Malmsbury Viaduct

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Malmsbury Viaduct
Malmsbury Viaduct.jpg
Malmsbury Viaduct from Botanic Gardens
Coordinates37°11′32″S 144°22′51″E / 37.192117°S 144.380865°E / -37.192117; 144.380865Coordinates: 37°11′32″S 144°22′51″E / 37.192117°S 144.380865°E / -37.192117; 144.380865
CarriesBendigo railway line
CrossesColiban River
LocaleMalmsbury, Victoria, Australia
OwnerVicTrack
Characteristics
Total length100 m (330 ft)
Height25 m (82 ft)
History
Constructed byVictorian Railways Construction Branch
Construction start1859
Construction end1860

The Malmsbury Viaduct is a large brick and stone masonry arch bridge over the Coliban River at Malmsbury on the Bendigo Railway in Victoria Australia. It was erected as part of the Melbourne, Mount Alexander and Murray River Railway between 1858 and 1861, and was at the time the largest masonry arch railway bridge built in Victoria.

Construction of the Bendigo line commenced under the Melbourne, Mount Alexander and Murray River Railway Company in 1858, but this private consortium met with financial difficulties when it was unable to raise sufficient funds, and was bought out by the Victorian colonial government in 1860 when it formed the Victorian Railways Department.[1]

The contract for the first stage of the line from Footscray to Sandhurst (now Bendigo), was let to Cornish and Bruce for £3,356,937.2s.2d ($6.714 million) with work commencing on 1 June 1858. Completion of the permanent way was to be by 31 July 1861.[2]

The design work was then taken over by Captain Andrew Clarke, R. E., Surveyor-General of Victoria, with the bridge designs completed by William Bryson CE, Head Draftsman, who was responsible for many of the large structures such including bridges and viaducts under the supervision of George Christian Darbyshire for the Victorian Railway. William O’Hara, Senior Draftsman with the railways department, also had experience in the design of masonry structures and so probably also contributed to the design of the viaduct.[3]

The bridge is over 100m long with five 18.3 metre spans, standing about 25 metres high.[4] 132,000 cubic feet of bluestone for the bridge was quarried at the east end of Malmsbury and carted to the site by horse and drays.[5] [6]

The foundation stone for the viaduct was laid on 25 October 1859 and the bridge was completed on 24 October 1860.

It was listed on the Victorian Heritage Register in May 2000.[7]

A celebration of the 150th anniversary of this event was held in 2010 organised by the Malmsbury Historical Society.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Trust Masonry Bridges Study Gary Vines, 2010, National Trust of Australia (Victoria)
  2. ^ ENGINEERS AUSTRALIA Melbourne to Bendigo & Echuca Railway Heritage Recognition Ceremony
  3. ^ Brian Harper, The true history of the design of the Melbourne, Mount Alexander and Murray River Railway, presented at the 12th National Conference on Engineering Heritage, Toowoomba, 2003, pages 83-84
  4. ^ Malmsbury Railway Viaduct Engineering Heritage Victoria Archived 2012-11-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Robert Lee, The Railways of Victoria 1854-2004, 2007, page84.
  6. ^ Engineers Australia Engineering Heritage Victoria, Nomination for Recognition under the Engineering Heritage Australia Heritage Recognition Program for the Goldfields Railways - Melbourne, Bendigo & Echuca Railway
  7. ^ "MALMSBURY RAILWAY VIADUCT". Heritage Council of Victoria.
  8. ^ Royal Historical Society of Victoria, The Sandhurst Line, web site last updated 15 December 2010.

External links[edit]