Marion Shoard

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Marion Shoard
Marion Shoard
Shoard speaking at a rally in Sussex, 2011
Born Marion Shoard
(1949-04-06) 6 April 1949 (age 69)
Redruth, Cornwall
Residence Strood, Kent
Nationality British
Alma mater St Hilda's College, Oxford
Occupation Writer, campaigner
Website marionshoard.co.uk

Marion Shoard (born 6 April 1949) is a British writer and campaigner. She is best known for her work concerning access to the countryside and land use conflicts.[1] In 2002 she became the first person to give a name to the "edgelands" between town and country.[2] Since 2004 she has also worked in the field of older people's issues.

Life and career[edit]

Shoard was educated at Clarendon House Grammar School in Ramsgate, Kent and St Hilda's College, Oxford, where she read zoology, before studying town and country planning at Kingston-upon-Thames Polytechnic (now Kingston University).

She worked for four years at the Council for the Protection of Rural England (CPRE) before writing her first book, The Theft of the Countryside (1980). The book triggered debate over the conflict between modern industrial agriculture and the conservation of the UK's countryside.[3] In 1987 Shoard published This Land is Our Land, which examined the history of the relationship between landowners and the landless and proposed it be altered. The same year Shoard presented a documentary on the same subject, Power in the Land.

Shoard continued campaigning, teaching planning at the University of Reading, University College London and Anglia Ruskin University and writing articles for newspapers and magazines. An updated edition of This Land is Our Land was published in 1997.

In 1999 Shoard published A Right to Roam, which explored how a general right of access to the UK's countryside might work. In 2002, her essay on edgelands was the first to name and set forward the characteristics of an emergent landscape on the urban fringe.[4]

After Shoard's mother fell ill in the 1990s, she wrote a guidebook, A Survival Guide to Later Life, offering advice to older people and their carers. A new book, How to Handle Later Life, will be published on 1 September 2017.

Published books[edit]

The Theft of the Countryside[edit]

Shoard's first book was an attempt to explain how farming was transforming the countryside by chronicling the loss of landscape features and wildlife diversity. It explores the impact of subsidies on such change and food over-production. Shoard proposes a variety of planning control extensions, the designation of new national parks and measures to repair damaged landscapes.

The Theft of the Countryside led to renewed focus on whether steps should be taken to protect the countryside against industrial agriculture.[5]

This Land is Our Land[edit]

First published in 1987, followed by an updated edition in 1997 with a foreword by George Monbiot, Shoard's second book focuses on land ownership and the legacy of much of the UK's land having been in the possession of a relatively small number of people for a long period of time. It attempts to anaylse the scope of landowners' power over the social structure of the countryside and beyond, contrasting the situation with that abroad. Shoard proposes a general right of access and a form of green land taxation in Britain.

The book, which was made into a Channel 4 documentary, is regarded a key text on the subject.[6][7]

A Right to Roam[edit]

Published in 1999, Shoard's third book explores the history of access to the countryside in the UK and abroad. It discusses the possible impact and drawbacks of the partial right later enacted in the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 passed by the Labour government under Tony Blair. A Right to Roam was shortlisted for the Orwell Prize and won the Outdoor Writers and Photographers Guild's book of the year award. Nine years later Shoard also won that body's lifetime achievement award.[8]

A Survival Guide to Later Life[edit]

In 2004, Shoard wrote a guidebook for older people and their relatives. It was prompted by Shoard's experience struggling to find independent and indepth advice after her own mother fell ill.[9][10]

How to Handle Later Life[edit]

In 2017, Shoard published a much-expanded second book about older people's issues, stretching to 1,160 pages. A review in the Evening Standard described it as "[u]nique, essential and considerate".

Bibliography[edit]

Published articles and essays[edit]

In the 1980s, Shoard wrote regular columns in Environment Now magazine and the Today newspaper as well as frequently for The Times, The Guardian and History Today.

