Marilyn Monroe performances and awards

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Monroe as Lorelei Lee in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953)

Marilyn Monroe (1926–1962) was an American actress who appeared in 29 films between 1946 and 1961.[1][2][3] After a brief career in modeling she signed short-term film contracts, first with 20th Century Fox, then Columbia Pictures, and appeared in minor roles for the first few years of her career. In 1950, she made minor appearances in two critically acclaimed films, The Asphalt Jungle and All About Eve.[4] The parts in the two films were against many of the roles into which she was typecast, that of the dumb blonde. Margot A. Henriksen, her biographer with the American National Biography, considers the typecast "an unfair stereotype that bothered her throughout her career".[3]

Her major breakthrough came in 1953, when she starred in three pictures: the film noir Niagara, and the comedies Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and How to Marry a Millionaire. Sarah Churchwell, Monroe's biographer, notes that "unconscious, rather than conscious, sexuality would become the Marilyn hallmark after 1953",[5] and the actress became one of the most popular and recognizable people in American.[3] In 1955 Monroe appeared in the Billy Wilder–directed comedy The Seven Year Itch, in which she becomes the object of her married neighbor's sexual fantasies. In it, Monroe stands on a subway grate with the air blowing up the skirt of her white dress, which became one of the most famous scenes of her career.[6]

After appearing in Bus Stop (1956),[7] Monroe founded her own production company, Marilyn Monroe Productions, in 1955; the company produced one film independently, The Prince and the Showgirl (1957).[8] Monroe then appeared in Some Like It Hot (1959) and The Misfits (1961). She was suspended from the filming of Something's Got to Give in June 1962, and the film remained uncompleted when she died in August.[3] Although she was a top-billed actress for only a decade, her films grossed $200 million by the time of her unexpected death in 1962.[9]

Monroe won, or was nominated for, several awards during her career. Those she won included the Henrietta Award for Best Young Box Office Personality (1951) and World Film Favorite (1953),[10][11] and a Crystal Star Award and David di Donatello Award for The Prince and the Showgirl (1958).[12][13] She was inducted to the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1960[14] and a Golden Palm Star was dedicated at the Palm Springs Walk of Stars in 1995.[15] In the 1999 American Film Institute's list of AFI's 100 Years...100 Stars, she was ranked as the sixth greatest film star;[16] two of the films in which she appeared—Some Like It Hot and The Asphalt Jungle—have been added to the Library of Congress's National Film Registry,[17] and the former earned her a Golden Globe for Best Actress.[11] She continues to be considered a major icon in American popular culture.[18]

Filmography[edit]

Posing for photographers to promote The Seven Year Itch (1954)

Monroe completed 29 films in her career. In 1962 she was filming her thirtieth film, Something's Got to Give, when she was fired by the studio; she died before it was completed with others in the role.[19][20]

Year[21][22][23] Title Role Notes Ref.
1947 Dangerous Years Evie [24]
1948 Scudda Hoo! Scudda Hay! Betty Uncredited [25]
1948 Ladies of the Chorus Peggy Martin [26]
1949 Love Happy Grunion's client [27]
1950 A Ticket to Tomahawk Clara Uncredited [28]
1950 The Asphalt Jungle Angela Phinlay [29]
1950 All About Eve Miss Claudia Caswell [30]
1950 The Fireball Polly [31]
1950 Right Cross Dusky Le Doux Uncredited [32]
1951 Home Town Story Iris Martin [33]
1951 As Young as You Feel Harriet [34]
1951 Love Nest Roberta Stevens [35]
1951 Let's Make It Legal Joyce Mannering [36]
1952 Clash by Night Peggy [37]
1952 We're Not Married! Annabel Jones Norris [38]
1952 Don't Bother to Knock Nell Forbes [39]
1952 Monkey Business Lois Laurel [40]
1952 O. Henry's Full House Streetwalker [41]
1953 Niagara Rose Loomis [42]
1953 Gentlemen Prefer Blondes Lorelei Lee [43]
1953 How to Marry a Millionaire Pola Debevoise [44]
1954 River of No Return Kay Weston [45]
1954 There's No Business Like Show Business Victoria Hoffman [46]
1955 The Seven Year Itch The Girl [47]
1956 Bus Stop Cherie [48]
1957 The Prince and the Showgirl Elsie Marina Produced by Marilyn Monroe Productions[a] [49]
1959 Some Like It Hot Sugar Cane Kowalczyk [50]
1960 Let's Make Love Amanda Dell [51]
1961 The Misfits Roslyn Taber [52]

Television[edit]

