Margaret Dorothea Rowbotham

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Margaret Dorothea Rowbotham
ROWBOTHAM SHILLING AND PARTRIDGE.jpg
Margaret Rowbotham (left) with Tilly Shilling and Margaret Partridge in 1934
Born(1883-06-19)19 June 1883
Plumstead, Kent
Died23 February 1978(1978-02-23) (aged 94)
Willand, Devon
NationalityBritish
OccupationEngineer
Known forWomen's rights campaigner

Margaret Dorothea Rowbotham[a] (19 June 1883 – 23 February 1978) was an engineer, a campaigner for women's employment rights and a founder member of the Women's Engineering Society.

Early life and education[edit]

Born on 19 June 1883 at 6 Park Villas, Plumstead, Kent, Margaret Dorothea Rowbotham was the daughter of John Edward Rowbotham, a shipbroker, and Miriam Anne Isaac.[2] She was educated at Blackheath High School[3] and graduated in 1905 from Girton College, Cambridge, where she studied mathematics.[4] From Cambridge Training College, she received a diploma to teach.[3]

Career[edit]

From 1906 to 1913 she taught maths at Roedean School for girls in Brighton.[3] Having completing six months' training in motor engineering at the British School of Motoring, she was awarded a RAC driving certificate.[2] This was followed by an assignment in 1914 as a teacher at Rupert's Land Ladies' College, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, where she stayed for two years.[3][5]

She joined Galloway Engineering Co. at Tongland near Kirkcudbright, Dumfriesshire, becoming a machine shop and works superintendent at Tongland Works beginning in 1917.[1][3]

When the Women's Engineering Society was formed in 1919, Margaret Rowbotham was a founding member. She was council member of the society until 1944,[2] was made an honorary member of the society in 1962, and remained involved in it throughout her life.[1][6]

In 1921, she was employed at Swainson Pump Company in Newcastle as assistant works manager.[1][3] She then worked at Model Laundries in Wealdstone, Kent from 1922 to 1923 under Ethyl Jayne, before teaching again at Roedean School in 1924.[3] In 1927, she was appointed a director of the electrical engineering firm M. Partridge & Co., founded by her friend Margaret Partridge, where she stayed until 1953.[1][3] She also worked in other engineering positions.[1]

In her later years, she worked in Eastbourne as a manager of a guesthouse.[1] She died on 23 February 1978.[1] [2] Some of her correspondence has been archived at the Imperial War Museum, which included information about women working in the field and the establishment of an exhibit on oil and water pumps at the museum.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ She was referred to as Dorothy Rowbotham by Clausen, but was commonly known as Margaret Dorothea Rowbotham.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Georgine Clarsen (2003), "'A Fine University for Women Engineers': a Scottish munitions factory in World War I", Women's History Review, 12 (3): 333–356, doi:10.1080/09612020300200363, ISSN 1747-583X
  2. ^ a b c d "Rowbotham, Margaret Dorothea". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 12 July 2018. doi:10.1093/odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-110231 (inactive 20 November 2018).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Margaret Dorothea Rowbotham". The Woman Engineer. 12 (8): 2. Retrieved 15 June 2017. page 66 of electronic file
  4. ^ "Rowbotham, Margaret". The Davis historical archive: Mathematical Women in the British Isles, 1878-1940. Retrieved 15 June 2017 – via School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, Scotland.
  5. ^ "Historic Sites of Manitoba: Havergal College / Rupert's Land Girls School (122 Carlton Avenue, Winnipeg)". Manitoba Historical Society. Archived from the original on 3 August 2016. Retrieved 15 June 2017. Teachers (partial list)... Margaret Dorothea Rowbotham (1914-1916)
  6. ^ "Obituary". The Woman Engineer. 12 (7): 4. Retrieved 15 June 2017. page 64 of electronic file
  7. ^ "Correspondence: Miss Rowbotham". EN1/3/COR/014, Museum Administrative Records, Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 17 June 2017.