Type 80 machine gun
Syrian soldier with the Type 80 machine gun.
|Place of origin||People's Republic of China|
|In service||1983 - Present|
|Used by||See Users|
|Manufacturer||China North Industries Corporation|
|Weight||12.6 kg (27.78 lb)|
|Length||1,192 mm (46.9 in)|
|Barrel length||658 mm (25.9 in)|
|Action||Gas-operated, open bolt|
|Rate of fire||700–800 round/min|
|Muzzle velocity||840 m/s (2,776 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||1,640 yd (100—1,500 m sight adjustments)|
|Feed system||Belts in 100/200/250 round boxes|
|Sights||Open sights. Optical/Night vision scope can be outfitted.|
The Type 80 (Chinese: 80式通用机枪) is a general-purpose machine gun manufactured by Norinco in the People's Republic of China, based on the Russian Kalashnikov PKM series. The machine gun was certified for design finalisation in 1980 and entered the PLA service in the mid-1980s, specifically in 1983. The Type 80 was intended as a successor to the Chinese independently developed Type 67, doing well in tests conducted in the Chengdu Military Region before it was dropped and instead, opted to keep the Type 67 GPMG in use. Only a few Type 80s were used in the People's Liberation Army Marine Corps and a modified Type 80, named as Type 86, was then accepted by PLA armor units.
The Type 80 chambers and fires the 7.62×54mmR round. It is a gas-operated, air-cooled, belt-fed, fully automatic firearm. It can fire on both the tripod and the foldable bipod on the gas tube below the barrel. Belts are used from 100-round boxes in the light machine gun configurations, and from 200- or 250-round boxes in tripod-mounted applications. The machine gun uses an open iron sight, but can also be fitted with an optical or night-vision sight.
- Type 80 - The copy of the PKM GPMG, chambered in 7.62×54mmR.
- Type 86
- CF06 - An export-only version of the Type 80, which is chambered for 7.62 NATO ammunition. A study on creating the CF06 started with an evaluation from July to December 2006 with a prototype review on February 2007. Production started from April to May 2007 before the CF06 was officially formalized in January 2008. It's also known as the CS/LM4 GPMG (Chinese: CS/LM 4型通用机枪).
- Bangladesh: In service with the Bangladesh Army and President Guard Regiment.
- China: Currently in service in small numbers with Chinese special forces.
- Croatia: Some used by Crotian police units in the 1990s.
- Sri Lanka: In service with the Sri Lanka Army. Around 200 Type 80 GPMGs were supplied by Norinco as part of several defense agreements between China and Sri Lanka.
- Syria: used by a NDF
- PKM - The original.
- UKM-2000 - Polish version of the PKM for 7.62mm NATO.
- Zastava M84 - Serbian clone of the PKM.
- This is due to the Type 80's basis from the PK GPMG.
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