Landscape protection[edit]

An early essay by Shoard suggested that moor and upland enthusiasts had a disproportionate amount of leverage over landscape policy.[11] In The Theft of the Countryside and articles in The Times,[12][13][14][15][16] Shoard argued lowland landscape required greater protection, in part through national parks. She also suggested they be created in Scotland and Northern Ireland, which then had no national parks.[17][18]

Shoard has also argued landscapes are harder to protect than buildings,[19] discussed the way in which children use the countryside,[20] and the impact of place on the work of poets such as Robert Frost[21] and Dylan Thomas.[22]

In 2002, Shoard wrote an essay entitled "Edgelands",[23] which was the first work to identify a landscape Shoard calls "a netherworld neither urban or rural … the hotchpotch collection of superstores, sewage works, golf courses and surprisingly wildlife-rich roughlands which sit between town and country in the urban fringe".[24] The essay identifies the characteristics of the edgelands, discusses the threats that face them and argues they should be greater celebrated. The essay won the Outdoor Writers and Photographers Guild's Award of Excellence for the best one-off feature in 2003 and its principles have been adopted by nature writers such as Robert Macfarlane and in academia.[25][26] In 2004, Shoard co-authored a report on the urban fringe for the Countryside Agency.[27]

In an essay in 1976 Shoard argued that recreation ought to play a greater role in promoting countryside conservation.[28] An essay by Shoard in 1998 questioned the assumptions underlying the debate about greater public access.[29] At the time of the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000, Shoard wrote extensively about the ideology of the proposed legislation[30] and its possible limitations.[31]

This Land is Our Land charts the struggles over land rights in Britain and abroad, explores the ways in which land owners currently wield power, and the effectiveness of measures which seek to protect the public interest in land such as common land, public footpaths and conservation designations. Shoard puts forward proposals for a new land tax modelled on that advocated by the American radical Henry George, as well as a general right of access to the countryside which would overturn the present law of trespass.

Age issues[edit]

As well as her 2004 book, A Survival Guide to Later Life, and the forthcoming How to Handle Later Life (2017), Shoard speaks and writes about issues affecting older people. In 2005, Shoard claimed "[g]overnment at both national and local levels is one of the worst perpetrators of age discrimination", with particular reference to the reduction by two-thirds in the number of NHS beds for elderly people with long-term disabling conditions over the last quarter of the 20th century.[32]

Shoard has argued against a change in legislation which would sanction assisted suicide, writing that:

Institutionalising the killing of elderly people would diminish the sanctity of life in our society as a whole. In particular, it would further undermine the position of elderly people who need care, whether or not their lives are threatened. Our treatment of our seniors is already a national scandal. The care they receive in care homes and in their own homes leaves much to be desired. What these citizens need is a thorough-going programme of help and support and a radical improvement in their status in society, not a licence to be killed.[33]

Shoard was involved in the London Area Forum and National Advisory Council of the Alzheimer's Society, and sits on the Society's Quality Research in Dementia forum, which evaluates applications for research project funding. Shoard has argued a major shift in perceptions of the disease, and those who live in care homes, is needed.[34]

In 2005, Shoard proposed a new charter for carers of older and disabled people, calling for more transparency about the part they play in sustaining the health service.[35] "The decision to become a carer can transform a person's life just as dramatically if not more so than becoming a parent," she claimed.

Shoard has questioned the extent to which faith groups pay attention to the needs of many of the older members of their congregation.[36] In 2006, Shoard analysed new research into isolation among older people of faith.[37]

Recent campaigns[edit]

Shoard fought to prevent building on May Hill in Gloucestershire and the erection of a grid of polytunnels over an area of countryside frequented by the Dymock poets.[38] She led campaigns in Dorking, Surrey, to stop Mole Valley district council reducing a day centre[39] and Strood in Kent to stop Medway council moving Strood public library and selling off the site for housing.[40]

Further reading[edit]

[1]: Power in the Land, 1987 documentary on Channel 4 based on Shoard's book This Land is Our Land and presented by Shoard • Explorers welcome: interview with Shoard about the impact of the Countryside and Rights of Way Act's right to roam legislation, November 2010
The Essential Marion Shoard: interview in The Great Outdoors by Jim Perrin, November 2000
Accessing All Areas: interview in Planning, 11 June 1999
Lord Peter Melchett citing Shoard as one of the most inspiring people he's met

