Le Mas-d'Azil

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Le Mas-d'Azil
The church of Saint-Etienne
The church of Saint-Etienne
Coat of arms of Le Mas-d'Azil
Coat of arms
Le Mas-d'Azil is located in France
Le Mas-d'Azil
Le Mas-d'Azil
Coordinates: 43°04′54″N 1°21′41″E / 43.0817°N 1.3614°E / 43.0817; 1.3614Coordinates: 43°04′54″N 1°21′41″E / 43.0817°N 1.3614°E / 43.0817; 1.3614
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Ariège
Arrondissement Saint-Girons
Canton Arize-Lèze
Intercommunality L'Arize
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Raymond Berdou
Area1 39.36 km2 (15.20 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 1,226
 • Density 31/km2 (81/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 09181 /09290
Elevation 275–580 m (902–1,903 ft)
(avg. 320 m or 1,050 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Le Mas-d'Azil is a commune in the Ariège department in southwestern France, containing a cave that is the typesite for the prehistoric Azilian culture. The Grotte du Mas d'Azil (sometimes hyphenated, sometimes not) is a "supersite" with rich remains of human usage from about 30,000 years ago, and is also a key site for the preceding Magdalenian culture. The D119 road runs right through the large cave, which is a natural tunnel 420 metres long and 50 metres high.[1]


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 1,643 —    
1968 1,682 +2.4%
1975 1,568 −6.8%
1982 1,404 −10.5%
1990 1,307 −6.9%
1999 1,117 −14.5%
2008 1,226 +9.8%

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Philippe Barbour; Dana Facaros; Michael Pauls (2004). Cadogan guides France. New Holland Publishers. p. 520. ISBN 186011881X. ; Paul G. Bahn; Jean Vertut (1997). Journey Through the Ice Age. p. 96. ISBN 9780520213067.