Monroe singing "Happy Birthday, Mr. President" on television in May 1962
Year Title Role Network Notes Ref.
September 13, 1953 The Jack Benny Program Herself CBS [53]
1954 The Bob Hope Show Herself NBC [54]
April 8, 1955 Person to Person Herself CBS Interview with Edward R. Murrow [55]
May 19, 1962 President Kennedy's Birthday Salute Herself CBS Singing "Happy Birthday, Mr. President" [56][57]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Film Category Result Ref.
1951 Henrietta Award Best Young Box Office Personality Won [10]
1952 Photoplay Award Fastest Rising Star of 1952 Won [58]
1952 Look American Magazine Award Most Promising Female Newcomer of 1952 Won [59]
1953 Henrietta Award World Film Favorite: Female Won [11]
1953 Photoplay Award Most Popular Female Star Won [60]
1954 Photoplay Award for Best Actress Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and
How to Marry a Millionaire
Award for Best Actress Won [61]
1956 British Academy of Film and Television Arts Award The Seven Year Itch Best Foreign Actress Nominated [62]
1956 Golden Globe Bus Stop Best Motion Picture Actress in Comedy or Musical Nominated [11]
1958 British Academy of Film and Television Arts Award The Prince and the Showgirl Best Foreign Actress Nominated [63]
1958 David di Donatello Award The Prince and the Showgirl Best Foreign Actress Won [12]
1959 Crystal Star Award The Prince and the Showgirl Best Foreign Actress Won [13]
1959 Laurel Award The Prince and the Showgirl Top Female Comedy Performance Fourth place [13]
1960 Golden Globe Some Like It Hot Best Motion Picture Actress in Comedy or Musical Won [11]
1960 Laurel Award Some Like It Hot Top Female Comedy Performance Second place [64]
1962 Henrietta Award World Film Favorite: Female Won [11]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Prince and the Showgirl was the only film made by her company.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Spoto 2001, p. 677.
  2. ^ Lefkowitz 1995, p. 120.
  3. ^ a b c d Henriksen, Margot A. "Monroe, Marilyn". American National Biography Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved July 15, 2016.  (subscription required)
  4. ^ Churchwell 2004, pp. 59–60.
  5. ^ Churchwell 2004, p. 61.
  6. ^ Spoto 2001, pp. 283–84.
  7. ^ Spoto 2001, p. 352.
  8. ^ a b Schneider 2011, p. 92.
  9. ^ Hertel, Howard; Heff, Don (August 6, 1962). "Marilyn Monroe Dies; Pills Blamed". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 23, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b Rollyson 2014, p. 87.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Marilyn Monroe". Golden Globes. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved July 12, 2016. 
  12. ^ a b Spoto 2001, p. 409.
  13. ^ a b c Vogel 2014, p. 131.
  14. ^ "Marilyn Monroe". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved July 12, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Palm Springs Walk of Stars" (PDF). Retrieved July 12, 2016. 
  16. ^ "AFI's 50 Greatest American Screen Legends". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 12, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Complete National Film Registry Listing". Library of Congress. Retrieved July 12, 2016. 
  18. ^ Chapman 2001, pp. 542–543; Hall 2006, p. 468.
  19. ^ "Something's Got to Give (1962)". British Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  20. ^ Spoto 2001, pp. 681–82.
  21. ^ "Marilyn Monroe". British Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  22. ^ "Marilyn Monroe". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  23. ^ Spoto 2001, pp. 677–82.
  24. ^ "Dangerous Years". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  25. ^ "Scudda-hoo! Scudda-hay! (1948)". British Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  26. ^ "Ladies of the Chorus". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  27. ^ "Love Happy". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  28. ^ "A Ticket to Tomahawk". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  29. ^ "Asphalt Jungle". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  30. ^ "All About Eve". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  31. ^ "The Fireball". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  32. ^ "Right Cross". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  33. ^ "Home Town Story". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  34. ^ "As Young As You Feel". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  35. ^ "Love Nest". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  36. ^ "Clash by Night". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  37. ^ "We're Not Married!". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  38. ^ "Don't Bother to Knock". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  39. ^ "Monkey Business". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  40. ^ "O. Henry's Full House". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  41. ^ "Niagara". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  42. ^ "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  43. ^ "How to Marry a Millionaire". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  44. ^ "River of No Return". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  45. ^ "There's No Business Like Show Business". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  46. ^ "The Seven Year Itch". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  47. ^ "Bus Stop". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  48. ^ "The Prince and the Showgirl". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  49. ^ "Some Like It Hot". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  50. ^ "Let's Make Love". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  51. ^ "The Misfits". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 10, 2016. 
  52. ^ Burkhead 2013, p. 142.
  53. ^ Hyatt 2006, p. 142.
  54. ^ Rollyson 2014, p. 149.
  55. ^ Rollyson 2014, p. 263.
  56. ^ Vogel 2014, p. 163.
  57. ^ Vogel 2014, p. 21.
  58. ^ Kidder 2011, p. 42.
  59. ^ Rollyson 2014, p. 106.
  60. ^ Super 2005, p. 367.
  61. ^ "Foreign Actress in 1957". British Film Institute. Retrieved July 12, 2016. 
  62. ^ "Foreign Actress in 1958". British Film Institute. Retrieved July 12, 2016. 
  63. ^ Vogel 2014, p. 143.

Sources[edit]

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