Kennedy in 1917
April 19, 1891|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||June 9, 1987
Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Harold Bolster (m. 1918; d. 1927)
William B. Hanley Jr. (m. 1939; d. 1959)
Madge Kennedy (April 19, 1891 – June 9, 1987) was a movie and stage actress of the silent film era.
Kennedy came to New York City with her mother to paint. She was admitted to the Art Student's League. Luis Mora saw her art work and recommended that she go to Siasconset (Nantucket, Massachusetts) for a summer. Mora described Kennedy as talented but very lazy.
The Siasconset colony was evenly divided among actors and artists, and painters often gave theatrical performances. Kennedy appeared at a painter's play and impressed one of the professionals there. He commented, "She could act rings around anybody." The professional was Harry Woodruff who promptly offered her a job in his play, The Genius. Soon she was in Cleveland, Ohio where Robert McLaughlin gave her work with his stock company.
Kennedy first appeared on Broadway in Little Miss Brown (1912), a farce in three acts presented at the 48th Street Theater. Critics found Kennedy's performance most pleasing, writing, "Miss Kennedy's youth, good looks, and marked sense of fun helped her to make a decidedly favorable impression last night." 1914 saw her in the popular Twin Beds, and in 1915 she scored a sensational hit at the Eltinge Theater as Blanny Wheeler opposite John Cumberland in Avery Hopwood's classic farce, Fair and Warmer, which ran 377 performances. Critic Louis Vincent DeFoe wrote, "Madge Kennedy proves anew that consummate art is involved even in farcical acting." In the late Teens she would leave the stage for three years to appear in moving pictures for Samuel Goldwyn (see "Films" below).
Kennedy returned to the New York stage in November 1920, playing in Cornered, staged at the Astor Theatre. Produced by Henry Savage, the play, taken from the writing of Dodson Mitchell, offered Kennedy a dual role. In 1923 she starred opposite W.C. Fields in Poppy, where she enjoyed top billing. In the comedy, Beware of Widows (1925), which was produced at Maxine Elliott Theatre, a reviewer for The New York Times noted, once again, Kennedy's physical beauty as well as her skill as a comedian. Later, she starred in Philip Barry's Paris Bound (1927) and in Noël Coward's Private Lives (1931), having succeeded Gertrude Lawrence. After an absence of 33 years, she returned to Broadway in August 1965, appearing with her good friend Ruth Gordon in Gordon and Kanin's A Very Rich Woman.
After Broadway, Sam Goldwyn of Goldwyn Pictures signed Kennedy to a big movie contract. Kennedy starred in movies such as Baby Mine (1917), Nearly Married (1917), Our Little Wife (1918), The Service Star (1918) and Dollars and Sense (1920).
Kennedy told a reporter in 1916, "I have discovered that one of the best ways to act is to make your mind as vacant as possible." In 1918, Our Little Wife premiered with Kennedy playing the role of Dodo Warren. The story is about a woman whose marriage is both humorous and sad. The screenplay was adapted from a comedy by Avery Hopwood. A Perfect Lady (1918) was released in December and was taken from a stage play by Channing Pollock and Rennold Wolf. Kennedy co-starred with James Montgomery. In 1923, she starred in The Purple Highway. The screenplay is an adaptation of the stage play Dear Me, written by Luther Reed and Hale Hamilton. The cast included Monte Blue and Emily Fitzroy.
The 1920s were a productive period for Kennedy. Following The Purple Highway, she had prominent roles in Three Miles Out (1924), Scandal Sheet (1925), Bad Company (1925), Lying Wives (1925), Oh, Baby! (1926), and Walls Tell Tales (1928).
She was out of motion pictures until she resumed her career in The Marrying Kind (1952) and Main Street to Broadway (1953). In the late 1950s, she combined TV work with roles in movies like The Catered Affair (1956), Lust for Life (1956), Houseboat (1958), A Nice Little Bank That Should Be Robbed (1958), Plunderers of Painted Flats (1959), and North by Northwest (1959). She has an uncredited part as a secretary in the Marilyn Monroe film Let's Make Love (1960).
Radio and television
As a guest on the Red Davis series (1934) over NBC Radio and WJZ (WABC-AM) network, Kennedy worked with Burgess Meredith who had the title role. She was written into the full script by the program's creator, Elaine Sterne Carrington.
Kennedy was prolific in terms of her television appearances beginning with an episode of the Schlitz Playhouse of Stars (1954). Her additional performances in television series are Studio 57 (1954), General Electric Theater (1954), Science Fiction Theater (1955), The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp (1960), The Best of the Post (1961), Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1956–1961), The Alfred Hitchcock Hour (1962), The Twilight Zone (1963), and CBS Playhouse (1967). She also had a semi-recurring role as Theodore Cleaver's Aunt Martha on the hit family sitcom Leave it to Beaver (1957–63). She played June Cleaver's aunt and the Beaver's great-aunt. Ms. Kennedy also appeared as Mimi (the wife of Albert, Felix's grandfather played by Tony Randall) in The Odd Couple (1972).
Personal life and death
Kennedy requested her release from a contract with Sam Goldwyn. She decided to return to the stage in 1921, so that she could be close to her husband, broker Harold Bolster, in New York. Bolster died on August 3, 1927 from an illness he contracted months before during a business trip to South America. He was a member of the New York banking firm of Bennett, Bolster & Coghill. Bolster was 38 and a veteran of World War I. Kennedy inherited more than $500,000 when he died.
