Mermaid of Warsaw
A creature was on Warsaw's coat of arms in 1390. It showed an animal with a bird's legs and a torso covered with dragon scales. The seal of 1459 had feminine characteristics, a bird torso, human hands, a fishtail, and bird legs and claws. The first presentation of a mermaid dates from 1622.
The inspiration for the coat of arms was probably derived from the 2nd-century book Physiologus.
The legend of the Warsaw mermaid
There are several legends about the mermaid. The City's literature and tour guides say the mermaid decided to stay after stopping on a riverbank near the Old Town. Fishermen noticed something was creating waves, tangling nets, and releasing their fish. They planned to trap the animal, then heard her singing and fell in love. A rich merchant trapped and imprisoned the mermaid. Hearing her cries, the fishermen rescued her. Ever since, the mermaid, armed with a sword and a shield, has been ready to help protect the city and its residents.
Another state she helped a prince lost hunting and he founded the city in her honour.
Monuments and carvings of the Warsaw mermaid
The Old Town Market Place
The sculpture in Warsaw's Old Town Square was designed by Varsovian sculptor Konstanty Hegel.
Originally (1855–1928) and now (since 2000) it stands in the marketplace. At other times, it was moved to different places in Warsaw. In 2008, the original sculpture made of bronzed zinc was taken from the market for maintenance work. The sculpture was in a very poor condition due to mechanical damage and numerous acts of vandalism. The repaired original was transferred to the Museum of Warsaw, and replaced with a copy of made by the Jacek Guzera foundry in Dąbrowie near Kielce.
This statue, made of gunmetal, was erected in April 1939 in Powiśle near the Vistula river. The sculpture is by Ludwika Nitschowa and posed by poet Krystyna Krahelska. Originally, it was to be a 20-metre high sculpture made of glass, placed on a pillar in the middle of the Vistula channel. For financial reasons, this idea was abandoned, opting for a more modest solution - a sculpture surrounded by fish and seagulls, which was to be set up in a fountain.
The monument was not on the list of objects intended by the Germans for dismantling, it was also one of the few that survived World War II without major damage.
The Markiewicz viaduct
A mermaid sculpted by Jan Woydyga was erected on the Stanislaw Markiewicz viaduct in Karowa Street in 1905.
A mermaid designed by Alexander Żurakowski in 1947 was engraved onto the shield on the breast of a statue of an eagle located in the main meeting hall of the Polish parliament, the Sejm.
This mermaid is over the entrance to the former tram depot on 6 Inżynierska Street.
This mermaid is in front of the district office of the Warsaw borough of Praga-Południe at 274 Grochowska Street, and was made by Jerzy Chojnacki. It originally stood in Saska Kępa, in front of the Sawa movie theatre.
The Palace of Culture and Science
The mermaid in the Polish parliament, the Sejm
- The coat of arms of Warsaw
- The Little Mermaid, in Copenhagen
- Pania of the reef, in Napier
- The Warsaw Nike
- The Warsaw Unicorn
- "Warsaw legends". Warsaw Tour/Fall in love with Warsaw. Warsaw Tourist Office. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2014-10-02.
Ever since, the Mermaid, armed with sword and shield, has been ready to help protect the city and its residents
- "The Story of Syrenka - Symbol of Warsaw". In Your Pocket. In Your Pocket. Retrieved 2014-10-02.
Miraculously, a mermaid emerged and guided the prince to safety by firing burning arrows into the sky. Warsaw was founded out of gratitude, and the mermaid adopted as its emblem.
- "Monument to the Mermaid". monuments-remembrance.eu. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
- User: TenKobuz (2014-06-10). "Palac Kultury i Nauki Detal 80 30017.jpg". Wikimedia. Wikimedia. Retrieved 2014-12-30.