Temporal range: Pleistocene to Recent
Mallomys is a genus of rodent in the family Muridae. The name of the genus is formed from the Greek μαλλός, mallos, wool, and μῦς, mus, mouse/rat. These very large rats weigh between 0.95 and 2 kilograms (2.1 and 4.4 lb) and are native to highlands in New Guinea. Little is known about their behavior, but they are believed to feed on leaves, grasses and other plant material.
It contains the following species:
- De Vis's Woolly Rat (Mallomys aroaensis)
- Alpine Woolly Rat (Mallomys gunung)
- Subalpine Woolly Rat (Mallomys istapantap)
- Rothschild's Woolly Rat (Mallomys rothschildi)
- Bosavi Woolly Rat (Mallomys sp. nov.)
- Arfak Woolly Rat (Mallomys sp. nov.)
- Foja Woolly Rat (Mallomys sp. nov.)
Conservation International (CI) and the Indonesia Institute of Science (LIPI) discovered two possibly undescribed mammals upon visit of the Foja Mountains in June 2007: a Cercartetus pygmy possum, one of the world's smallest marsupials, and a 1.4 kilograms (3.1 lb) Mallomys giant rat (five times the size of a Brown Rat) - found in Indonesia's Papua in 2005.
- Musser, G.G.; Carleton, M.D. (2005). "Superfamily Muroidea". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 894–1531. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Flannery, T. (1995). Mammals of New Guinea. Pp. 284-291. ISBN 0-7301-0411-7
- BBC News 2009-09-06: Giant rat found in 'lost volcano' http://news.bbc.co.uk/earth/hi/earth_news/newsid_8210000/8210394.stm
- Afp.google.com, Two new mammals found in Indonesian 'lost world': green group
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