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adam, David (28 November 2006). "Earthshakers: the top 100 green campaigners of all time". The Guardian. 
  2. ^ Farley, Paul, Symmons Roberts, Michael (17 February 2001). "Our beautiful 'edgelands': A dark light on the edge of town". The Independent. 
  3. ^ Moorhead, Caroline (29 October 1980). "Britain's green and pleasant land rights". The Times. 
  4. ^ Shoard, Marion (2002). "Edgelands". In Jenkins, Jennifer. Remaking the Landscape. Profile Books. 
  5. ^ Meek, James (22 May 1987). "How to Grow a Weetabix". 
  6. ^ "Marion Shoard Filmography". British Film Institute. 
  7. ^ Cocker, Mark (19 November 2014). "Books of the Year". New Statesman. 
  8. ^ McHale, John (12 November 2009). "Top author says fear stops people's use of the outdoors". Grough. 
  9. ^ Shoard, Marion (29 February 2004). "The Day I Abducted My Mother". The Sunday Telegraph. 
  10. ^ Cox, David (16 April 2004). "Grey Matter". New Statesman. 
  11. ^ Shoard, Marion (1982). "The Lure of the Moors". In Burgess, J, Gold, J. Valued Environments. Allen and Unwin. 
  12. ^ Shoard, Marion (27 March 1989). "Parks with a difference". The Times. 
  13. ^ Shoard, Marion (28 April 1990). "Now the call of the tame demands to be heard". The Times. 
  14. ^ Shoard, Marion (May 1998). "Scarred Slopes". Landscape. 
  15. ^ Shoard, Marion (29 September 1988). "Park plan for the South Downs". The West Sussex Gazette and South of England Advertiser. 
  16. ^ Shoard, Marion (18 January 1981). "A plan to save the landscape". The Sunday Times. 
  17. ^ Shoard, Marion (30 June 1990). "Too precious, too Scottish to be left with the Scots". The Times. 
  18. ^ Shoard, Marion (February 1988). "Ulster: the need for control". Landscape. 
  19. ^ Shoard, Marion (1981). "Why Landscapes are Harder to Protect than Buildings". In Binney, Marcus, Lowenthal, David. Our Past before Us: Why do we Save it?. Temple Smith. 
  20. ^ Shoard, Marion (1979). "Children and the Countryside". The Planner. 
  21. ^ Shoard, Marion (2 November 1993). "On the Poets' Path". The Times. 
  22. ^ Shoard, Marion (2008). "The Strangest Town in Wales?". Woman's World. 
  23. ^ Shoard, Marion (2002). "Edgelands". In Jenkins, Jennifer. Remaking the Landscape. Profile Books. 
  24. ^ Farley, Paul, Symmons Roberts, Michael (17 February 2001). "Our beautiful 'edgelands': A dark light on the edge of town". The Independent. 
  25. ^ Kabo, Raphael (26 June 2016). "Towards a Taxonomy of Edgelands Literature". Alluvium. 
  26. ^ "MA in Literature, Landscape & Environment". Bath Spa University. 3 April 2013. 
  27. ^ Shoard, M; Gallent, N; Andersson, J; Oades, R, eds. (July 2004). The Urban Fringe – Policy, Regulation and Literature. Countryside Agency. 
  28. ^ Shoard, Marion (1976). "Recreation: The Key to the Survival of England 's Countryside". In MacEwen, M. Future Landscapes. Chatto and Windus. 
  29. ^ Shoard, Marion (1998). "Robbers v. Revolutionaries: What the Battle for Access is really all about". In Watkins, C. Rights of Way: Policy, Culture and Management. Cassell. 
  30. ^ Shoard, Marion (October 2000). "Should we have a Right to Roam? Debate: Leading Conservationists Robin Page and Marion Shoard March to their Corners". The Ecologist. 
  31. ^ Shoard, Marion (2000). "Off the Track: Problems Looming for the Right to Roam". In Barratt, Emma. Managing the Challenge of Access: Proceedings from the 2000 Annual Conference of the Countryside Recreation Network. 
  32. ^ Shoard, Marion (8 July 2005). Government accused of ageism (Speech). Book festival. Lowdham. 
  33. ^ Shoard, Marion (31 January 2006). "Beware of Granting a Licence to Kill the Old and Sick". Daily Express. 
  34. ^ Shoard, Marion (8 July 2005). Dementia: our Cinderella disease (Speech). Skipton. 
  35. ^ Shoard, Marion (25 October 2005). New Charter for Home Carers (Speech). Nortumberland. 
  36. ^ Shoard, Marion (October 2004). "Faith & religion in the elderly". Plus. 
  37. ^ Shoard, Marion (11 March 2006). "Faithful, but Forgotten". The Tablet. 
  38. ^ Citizen, The (12 March 2014). "Plans for 50 acres of polytunnels rejected in the Forest of Dean". Gloucester Citizen. 
  39. ^ Surrey, Get (2 July 2013). "Elderly hit by care closure". Get Surrey. 
  40. ^ Messenger, Medway (12 March 2014). "Campaigners fighting the relocation of Strood library rallied outside the council offices in Chatham". Kent Messenger. 

External links[edit]