Military Industry Corporation

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Military Industry Corporation
Native name
هيئة التصنيع الحربي
State-owned company
IndustryDefence
Founded1993; 27 years ago (1993)[1]
Headquarters,
Area served
Africa
Key people
Omar Hassan Al-Bashir (President)
Productsmunitions, firearms, artillery, combat vehicle, naval vessels, civil and military aerospace, electro-optical devices, telecommunications
SubsidiariesAlshagara Industrial Complex
Yarmouk Industrial Complex
Elshaheed Ibrahim Shamseldeen Complex for Heavy Industries
Alzargaa Engineering Complex
Safat Aviation Complex
Websitewww.mic.sd

The Military Industry Corporation is the state-run defense corporation of Sudan. It is responsible for the production of a wide range of defense equipment, such as munitions, firearms, artillery etc.

History[edit]

The MIC was established by national decree in 1993 under the Ministry of Defence and consolidate the existing defense establishment and manufacturing plants.

Organization[edit]

The MIC is grouped into the following major complexes covering different areas:

  • Alshagara Industrial Complex (AIC)
Established in 1959 as the El Sharja Ammunition Plant,[2] it was absorbed into MIC during its formation. AIC is responsible for manufacturing a wide range of small arms ammunition.[2]
  • Yarmouk Industrial Complex (YIC)
Established in 1994 and inaugurated in 1996, YIC appears to be responsible for the processing and manufacturing of dual use products that cover the construction, transport and manufacturing industries in Khartoum's Soba section.[2] It's managed by the National Intelligence and Security Service and has a 35% ownership by Iran.[2] Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corp personnel were reported to be working there.[3] In 2012, it was suggested that the Israeli Air Force conducted an air strike on YIC.[4]
  • Elshaheed Ibrahim Shamseldeen Complex for Heavy Industries
Established in 2002 in Giad, the complex is responsible for the manufacturing and maintenance of armored vehicles as well as industrial heavy vehicles.[2]
  • Alzargaa Engineering Complex
Established in 1999 and inaugurated in 2004 in Halfya, Khartoum,[2] the Alzargaa Engineering Complex is responsible for various electronics and electro-optic equipment for the Sudan military.[2] It is also involved in the Sudanese telecommunications market through Sudatel.
  • Safat Aviation Complex (SAC)
Established in 2005, SAC is responsible for supporting the Sudanese Air Force in the maintenance of its military aviation capabilities. Africa Confidential reports that UAVs made in SAC were done with Iranian assistance.[2]

Productions[edit]

The MIC have advertised a wide range of products that appears to be versions of equipment originally supplied to Sudan or licensed by China, Russia and Iran.[5] Armored vehicles are repaired and produced at the Elshaheed Ibrahim Shams el Deen Complex in Khartoum.[6]

Small arms[edit]

Pistols[edit]

A CZ-75 clone built with Chinese machinery, originally designed and built in the Czech Republic.[7]
A clone built from Chinese machinery; in .32 ACP caliber, originally designed and built in Czech Republic.[8]

Assault rifles[edit]

Local licensed copy of the G3 rifle designed in Germany, it is assembled with Iranian machine tools.[9]
Chinese AKM. Built with Chinese machinery. It is marketed as a submachine gun.[10]
Chinese AR-15 clone, built with machinery bought from China.[11] It was marked as being chambered in 7.62 NATO ammo.[12] The correction was made that MIC documentation mentions that it chambers 5.56 NATO ammo in recent years.[11]
Based on the QBZ-97/Type 97,[13] it is chambered in 5.56 NATO ammo and seemingly made from Chinese components shipped to Khartoum.[14]

Sub-machine guns[edit]

Designed in Germany, it's made from Iranian machinery.[15]

Machine-guns[edit]

A Type 80 machine gun built from machinery bought in China.[16]
A Type 85 heavy machine gun built from machinery bought in China.[17]
A MG3 machine gun designed in Germany, also built from machinery bought in Iran.[18]

Grenade launcher[edit]

Light antitank weapons[edit]

A widely used antitank weapon, manufactured under from Bulgaria's ATGL-type RPGs, although the pistol grips were based on Iranian-made RPGs.[20][11] A variant of it, the Sinar RPG-7V, is based on Iranian commando-type RPGs.[11]

Heavy antitank weapons[edit]

A licensed version of the HJ-8.[11]

MANPANDS[edit]

Made from the FN-6.[14]

Armored vehicles[edit]

Jeeps[edit]

Licensed version of the Safir.[21]

MBT[edit]

Unlicensed copy from Russia/China.
Unlicensed copy from China.[22]
Unlicensed copy from Iran.[23]
Unlicensed copy from China, similar to Type 59D.[24]
  • SarSar-2
An armored recon vehicle based on a South Korean KIA truck chassis made under license.[11]
  • Tamal
A technical based on the Ruiqi pickup trucks made under Zhengzhou Nissan.[11]
  • Nimr LRPV:
An armored patrol vehicle based on a Dongfeng-made vehicle.[25]

Howitzer[edit]

Unlicensed copy from Bulgaria or Iran.[11]

IFV[edit]

Unlicensed copy, originally produced in Russia; derived from the BTR-80A IFV.[26]
Unlicensed copy, originally produced in China; derived from the WZ551 IFV.[27]
  • Shareef 3 IFV
An upgrade to the BTR-70 by changing original two ZMZ-4905 engines with a more fuel-efficient KAMAZ-7403 V8 water-cooled diesel developing 260hp at 2,600 rpm with the installation of a BMP-1 IFV turret.[26]
Unlicensed copy, originally produced in Iran; derived from the Rakhsh IFV.
Clone of the BRDM-2. Its engine is changed from a GAZ-41 V8 petrol engine developing 140 hp to an Isuzu 6HH-1 6-cylinder diesel developing 210 hp.[28]
Unlicensed copy, originally produced in Iran, derived from the Boragh IFV.
Variant of Khatim 1, houses a mortar.[11]
  • Khatim 4
Variant of Khatim 1. It debuted at the IDEX 2017 convention.[29]

