Saint-Girons, Ariège

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Saint-Girons
General view of the town
General view of the town
Coat of arms of Saint-Girons
Coat of arms
Location of Saint-Girons
Saint-Girons is located in France
Saint-Girons
Saint-Girons
Saint-Girons is located in Occitanie
Saint-Girons
Saint-Girons
Coordinates: 42°59′09″N 1°08′48″E / 42.9858°N 1.1467°E / 42.9858; 1.1467Coordinates: 42°59′09″N 1°08′48″E / 42.9858°N 1.1467°E / 42.9858; 1.1467
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentAriège
ArrondissementSaint-Girons
CantonCouserans Ouest
IntercommunalitySaint-Girons
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) François Murillo
Area
1
19.13 km2 (7.39 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
6,803
 • Density360/km2 (920/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
09261 /09200
Elevation387–1,200 m (1,270–3,937 ft)
(avg. 391 m or 1,283 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Girons (French: [sɛ̃.ʒi.ʁɔ̃]; Occitan: Sent Gironç) is a commune in the Ariège department in southwestern France.

History[edit]

Antiquity[edit]

Funerary cippus to a Pompeia

Unlike its close neighbour Saint-Lizier, Saint-Girons isn't an ancient city; there was however a lucus on its present territory where some Roman finds were made during the construction of the train station in the beginning of the twentieth century. Modern-days district Le Luc is considered to owe its name to this ancient lucus.

Foundation[edit]

St Girons' Church by the Salat river
St Girons' Church by the Salat river

The city is named after Saint Girons, a saint from fifth-century Landes who evangelized Novempopulania. In the ninth century some of his relics were supposedly buried in Saint Girons' Church, around which the city later developed.

Climate[edit]

Saint-Girons has a moderate but warm oceanic climate, that is quite prone to temporary vast extremes in temperature as a result of its inland position.

Climate data for Saint-Girons, Ariège (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
31.2
(88.2)
29.0
(84.2)
29.0
(84.2)
32.1
(89.8)
38.9
(102.0)
38.2
(100.8)
38.6
(101.5)
36.5
(97.7)
33.3
(91.9)
26.4
(79.5)
25.0
(77.0)
38.9
(102.0)
Average high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
11.3
(52.3)
14.2
(57.6)
16.0
(60.8)
19.5
(67.1)
22.9
(73.2)
25.5
(77.9)
25.6
(78.1)
23.0
(73.4)
19.0
(66.2)
13.7
(56.7)
10.9
(51.6)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
1.1
(34.0)
3.3
(37.9)
5.2
(41.4)
8.9
(48.0)
12.5
(54.5)
14.5
(58.1)
14.3
(57.7)
11.2
(52.2)
8.0
(46.4)
3.5
(38.3)
0.9
(33.6)
7.0
(44.6)
Record low °C (°F) −18.7
(−1.7)
−16.5
(2.3)
−12.8
(9.0)
−4.2
(24.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
2.2
(36.0)
5.2
(41.4)
4.7
(40.5)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−10.2
(13.6)
−12.3
(9.9)
−18.7
(−1.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 83.3
(3.28)
61.6
(2.43)
80.2
(3.16)
104.6
(4.12)
101.8
(4.01)
77.4
(3.05)
52.2
(2.06)
72.6
(2.86)
73.0
(2.87)
80.1
(3.15)
82.0
(3.23)
83.4
(3.28)
952.2
(37.49)
Average precipitation days 10.4 9.2 10.7 12.0 12.2 9.3 7.2 8.9 8.6 10.5 9.8 10.0 118.9
Average snowy days 3.1 3.4 2.7 1.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.4 3.1 15.1
Average relative humidity (%) 79 77 74 75 78 78 76 78 78 81 81 80 77.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 119.3 130.5 169.2 168.7 179.4 189.3 204.6 207.2 190.1 152.4 117.2 108.7 1,936.3
Source #1: Météo France[2][3]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[4]

Population[edit]

Inhabitants of Saint-Girons are called Saint-Gironnais.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17932,749—    
18003,054+11.1%
18063,348+9.6%
18213,868+15.5%
18314,381+13.3%
18364,282−2.3%
18413,901−8.9%
18464,142+6.2%
18513,981−3.9%
18564,005+0.6%
18614,576+14.3%
18664,745+3.7%
18724,690−1.2%
18764,953+5.6%
18815,191+4.8%
18865,459+5.2%
18915,448−0.2%
18965,915+8.6%
19016,018+1.7%
19065,990−0.5%
19115,929−1.0%
19215,749−3.0%
19266,178+7.5%
19316,120−0.9%
19366,406+4.7%
19467,026+9.7%
19546,841−2.6%
19627,368+7.7%
19687,971+8.2%
19758,130+2.0%
19827,260−10.7%
19906,596−9.1%
19996,254−5.2%
20086,579+5.2%
Hilly countryside
Countryside
Countryside, Pyrenees
Countryside

Sport[edit]

Stage 8 of the 2009 Tour de France finished in Saint-Girons, after travelling 176 km from Andorra la Vella.

State 9 of the 2013 Tour de France started here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Saint-Girons" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  3. ^ "Climat Midi-Pyrénées" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  4. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Saint-Girons - Antichan (09) - altitude 411m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved January 8, 2016.