Macedonian general election, 2014
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of Macedonia
General elections[a] were held in the Republic of Macedonia in April 2014 to elect the President and members of parliament. The first round of the presidential elections were held on 13 April, with incumbent president Gjorge Ivanov getting the lead with 52% of the vote. However, as he did not receive the support of 50% of all registered voters, a second round was held on 27 April, alongside parliamentary elections, with Ivanov and the ruling coalition led by VMRO-DPMNE claiming victory.
The parliamentary election was brought forward to coincide with that of the president following VMRO-DPMNE and DUI's failure to agree on a combined presidential candidate.
The incumbent president Gjorge Ivanov, supported by the governing party, the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity (VMRO-DPMNE), successfully nominated himself for reelection after collecting 63,253 signatures from Macedonian citizens. The Social Democratic Union of Macedonia candidate Stevo Pendarovski was nominated by the signatures of the opposition parties' members of parliament. Other candidates nominated by over 10,000 signatures included Zoran T. Popovski from the Citizen Option for Macedonia, and Ilijaz Halimi from the Democratic Party of Albanians.
The first round of the presidential election was held on 13 April. The candidates were Gjorge Ivanov (VMRO-DPMNE), Stevo Pendarovski (SDSM), Ilijaz Halimi (DPA), and Zoran Popovski (GROM). The ethnic Albanian party Democratic Union for Integration, a junior coalition member, campaigned for boycott of the presidential election, opposing VMRO-DPMNE's decision to run Ivanov for reelection.
SDSM's Pendarovski controversially visited Pristina where he criticised the government policies in terms of foreign policy and that Albania has the highest GDP in the region despite reports by institutions and other politicians saying it was Macedonia.
Parties and coalitions
Fourteen political parties and coalitions contested the election, having submitted candidate lists for MPs in at least one of the six constituencies within the country and the three in the diaspora. Three among them, namely, VMRO-DPMNE, SDSM and DUI, submitted their candidate lists in all nine constituencies.
The VMRO-DPMNE-led coalition consisted of 22 parties: VMRO-DPMNE, the Socialist Party of Macedonia, the Democratic Union, Democratic Renewal of Macedonia, the Democratic Party of Turks, the Democratic Party of Serbs in Macedonia, the Union of Roma in Macedonia, the United Party for Emancipation, the Party of Justice, the Party of the Democratic Action of Macedonia, the Party of the Vlachs from Macedonia, the Party for Integration of the Roma, the Bosniak Democratic Party, Democratic Forces of the Roma, Permanent Macedonian Radical Unification, the New Liberal Party, the People's Movement for Macedonia, VMRO–Democratic Party, VMRO-United, Fatherland's Macedonian Organisation for Radical Renewal–Vardar–Aegean–Pirin TMORO – VEP, Macedonian Alliance, and VMRO – Macedonian.
The SDSM-led coalition included nine parties; the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia, the New Social Democratic Party, the Liberal Democratic Party, United for Macedonia, the Party for the Movement of Turks in Macedonia, the Party for the Full Emancipation of the Roma of Macedonia, the Serbian Party in Macedonia, the Democratic Alliance of Vlachs, and the Sandžak List.
The Citizen Option for Macedonia (GROM)-led alliance consisted of the Citizen Option for Macedonia, the Liberal Party, the Serbian Progressive Party in Macedonia, the Union of Tito's Left Forces, and the Party of Free Democrats.
SDSM's Zoran Zaev said that the election was about "choosing whether [Macedonians] will support the fight for freedom and the right to a better life, or continue with state robbery." Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski said: "We need a majority so nobody can blackmail us and we can keep up with the programme...that would lead Macedonia into the EU and NATO."
|Poll source||Date||Sample size||Ivanov
|Center for Information and Research (CIG)||March 2014||2,400||29.3%||19.4%||6.1%||-||8.7%||35%|
|Center for Research and Analysis||March 2014||1,839||42.2%||19.7%||5.2%||5.4%||9.1%||18.4%|
|Election Results||13 April 2014||869,137||51.7%||37.5%||2.2%||1.8%|
|Poll source||Date||Sample size||VMRO-DPMNE||SDSM||DUI||DPA||NDR||GROM|
|Dimitrija Čupovski||January 2014||1,530||59||36||15||7||1||2|
|Dimitrija Čupovski||April 2014||1,500||63||31||15||10||1||–|
Monitoring and external influence
The second round of the election had accreditations given to 9,952 domestic and 550 foreign observers, as well as 283 translators, according to the State Election Commission.
In second round voting, centres were open from 5:00 GMT to 17:00 GMT. Turnout was reported as 9.58% in the first three hours.
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Stevo Pendarovski||Social Democratic Union||326,164||37.51||398,077||41.14|
|Ilijaz Halimi||Democratic Party of Albanians||38,966||4.48|
|Zoran T. Popovski||Citizen Option for Macedonia||31,368||3.61|
The incumbent government, led by VMRO-DPMNE, won 42.98% of the votes to claim victory ahead of SDSM with 25.34% and DUI with 13.71%. The 123 seats in the Sobranie were won by six political parties and coalitions with VMRO-DPMNE winning 61 seats, SDSM winning 34 seats, DUI winning 19 seats, DPA winning 7 seats and GROM and NDP winning 1 seat each.
|Social Democratic Union coalition||283,955||25.34||34||−8|
|Democratic Union for Integration||153,646||13.71||19||+4|
|Democratic Party of Albanians||66,393||5.92||7||−1|
|Citizen Option for Macedonia coalition||31,610||2.82||1||New|
|National Democratic Revival||17,783||1.59||1||−1|
|Coalition for a Positive Macedonia||10,566||0.94||0||New|
|Social Democratic Party||4,700||0.42||0||0|
|Party for a European Future||3,194||0.29||0||New|
|Popular Movement for Macedonia||1,925||0.17||0||New|
|Party for Economic Change 21||1,281||0.11||0||New|
|Party for Democratic Prosperity||385||0.03||0||0|
After voting ended the SDSM's Zoran Zaev said that "SDSM and our opposition coalition will not recognise the election process, neither the presidential nor the parliamentary." He accused the government of "abusing the entire state system." It followed reports that Gruevski had warned that the SDSM was preparing, as an alibi, to react in such a manner to the election because they were due to lose the election.
- a The term "general elections" is used to refer to the presidential and parliamentary elections that were, incidentally, held on the same date since the Republic of Macedonia has a parliamentary system in which both elections are held separately.
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