Type 80 machine gun

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Type 80
VOA Arrott - A View of Syria, Under Government Crackdown 08.jpg
Syrian soldier with the Type 80 machine gun.
Type
Place of origin  People's Republic of China
Service history
In service 1983 - Present
Used by See Users
Production history
Designer Mikhail Kalashnikov[1]
Designed 1980
Manufacturer China North Industries Corporation
Produced 1983[2]
Variants See Variants
Specifications
Weight 12.6 kg (27.78 lb)
Length 1,192 mm (46.9 in)
Barrel length 658 mm (25.9 in)

Cartridge 7.62×54mmR
Action Gas-operated, open bolt
Rate of fire 700–800 round/min
Muzzle velocity 840 m/s (2,776 ft/s)
Effective firing range 1,640 yd (100—1,500 m sight adjustments)
Feed system Belts in 100/200/250 round boxes
Sights Open sights. Optical/Night vision scope can be outfitted.

The Type 80 (Chinese: 80式通用机枪) is a general-purpose machine gun manufactured by Norinco in the People's Republic of China, based on the Russian Kalashnikov PKM series. The machine gun was certified for design finalisation in 1980 and entered the PLA service in the mid-1980s, specifically in 1983.[2] The Type 80 was intended as a successor to the Chinese independently developed Type 67, doing well in tests conducted in the Chengdu Military Region before it was dropped and instead, opted to keep the Type 67 GPMG in use.[2] Only a few Type 80s were used in the People's Liberation Army Marine Corps and a modified Type 80, named as Type 86, was then accepted by PLA armor units.

Design[edit]

The Type 80 chambers and fires the 7.62×54mmR round. It is a gas-operated, air-cooled, belt-fed, fully automatic firearm. It can fire on both the tripod and the foldable bipod on the gas tube below the barrel.[3] Belts are used from 100-round boxes in the light machine gun configurations, and from 200- or 250-round boxes in tripod-mounted applications. The machine gun uses an open iron sight, but can also be fitted with an optical or night-vision sight.[3]

Variants[edit]

  • Type 80 - The copy of the PKM GPMG, chambered in 7.62×54mmR.[4]
  • Type 86
  • CF06 - An export-only version of the Type 80, which is chambered for 7.62 NATO ammunition.[5][6] A study on creating the CF06 started with an evaluation from July to December 2006 with a prototype review on February 2007.[4] Production started from April to May 2007 before the CF06 was officially formalized in January 2008.[4] It's also known as the CS/LM4 GPMG (Chinese: CS/LM 4型通用机枪).

Foreign variants[edit]

Users[edit]

See also[edit]

  • PKM - The original.
  • UKM-2000 - Polish version of the PKM for 7.62mm NATO.
  • Zastava M84 - Serbian clone of the PKM.

References[edit]

  1. ^ This is due to the Type 80's basis from the PK GPMG.
  2. ^ a b c d 中国80式7.62毫米通用机枪至今仍大量出口(图) (in Chinese). Sina. Archived from the original on 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  3. ^ a b c "Type 80 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Gun". 2007-08-13. Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  4. ^ a b c 80式通用机枪 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2013-04-29. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  5. ^ "中国研制成功新型CF06式7.62毫米通用机枪(图)" (in Chinese). Sina. 2007-10-16. Archived from the original on 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  6. ^ "图文:国产CF06式7.62毫米通用机枪结构示意图" (in Chinese). Sina. 2007-10-16. Archived from the original on 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  7. ^ http://www.bdmilitary.com/forces-equipment/crew-served-weapons/general-purpose-machine-guns/bd-14-general-purpose-machine-gun/
  8. ^ "President Guard Regiment". Archived from the original on 2013-04-29. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  9. ^ http://www.mup.hr/main.aspx?id=148928#5f
  10. ^ "Chinese arms, radar for Sri Lanka military". 2007-06-05. Archived from the original on 2012-06-14. Retrieved 2010-05-04.