Mary Lloyd (sculptor)
Mary Charlotte Lloyd
|Born||January 23, 1819|
|Died||1896 (aged 76–77)|
|Resting place||Llanelltyd, Wales|
|Partner||Frances Power Cobbe|
Mary Charlotte Lloyd (23 January 1819 – 1896) was a Welsh sculptor who studied with John Gibson in Rome and lived for decades with the well-known philosopher, animal welfare advocate, and feminist Frances Power Cobbe.
Lloyd was born in Denbighshire, Wales, the eighth of seventeen children, and the first of six girls, to Edward Lloyd of Rhagatt and his wife Frances Maddocks. Her father was a substantial squire over many counties, owning 4,300 acres of land, and Mary inherited money from a maiden aunt, Margaret, as well as gifts from Eleanor Charlotte Butler and Sarah Ponsonby, the Ladies of Llangollen. Both of her parents died in 1858.
She studied and worked with French artist Rosa Bonheur. In 1853 she was working in the studio of Welsh sculptor John Gibson in Rome, along with American sculptor Harriet Hosmer.
Lloyd met Frances Power Cobbe in the winter of 1861-2, in Rome. Mary and Frances networked with like minded women in Italy in the period, both being nonconformist, with a feminist outlook. In 1863, they settled together in London.
In 1858, Lloyd inherited a share in the Welsh landed estate of Hengwrt. This allowed Lloyd to refer to herself as a landed proprietor when signing petitions supporting women's suffrage, and also gave her some local political rights, such as the ability to appoint a vicar. She and Frances Power Cobbe retired to Hengwrt from London in April 1884.
Lloyd died in 1896 from heart disease and was buried together with Frances Power Cobbe in Saint Illtud Church Cemetery, Llanelltyd.
Relationship with Frances Power Cobbe
Mary and Frances were a couple, and were recognised as such by all their friends. Letters would be address to “you and Miss Lloyd” and Frances peppered her own writings with ‘our house’, ‘our garden’, ‘we’ and other joint terminology. Frances writing to her friend Mary Somerville refers to Lloyd as ‘my wife’, and her death in 1896 affected Frances badly. Her friend, the writer Blanche Atkinson, writing, “The sorrow of Miss Lloyd’s death changed the whole aspect of existence for Miss Cobbe. The joy of life had gone. It had been such a friendship as is rarely seen – perfect in love, sympathy, and mutual understand.” 
Mary Lloyd is the fictionalized narrator of a 2002 story by Emma Donoghue, "The Fox on the Line", about the relationship between Lloyd and Cobbe, and their anti-vivisection activism.
- ^ a b c Mitchell, Sally (2004). Frances Power Cobbe: Victorian Feminist, Journalist, Reformer. University of Virginia Press.
- ^ Cherry, Deborah (2000). Beyond the Frame: Feminism and Visual Culture, Britain 1850 -1900. Routledge.
- ^ http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I158815&tree=Welsh Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine (cited to Walford, County Families of the United Kingdom, p. 359)
- ^ a b McAuliffe, Mary; Tiernan, Sonja (26 March 2009). Tribades, Tommies and Transgressives; History of Sexualities: Volume I. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 96. ISBN 978-1-4438-0788-3.
- ^ Shopland, Norena 'Frances and Mary' from Forbidden Lives: LGBT stories from Wales Seren Books (2017)
- ^ Brouckmans, Debbie; D'hoker, Elke (December 2014). "Rewriting the Irish Short Story: Emma Donoghue's The Woman Who Gave Birth to Rabbits". Journal of the Short Story in English. Les Cahiers de la nouvelle (63).
- ^ Donoghue, Emma (1 June 2003). The Woman Who Gave Birth to Rabbits: Stories. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 978-0-547-63036-6.