Artillery[edit]

Unlicensed copy, originally produced in Russia; derived from the BS-3.
Unlicensed copy, originally produced in Russia; derived from the D-30M.[11] It's mounted on a Kamaz truck.[25]
Unlicensed copy, originally produced in Russia; derived from the M-30.
Unlicensed copy, originally produced in Russia; derived from the M-37M.
Unlicensed copy, originally produced in Russia; derived from the SPG-9.
Unlicensed copy, originally produced in China; derived from the Chinese MLRS Type 63.[25] It's mounted on a South Korean KIA-made truck.[25]

Others[edit]

  • Ateed
An indigenous RCWS system, it debuted at the IDEX 2015 convention.[30] It's licensed from the Iranian ARIO-H762 RCWS made by Rayan Roshd Afzar.[31][32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Us - Mulitary Industry Corporation". Archived from the original on 2016-02-07. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/sudan-s-military-industry-expanding-small-arms-survey
  3. ^ http://www.smallarmssurveysudan.org/fileadmin/docs/facts-figures/sudan/HSBA-MIC-Open-Source-Review-2014.pdf
  4. ^ https://www.sipri.org/sites/default/files/files/FS/SIPRIFS1301.pdf
  5. ^ "Military Industry Corporation (MIC) Products". Archived from the original on 2012-04-01. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  6. ^ Mitzer, Stijn; Oliemans, Joost (May 31, 2017). "Exotic Armour, an inside look at Sudan's armour repair facility". Oryx Blog. Archived from the original on June 3, 2017. To help ease the Sudan established an armour repair workshop and the Elshaheed Ibrahim Shams el Deen Complex, the latter of which is also involved in the production of several types of armoured fighting vehicles. [...] This opposed to the Elshaheed Ibrahim Shams el Deen Complex, which is part of the Military Industry Corporation (MIC). The armour repair workshop is located in the heart of Khartoum, which is certainly an interesting location to set up such a facility.
  7. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080310194458/http://mic.sd/images/products/wepons/en/pisazhri.htm
  8. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080312023536/http://mic.sd/images/products/wepons/en/pissewar.htm
  9. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080310194436/http://mic.sd/images/products/wepons/en/DINARbn.html
  10. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080310161823/http://mic.sd/images/products/wepons/en/MAZbn.html
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j http://www.smallarmssurveysudan.org/fileadmin/docs/facts-figures/sudan/HSBA-IDEX-2015.pdf
  12. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080228050751/http://mic.sd/images/products/wepons/en/Terabbn.html
  13. ^ https://www.smallarmsreview.com/archive/detail.arc.entry.cfm?arcid=22533
  14. ^ a b c http://www.sadefensejournal.com/wp/idex-abu-2017/
  15. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080312023900/http://mic.sd/images/products/wepons/en/TIHRAGAbn.html
  16. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080310075132/http://mic.sd/images/products/wepons/en/MOKHTARrsh.html
  17. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080310161817/http://mic.sd/images/products/wepons/en/KHAWADrsh.html
  18. ^ McNab, C. (2012). MG 34 and MG 42 Machine Guns. Osprey Publishing Limited. ISBN 9781782003090. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  19. ^ https://africasustainableconservation.com/2015/02/26/sudan-becomes-arms-producer/
  20. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080310194452/http://mic.sd/images/products/wepons/en/SINARgzf.html
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 April 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ Administrator. "Al-Bashir DAA01 main battle tank data sheet specifications description pictures video | Sudan Sudanese army tank heavy armoured | Sudan Sudanese army military equipment vehicles UK". www.armyrecognition.com. Retrieved 2017-09-03.
  23. ^ "Safir-74 - Tank Encyclopedia". www.tanks-encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2017-09-03.
  24. ^ Administrator. "Al-Zubair 2 DAA03 main battle tank data sheet specifications information pictures video Sudan | Sudan Sudanese army tank heavy armoured | Sudan Sudanese army military equipment vehicles UK". www.armyrecognition.com. Retrieved 2017-09-03.
  25. ^ a b c d https://www.armyrecognition.com/weapons_defence_industry_military_technology_uk/sudan_defense_industry_has_developed_a_full_range_of_military_combat_and_armoured_vehicles_12008151.html
  26. ^ a b https://web.archive.org/web/20190405195122/https://www.janes.com/article/87227/sudan-reveals-shareef-3-upgrade-to-btr-70
  27. ^ https://www.armyrecognition.com/sudan_sudanese_army_wheeled_armoured_vehicles/shareef-2_dca02_6x6_aifv_armoured_infantry_fighting_vehicle_data_sheet_specifications_pictures.html
  28. ^ https://www.defenceweb.co.za/land/land-land/sudan-puts-its-metal-on-display-at-idex/
  29. ^ https://www.khaleejtimes.com/nation/abu-dhabi/sudan-flexes-its-military-muscles-at-idex
  30. ^ https://www.armyrecognition.com/idex_2015_news_official_online_show_daily_coverage/ateed_an_automated_weapon_station_is_presented_by_mic-sudan_at_idex_2015.html
  31. ^ https://www.iranwatch.org/iranian-entities/rayan-roshd-afzar
  32. ^ https://armamentresearch.com/arms-diversion-in-iraq-iranian-ru60g-thermal-weapon-sight/

External links[edit]