Mandholi

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Mandholi
Mandoli
town
Mandholi is located in Rajasthan
Mandholi
Mandholi
Mandholi is located in India
Mandholi
Mandholi
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 27°46′N 75°48′E / 27.77°N 75.8°E / 27.77; 75.8Coordinates: 27°46′N 75°48′E / 27.77°N 75.8°E / 27.77; 75.8
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Sikar
Government
 • Body Gram Panchayat
Elevation 300 m (1,000 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,500
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 332713
Telephone code 09928475455,9711524281
Vehicle registration RJ23
Nearest city Neem ka thana
Literacy 70%
Lok Sabha constituency Sikar
Vidhan Sabha constituency Neemkathana
Civic agency Gram Panchayat
Website www.sikar.in

Mandholi is a small town of about 1500 people in eastern Rajasthan. It is 5 km from Neem ka thana township and about 90 km from Jaipur. It is famous for Battle of Maonda and Mandholi[1]

History[edit]

Mandholi[2] was ruled by tribal Mina rulers since antiquity, they were forced out of power by Jat rulers who were defeated by Tanwar Rajputs - Lakhaji Tanwar and Sangaji Tanwar, about 1567 A.D. Mandholi was part of state of Patan Torawati. This seat of power were elder house of Patan rulers. In mid eighteenth century the Battle of Maonda and Mandholi [3] was fought in the plains surrounding villages of Maonda and Mandholi between Rajput forces of Jaipur-Amer and Jat forces of Bharatpur. About 25000 people lost their lives in this battle.

Mandholi Fort[edit]

The old fort at Mandholi is located exactly North of Jaipur's Nahargarh fort and on a good day, is visible with naked eye. In old days it was used as a fire warning structure also. The fort was held by Tanwar Rajuts since the 16th century but before that it belonged to Jats (Jakhar) and before that Meena rulers of the area held the Mandholi fort.

Structure[edit]

The fort is a three story structure with 4 gumbaj (circular pillars), the underground room is safest and used for storage, the main floor had 5 rooms with circular pillars in 4 directions to cover any enemy attack. The top floor was for observation and additional provisions and people.

Hindal's attack on Amarsar Shekhawati[edit]

Humayun's brother was sent to curb the Shekhawats of the area who refused Mughal suzeranity, the Torawati forces joined the Shekhawati forces and a battle was fought in this area.

Battle of Maonda and Mandholi[edit]

The last action witnessed by this fort was the battle of Maonda and Mandholi where the Jaipur state forces were pitched against the Jat rulers of Bharatpur. The Thakur of Maonda village was the fort authority in this battle.

Bheruji Temple[edit]

The Mandholi fort like most other forts in the area has a temple dedicated to the deity Bhairav (Bheruji).Up until a decade back goat sacrifice was a common sight at this fort.

Notable people[edit]

Tanwar Rajvansh Ka Itihas [4]

  1. Sati Maata - sacrificed herself to preserve the Jakhar progeny.
  2. Thakur Lakha Singh and Thakur Sangram singh - won the mandholi fort from Jat rulers.
  3. Thakur Hari Singh Tanwar - a prominent educationist of the Torawati area.

Affinity[edit]

Affiliated to erstwhile kingdom of PATAN Torawati.

Rulers in pre independent India[edit]

Torawati Map[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ By R.K. Gupta, S.R. Bakshi, Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan Through The Ages: Rajput Chivalry and Martyrdom, page 166
  2. ^ Dr. Mahendra Singh Tanwar khetasar, Tanwar Rajvansh Ka Itihas, Page 08
  3. ^ Jadunath Sarkar, A History of Jaipur 1503-1938, page 254
  4. ^ Dr. Mahendra Singh Tanwar khetasar, Tanwar Rajvansh Ka Itihas, Page 12