Admiral Sir Martin Eric Dunbar-Nasmith, VC, KCB, KCMG (1 April 1883 – 29 June 1965) was a Royal Navy officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was born Martin Eric Nasmith, adding "Dunbar" to his surname in 1923.
Early life and education
In 8 May 1912, King George V was in HMY Victoria and Albert III in Weymouth Bay to witness Fleet manoeuvres. Because of heavy fog, the programme was disrupted, and the King expressed the desire to dive in a submarine. He embarked on HM Submarine D4, under then Lieutenant Nasmith's command, and (in the words of The Times of 10 May) "made a lengthy run in her when she was submerged." What made the occasion all the more remarkable was the presence on board of his second son, Prince Albert, who was to become King George VI, of Winston Churchill (First Lord of the Admiralty and future prime minister), and of then Captain Roger Keyes, Inspecting Captain of Submarines, who was to become the first Director of Combined Operations (the Commandos) in the early part of the Second World War. Former Prime Minister Arthur Balfour was also embarked, but the then Prime Minister H. H. Asquith, who had been with the King's party earlier in the day, had had to return to London on urgent business and did not dive in D4. Nasmith's diary records that: "We remained under water for ten to 15 minutes, during which time he showed great interest in the proceedings, periscope in particular." A Navy News article, from July 2012, by Commander William Corbett (at whose parents' wedding Nasmith had proposed the toast to the health of the bride and groom), records that Nasmith often wondered what would have happened to the course of 20th century history had he sunk that day, a not unreasonable thought, given that he had very nearly sunk in the Solent in 1905 whilst in command of HM Submarine A4.
First World War
During the period 20 May–8 June 1915 in the Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles, Turkey, Lieutenant-Commander Nasmith, in command of H.M. Submarine E.11, destroyed one large Turkish gunboat, two transports, one ammunition ship, three store ships and four other vessels.
When he had safely passed the most difficult part of his homeward journey he received information that a cargo of coal was heading towards Istanbul from the Black Sea. Realising that coal was essential for the morale of the besieged city, Nasmith turned back.
When the coal-carrying ship came into sight of the docks, a welcoming committee of municipal grandees soon formed, along with a happy crowd – water, electricity and rail transport had all suffered due to a lack of coal. Hardly had the ship berthed than it mysteriously blew up before the eyes of the astounded crowd. Nasmith successfully slipped out again.
Nasmith conducted combat operations in the Sea of Marmara for a three-month period. When his torpedoes ran low, he set them to float at the end of their run, so that he could recover them should they fail to hit a target. At one point, he captured a sailing dhow, and lashed it to the conning tower of E11 as camouflage, and went on to capture an ammunition ship using small arms. His penetration of the Golden Horn was the first time an enemy ship had done so in over 500 years. He also attacked a railway viaduct.
Nasmith's first lieutenant, Guy D'Oyly-Hughes, and second lieutenant, Robert Brown, were awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, and all the rest of the crew were awarded the Distinguished Service Medal. Nasmith was promoted to commander immediately and to captain a year later.
Later in the war, Nasmith was in charge of the Seventh Submarine Flotilla in the Baltic and Senior Naval Officer at Reval (later Tallinn), and was appointed CB in 1920 for that service. He was captain of HMS Iron Duke 1921–1923.
He was appointed Commandant of the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, in 1926 and then became Rear Admiral Submarines in 1929. He became Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station in 1932 and Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel in 1935. He was Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth from 1938 and then Commander-in-Chief of Plymouth and Western Approaches Command from the outbreak of war in September 1939. He served as Flag Officer in charge of London from 1942 and retired in 1946. Before retiring in 1946 Nasmith moved to Rothes living out the remainder of his days in the town. The Dunbar-Nasmith family have had a long association with Rothes, with the family home being Auchinroath, just outside the town.
In retirement he became Vice Chairman of the Imperial War Graves Commission. He was also appointed Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom, a ceremonial position, and he became President of the Royal Naval Benevolent Trust.
He died in 1965, aged 83, and is buried at Elgin cemetery.
On 25 June 2015, the Royal Navy hosted a ceremony for the unveiling of a commemorative Victoria Cross paving stone at Elgin's war memorial hosted by Lieutenant Colonel Grenville Johnston, Lord Lieutenant of Moray, assisted by Rothes Parish Reverend Bob Anderson, to celebrate the admiral's efforts 100 years on. Rothes residents and primary school pupils gathered to pay tribute. Wreaths were laid by the Lord Lieutenant, Royal Navy, Moray Council, Submariners Association, Royal Naval Association Sea Cadets and Rothes Primary School.
Nasmith's VC is on display inside the main doors of the Britannia Royal Naval College, Dartmouth.
- The London Gazette, 16 January 1923
- Proto, Laura (16 April 2015). "World War I submariner and captain of HMS Iron Duke honoured with blue plaque in Barnes". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- "Martin Dunbar-Nasmith". Navy News: 42. July 2012.
- Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
- "No. 29206". The London Gazette. 25 June 1915. p. 6166.
- Hough. The Great War at Sea: 1914–1918. page 486
- The London Gazette, 26 June 1915
- The London Gazette, 2 July 1915
- The London Gazette, 28 July 1916
- Supplement to the London Gazette, 5 March 1920
- Dardanelles Patrol: the Story of Submarine E-11 (Peter Shankland & Anthony Hunter, 1964)
- Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939–1945
- Location of grave and VC medal (Grampian)
- NASMITH, Admiral Sir Martin (Eric) Dunbar-, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007
| Rear-Admiral Submarines
Sir Eric Fullerton
| Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station
Sir Frank Rose
Sir Dudley Pound
| Second Sea Lord
Sir Charles Little
Sir Reginald Plunkett
| Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth
Sir Charles Forbes
Sir Montague Browning
| Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom
Sir John Edelsten