Victoria Bridge (Penrith)
|Victoria Bridge over Nepean River|
|Carries||Main Western railway (1867–1907)
Great Western Highway (1867–present)
|Locale||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|Official name||The Nepean Bridge|
|Other name(s)||Victoria Bridge - On State Highway No. 5 - RTA Bridge No. 333;|
|Owner||Roads and Maritime Services|
|Heritage status||NSW State Heritage Register|
|Material||Wrought iron box girder;
Steel girders with reinforced concrete decks
|Total length||250 metres (820 ft)|
|No. of spans||5|
|Engineering design by||Peto Brassey and Betts (superstructure);
William Watkins (piers)
The Victoria Bridge over Nepean River, officially known as The Nepean Bridge, is a wrought iron box plate girder bridge that crosses the Nepean River at Penrith in the western suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales Australia. Completed in 1867 under the supervision of John Whitton, the Engineer–in–Chief of New South Wales Government Railways, the bridge initially carried rail and horse–drawn traffic, and was converted in 1907 to exclusively carry the Great Western Highway. The bridge is managed by Roads and Maritime Services and is listed on the NSW State Heritage Register.
The bridge is the oldest surviving crossing of the Hawkesbury–Nepean River. As at 2009, Roads and Maritime Services estimated that Victoria Bridge carried an average daily traffic of 25,000 vehicles per day.
Prior to the construction of the Victoria Bridge, a punt service was located at the site of the bridge. Following the discovery of Gold in the west of the Great Dividing Range demand for a permanent river crossing increased. A timber bridge was constructed with private funds, charging a toll for its use. Opened in January 1856, the bridge was destroyed by floods in 1857, and again rebuilt. Surviving the February 1860 flood, it was again destroyed in May 1860.
Designed by Engineer–in–Chief of Railways, John Whitton, construction began in 1864 and was completed in 1867. Just months before completion, another major flood event occurred rising high enough to wash away the new bridges approach works.
Originally it took one railway line and a road across the river, however in 1907 another bridge was constructed a few metres to the north which thenceforth took two railway lines across the river, and the original bridge reverted to road and pedestrian use only.
The bridge is significant in the development of the colony of NSW as it allowed the railway, which previously terminated at Penrith, to reach the Blue Mountains and beyond, as well as providing continuous road passage across the river using the Great Western Highway.
The 1867 bridge is similar in design to the older Menangle Railway Bridge over the Nepean River at Menangle, southwest of Sydney. The Menangle bridge has always been used only for rail traffic, and is still in use.
Today the bridge's significance as a road route to and from the Blue Mountains is diminished. The M4 Western Motorway has replaced the Great Western Highway as the main arterial route, crossing the Nepean River at Regentville. The M4 and the Great Western Highway join/separate at Lapstone Hill.
The bridge maintains its significance as a local tourist attraction and a centrepiece to sporting events along the Nepean River, as well as continuing to serve as vital link between the suburbs west of the Nepean, such as Emu Plains, and the major suburban centre of Penrith. The 1907 railway bridge still takes the Main Western and Blue Mountains railway lines over the river.
An undivided pedestrian pathway approximately 1.3 metres (4 ft 3 in) is located adjacent to the roadway. Following community advocacy, in 2010, Roads and Maritime Services commenced a feasibility study into a shared pedestrian/cyclist pathway over the bridge.
- "Victoria Bridge over Nepean River". NSW State Heritage Register. Government of New South Wales: Office of Environment & Heritage. 26 March 2001. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
- "Victoria Bridge". Road Projects. Roads and Maritime Services. October 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
- "The Sydney Morning Herald.". The Sydney Morning Herald. XXXVII, (5516). New South Wales, Australia. 7 January 1856. p. 4. Retrieved 20 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "SERIOUS DAMAGE TO THE NEPEAN BRIDGE.". The Sydney Morning Herald. XXXVIII, (5976). New South Wales, Australia. 1 August 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 20 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "THE FLOODS. THE NEPEAN.". The Sydney Morning Herald. XLI, (6770). New South Wales, Australia. 16 February 1860. p. 6. Retrieved 20 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "ANOTHER DESTRUCTIVE FLOOD.". The Sydney Morning Herald. XLI, (6842). New South Wales, Australia. 12 May 1860. p. 10. Retrieved 20 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "THE NEPEAN". The Sydney Morning Herald. LV, (9074). New South Wales, Australia. 24 June 1867. p. 5. Retrieved 20 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Victoria Bridge over Nepean River". RTA Heritage and Conservation Register. Roads and Traffic Authority. Retrieved 19 September 2006.
- "It's time for a safe crossing of the Nepean River at Victoria Bridge". Fix Victoria Bridge. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
- Kass, Terry (February 2006). "RTA Thematic History: A component of the RTA Heritage and Conservation Register" (PDF). NSW Roads & Maritime Services (PDF) (2nd ed.). Government of New South Wales. Retrieved 12 January 2015.