transit rider five minutes and would likely cost US$520,000,000 (equivalent to $520,000,000 in 2015).[4] The Draft Rail Capacity Strategy, released by Muni in 2016, listed the 19th Street Grade Separation as a Tier 1 Long Term Corridor Investment (the highest priority) with estimated costs between $2.5- and $3-billion.[6]

Operation[edit]

The M Ocean View begins service at 5 a.m. weekdays, 6 a.m. Saturdays and 8 a.m. Sundays, with the end of service occurring around 12:30 a.m. each night. It operates a headway of 9 to 12 minutes during the day, and 15 to 20 minutes at night. There is no late night service along the entire M line, however part of the L-Owl diesel bus line runs from West Portal Station to Market Street and Steuart Street, near Embarcadero Station, and the 91 Owl line operates on 19th Avenue. On Sunday mornings only, there is a M-Owl diesel bus line that runs on surface streets from Market Street and Steuart Street to Balboa Park between the times owl service stops and the underground subway stations open.

St. Francis Circle Project[edit]

In May 2010, the San Francisco MTA began a major project to reconstruct and replace the rail junction at St. Francis Circle. The MTA decided to discontinue all M Ocean View rail service for the duration of the project.[7] Passengers were required to take K Ingleside trains (which temporarily terminated at 14th Avenue) or L Taraval trains and transfer to temporary shuttle bus service at West Portal. Full M Ocean View service was restored on Sept. 4, 2010.[8]

Station and stop listing[edit]

inbound to outbound

Station Neighborhood Other Muni
Metro lines
Notes
Handicapped/disabled access Embarcadero Financial District J Church logo.svg K Ingleside logo.svg L Taraval logo.svg N Judah logo.svg T Third Street logo.svg S Shuttle logo.svg Inbound terminus
Connects to F Market & Wharves and BART
Serves Ferry Building
Handicapped/disabled access Montgomery Street Financial District J Church logo.svg K Ingleside logo.svg L Taraval logo.svg N Judah logo.svg T Third Street logo.svg S Shuttle logo.svg Connects to F Market & Wharves and BART
Handicapped/disabled access Powell Street Financial District J Church logo.svg K Ingleside logo.svg L Taraval logo.svg N Judah logo.svg T Third Street logo.svg S Shuttle logo.svg Connects to F Market & Wharves and BART
Handicapped/disabled access Civic Center/UN Plaza Civic Center J Church logo.svg K Ingleside logo.svg L Taraval logo.svg N Judah logo.svg T Third Street logo.svg S Shuttle logo.svg Connects to F Market & Wharves and BART
Handicapped/disabled access Van Ness Civic Center and Tenderloin J Church logo.svg K Ingleside logo.svg L Taraval logo.svg N Judah logo.svg T Third Street logo.svg S Shuttle logo.svg Connects to F Market & Wharves
Handicapped/disabled access Church Street Duboce Triangle J Church logo.svg* K Ingleside logo.svg L Taraval logo.svg T Third Street logo.svg S Shuttle logo.svg *Connects with J Church on surface stop at 14th Street
Connects with F Market & Wharves streetcar
Handicapped/disabled access Castro Street Castro K Ingleside logo.svg L Taraval logo.svg T Third Street logo.svg S Shuttle logo.svg
Handicapped/disabled access Forest Hill Forest Hill and Laguna Honda K Ingleside logo.svg L Taraval logo.svg T Third Street logo.svg S Shuttle logo.svg
Handicapped/disabled access West Portal West Portal K Ingleside logo.svg L Taraval logo.svg T Third Street logo.svg S Shuttle logo.svg
West Portal and 14th Avenue West Portal K Ingleside logo.svg
Handicapped/disabled access St. Francis Circle St. Francis Wood K Ingleside logo.svg
Ocean Merced Manor right-of-way
Eucalyptus Merced Manor right-of-way
Handicapped/disabled access Stonestown Parkmerced Intersection of 19th and Winston
serves Stonestown Galleria
Handicapped/disabled access San Francisco State University Parkmerced Intersection of 19th and Holloway
serves nearby SFSU
19th Avenue and Junipero Serra Merced Heights
Randolph and 19th Avenue Merced Heights
Handicapped/disabled access Randolph and Arch Merced Heights
Randolph and Bright Ingleside
Broad and Orizaba Ingleside
Broad and Capitol Ingleside
Handicapped/disabled access Broad and Plymouth Ingleside
San Jose and Farallones Ingleside
San Jose and Lakeview Ingleside
San Jose and Mount Vernon Ingleside
San Jose and Niagra Ingleside
Handicapped/disabled access San Jose and Geneva Ingleside J Church logo.svg K Ingleside logo.svg* Outbound terminus
Within walking distance of Balboa Park BART station *(served by J Church and K Ingleside directly)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "TEP Route Data & Proposed Changes". San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA). 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-15. 
  2. ^ a b c Demery, Jr., Leroy W. (November 2011). "U.S. Urban Rail Transit Lines Opened From 1980" (pdf). publictransit.us. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  3. ^ McKane, John; Perles, Anthony (1982). Inside Muni: The Properties and Operations of the Municipal Railway of San Francisco. Glendale, CA (US): Interurban Press. p. 198. ISBN 0-916374-49-1. 
  4. ^ a b 19th Avenue Transit Study (PDF) (Report). San Francisco County Transportation Authority. March 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  5. ^ WalkFirst: Improving Safety & Walking Conditions in San Francicso (PDF) (Report). San Francisco Department of Public Health. October 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 4.3 HIGH-INJURY DENSITY CORRIDORS
    The identified corridors shown in blue in Map 3 represent 6.7% of San Francisco's street miles, and include 55% of all severe and fatal injuries and 51% of total pedestrian injuries in the five-year period.
     
  6. ^ "Draft Rail Capacity Study - February 2016" (PDF). SFMTA. Retrieved 20 February 2016. 
  7. ^ "SFMTA Announces Details of St. Francis Circle Project to Begin in May". San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA). April 29, 2010. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  8. ^ "SFMTA Prepares to Restore 61 Percent of Muni May 8 Service Cuts and Completes St. Francis Circle Project". San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA). September 2, 2010. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 

External links[edit]