She wed William B. Hanley, Jr., in Kingman, Arizona, on August 13, 1934. Hanley was an actor and radio personality. The couple resided in Los Angeles, California. Kennedy retired temporarily after her marriage before returning to work in entertainment. The couple would remain married until Hanley's death in 1959.
She enjoyed outdoor activities such as playing golf, horseback riding and driving cars. She owned a Willys-Knight Great Six which she drove avidly at the time she was touring in 1929 in the play, Lulu. In August 1929, she was sued in a Norwich, Connecticut court for damages she caused in a car accident on the Boston Post Road near Groton, Connecticut in June 1928. The plaintiffs asked for $13,000.
- Baby Mine (1917) - Zoie
- Nearly Married (1917) - Betty Griffon
- Our Little Wife (1918) - Dodo Warren
- The Danger Game (1918) (extant; Instituto Valenciano de Cinematografia (Valencia) - Clytie Rogers
- The Fair Pretender (1918) (extant; Instituto Valenciano de Cinematografia (Valencia)) - Sylvia Maynard
- The Service Star (1918) - Marilyn March
- Friend Husband (1918) - Dorothy Dean
- Stake Uncle Sam to Play Your Hand (1918) (short)
- The Kingdom of Truth (1918) - Ruth Betts
- A Perfect Lady (1918) (extant: George Eastman, 1 reel) - Lucille Le Jambon, aka Lucy Higgins
- Day Dreams (1919) - Primrose
- Daughter of Mine (1919) - Rosie Mendelsohn / Lady Diantha
- Leave It to Susan (1919) - Susan Burbridge
- Through the Wrong Door (1919) - Isabel Carter
- Strictly Confidential (1919) (Library of Congress; reel 2) - Fanny O'Gorman
- The Blooming Angel (1920) - Floss
- Dollars and Sense (1920) (extant; Library of Congress) - Hazel Farron
- The Truth (1920) - Becky Warder
- Help Yourself (1920) - Emily Ray
- The Highest Bidder (1921) - Sally Raeburn
- The Girl with the Jazz Heart (1921) - Kittie Swasher / Miriam Smith
- Oh Mary Be Careful (1921) (extant Library of Congress) - Mary Meacham
- The Purple Highway (1923) - April Blair
- Three Miles Out (1924) (extant; Gosfilmofond) - Molly Townsend
- Scandal Street (1925) - Sheila Kane
- Bad Company (1925) - Gloria Waring
- Lying Wives (1925) (George Eastman House; reel 4) - Margery Burkley
- Oh, Baby (1926) - Dorothy Brennan
- Walls Tell Tales (1928) (short)
- The Marrying Kind (1953) - Judge Anne B. Carroll
- Main Street to Broadway (1953) - Mrs. Cope in Fantasy Sequence
- The Rains of Ranchipur (1955) - Mrs. Smiley
- Three Bad Sisters (1956) - Martha Craig
- The Catered Affair (1956) - Mrs. Joe Halloran
- Lust for Life (1956) - Anna Cornelia Van Gogh
- Houseboat (1958) - Mrs. Farnsworth
- A Nice Little Bank That Should Be Robbed (1958) - Grace Havens
- Official Detective "Murder In A Girls School" - Miss Greenville (1958) 
- Plunderers of Painted Flats (1959) - Mary East
- North by Northwest (1959) - Mrs. Finlay, US Intelligence Agency official (uncredited)
- Let's Make Love (1960) - Miss Manners, Clement's Secretary (uncredited)
- They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (1969) - Mrs. Laydon
- The Baby Maker (1970) - Tish's Grandmother
- The Day of the Locust (1975) - Mrs. Johnson
- Marathon Man (1976) - Lady in Bank (final film role)
- "Murder In A Girls School". Classic TV Archives. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- "What Los Angeles Is Doing To Love". Atlanta Constitution. August 7, 1921. p. 49.
- "Actress Uses Tonneau Of Car As Dressing Room". Fresno Bee. October 16, 1929. p. 13.
- "Usual Variety Of Pictures On View". Los Angeles Times. July 22, 1923. p. III27.
- "Mate Dies As She Speeds Toward Him". Los Angeles Times. August 4, 1927. p. A1.
- "Altar Trip Of Actress Disclosed". Los Angeles Times. August 27, 1934. p. 1.
- "Hedda Hopper; Madge Kennedy on Stage Again". Los Angeles Times. August 18, 1965. p. D12.
- "Madge Kennedy Is Guest Star". Lowell Sun. October 3, 1934. p. 83.
- "Much That Is Funny In This New Farce". New York Times. August 30, 1912. p. 9.
- "The Story Of Madge Kennedy". New York Times. February 6, 1916. p. X6.
- "Written On The Screen". New York Times. February 10, 1918. p. 51.
- "Written On The Screen". New York Times. December 1, 1918. p. 76.
- "The Play". New York Times. December 2, 1925. p. 22.
- "Madge Kennedy to Play Here". New York Times. November 29, 1923. p. 23.
- "Madge Kennedy Is Sued $13,000". San Mateo Times. August 31, 1929. p. 8.
- Sharrar, Jack Frederick (1998). Avery Hopwood, His Life and Plays. University of Michigan Press. pp. 84–88. ISBN 978-0472109630.
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