Mammutidae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mammutids
Temporal range: Miocene - Holocene, 28.4–0 Ma
Mammut skeleton Museum of the Earth.jpg
Mounted mastodon skeleton, Museum of the Earth
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Clade: Elephantimorpha
Suborder: Mammutida
Shoshani et al., 1998
Superfamily: Mammutoidea
Hay, 1922
Family: Mammutidae
Hay, 1922
Genera[2]

Eozygodon Tassy and Pickford, 1983
Losodokodon Rasmussen & Gutiérrez, 2009
Zygolophodon Vacek, 1877
Mammut Blumenbach, 1799
Sinomammut Mothé et al., 2016[1]

Mammutidae distribution without South America.png
The inferred range of the Mammutidae

Mammutidae is an extinct family of proboscideans that first appeared during the Miocene epoch, and eventually died out by the start of the Holocene. The family was first described in 1922, classifying fossil specimens of the type genus Mammut (mastodons), and has since been placed in various arrangements of the order. The name 'mastodon' derives from Greek, μαστός "nipple" and ὀδούς "tooth", as with the genus, to indicate a characteristic that distinguishes them from allied families. The genus Zygolophodon has also been assigned to this family. Mammutids ranged very widely, as fossils are found in North America, Africa, and throughout Eurasia.

Discoveries[edit]

Mammut americanum cast skeleton produced and distributed by Triebold Paleontology Incorporated

In August 2008, miners in Romania unearthed the skeleton of a 2.5-million-year-old mastodon, believed to be one of the best preserved in Europe.[3] Ninety percent of the skeleton's bones were intact, with damage to the skull and tusks.[3] In 2009, a family in Portland, Michigan, unearthed mastodon bones while excavating a new pond on their property. It is one of around 250 mastodons found in Michigan over the past century.[4]

The first excavation to discover mastodon fossils in Elmacık village in Burdur province, Turkey, took place in 2006. As of July 2009, six mastodon fossils have been discovered in the village.[5]

In August 2011, a skeleton of a mastodon was found near Tomislavgrad in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[6] In November 2011, a mastodon skeleton was unearthed in Daytona Beach, Florida, during construction of a retention pond.[7] The find is being studied by the Daytona Beach Museum of Arts and Sciences.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dimila Mothé, Leonardo S. Avilla, Desi Zhao, Guangpu Xie and Boyang Sun (2016). "A new Mammutidae (Proboscidea, Mammalia) from the Late Miocene of Gansu Province, China". Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências. Online edition. doi:10.1590/0001-3765201520150261. 
  2. ^ Shoshani, Jeheskel; Pascal Tassy (2005). "Advances in proboscidean taxonomy & classification, anatomy & physiology, and ecology & behavior". Quaternary International. 126-128: 5–20. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.011. 
  3. ^ a b 2.5 million-year-old mastodon unearthed in Romania, USA Today, 2008-08-08, Retrieved on 11 August 2008
  4. ^ "Michigan Family Finds Prehistoric Bones - Mastodon Bones To Be Given To University Of Michigan". The Associated Press. July 2, 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2009. 
  5. ^ "Mastodon Fossils Discovered In Burdur/Turkey". Yerbilimleri. July 17, 2009. Retrieved 17 July 2009. 
  6. ^ U Tomislavgradu otkriven kostur pretka slona, Večernji list, 2011-08-18. Retrieved 2011-08-26 (Croatian)
  7. ^ http://www.news-journalonline.com/breakingnews/2011/11/mastodon-bones-found-at-daytona-beach-work-site.html