Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services
|Ministère de la Sécurité communautaire et des Services correctionnels (French)|
|Government ministry overview|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Ontario|
|Headquarters||18th Floor, 25 Grosvenor Street, Toronto, Ontario|
The Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services (French: Ministère de la Sécurité communautaire et des Services correctionnels) is responsible for law enforcement services in the Canadian province of Ontario, including the Ontario Provincial Police, correctional centres, detention centres/jails (detention centres and jails are essentially the same except the latter are smaller), parole boards, public safety and disaster management (under The Office of the Fire Marshal and Emergency Management). The ministry was created as the Ministry of Public Safety and Security in 2002 with the amalgamation of the former Ministry of Correctional Services and the Ministry of the Solicitor General of Ontario. Its headquarters are on the 18th floor of 25 Grosvenor Street in Toronto.
- 1 History
- 2 List of Ministers of Reform Institutions
- 3 List of Ministers of Correctional Services
- 4 List of Ministers of Community Safety and Correctional Services
- 5 List of Solicitors-General of Ontario
- 6 Security guard and private investigator licensing
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The Ministry was formed in April 1946 in the cabinet of Premier George Drew. Prior to the ministry prisons were administered by the Department of Reform Institutions under the responsibility of the provincial secretary. The first minister was George Dunbar whose first act was to create six work farms around the province.
On July 1, 1968, the ministry name was changed to Correctional Services. The first minister was Allan Grossman. Grossman said the change was made to update the service to reflect changes in attitudes to penal institutions. Prison guards were issued new uniforms that removed aspects of militarism from their appearance.
In April 2002, the Ministry was renamed as Public Safety and Security. This was done in aftermath of 2001 terrorist attacks. The new ministry encompassed correctional services as well as a new emphasis on border security.
The ministry name was changed again when the Liberals took over in 2003. New Premier, Dalton McGuinty reorganized cabinet and named Monte Kwinter as the first minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services. One of Kwinter's first moves was to close a prison boot camp for teenagers setup by the previous Conservative administration.
List of Ministers of Reform Institutions
- George Dunbar, 1946-1949
- William Hamilton, 1949-1950
- John Foote, 1950-1957
- Matthew Dymond, 1957-1958
- Ray Connell, 1958 (May-December)
- George Wardrope, 1958-1961
- Irwin Haskett, 1961-1963
- Allan Grossman, 1963-1968
List of Ministers of Correctional Services
- Allan Grossman, 1968-1971
- Syl Apps, 1971-1974
- Richard Potter, 1974-1975
- John Smith, 1975-1977
- Arthur Meen, 1977 (February-June)
- John MacBeth, 1977 (June-September)
- Frank Drea, 1977-1978
- Gordon Walker, 1978-1981
- Nick Leluk, 1981-1985
- Don Cousens, 1985 (May-June)
- Ken Keyes, 1985-1987
- David Ramsay, 1987-1989
- Richard Patten, 1989-1990
- Mike Farnan, 1990-1991
- Allan Pilkey, 1991-1992
- David Christopherson, 1992-1995
- Bob Runciman, 1995-1999
- Rob Sampson, 1999-2000
- Bob Runciman, 2000-2001
- Rob Sampson, 2001-2002
- Bob Runciman, 2002-2003[a]
List of Ministers of Community Safety and Correctional Services
- Monte Kwinter, 2003–2007
- Rick Bartolucci, 2007–2010
- Jim Bradley, 2010–2011
- Madeleine Meilleur, 2011–2014
- Yasir Naqvi, 2014–2016
- David Orazietti, 2016 (June-December)
- Marie-France Lalonde, 2017-Present
List of Solicitors-General of Ontario
- John Yaremko, 1972–1974
- George Albert Kerr, 1974–1975
- John Clement, 1975 (June–October)
- John Palmer MacBeth, 1975–1978
- George Albert Kerr, 1978 (January–September)
- Roy McMurtry, 1978–1982 †
- George William Taylor, 1982–1985
- John Reesor Williams, 1985 (February–May)
- Kenneth A. Keyes, 1985–1986
- Ian Scott, 1986–1987 †
- Kenneth A. Keyes, 1987 (January–September)
- Joan Smith, 1987–1989
- Ian Scott, 1989 (June–August) †
- Steven Offer, 1989–1990
- Mike Farnan, 1990–1991
- Allan Pilkey, 1991–1993
- David Christopherson, 1993–1995
- Bob Runciman, 1995–1998
- Jim Flaherty, 1998–1998 (April-July)
- Bob Runciman, 1998–1999
- David Tsubouchi, 1999–2001
- David Turnbull, 2001–2002
† Concurrently served as Attorney General
Security guard and private investigator licensing
In 2010, the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services began to administer tests for new applicants and existing security guard or private investigator cardholders. Prior to 2010, any individual (as long as they were free, or pardoned, of a criminal charge) could obtain one or both licences just by paying 80 dollars for each. The new requirements came after a coroner's inquest into the death of Patrick Shand, who died from asphyxiation while in the custody of an untrained private security guard and staff at a Loblaws store in Scarborough. Despite the store chain's policy of prohibiting use of force against shoplifters, Shand was restrained and handcuffed. Shand remained handcuffed when staff had to perform CPR after the former went into respiratory arrest. The handcuffs were not removed until Shand was placed in an ambulance 18 minutes after the 911 call was made.
In response to the inquest's recommendations, applicants for security guard or private investigator licences must pass a 32-hour training course before writing a test. 62.5% is a passing grade for security guards and 77% for private investigators.
- Renamed Ministry of Public Safety and Security in wake of September 11 attacks.
- "Contact Us." Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services. Retrieved on August 12, 2010.
- "Important Cabinet Changes". The Globe and Mail. April 16, 1946. p. 6.
- "Guards to get new uniforms with new image". The Globe and Mail. May 30, 1968. p. 35.
- "New ministry to oversee public security". The Kitchener Record. April 16, 2002. p. A4.
- Wallace, James (November 8, 2003). "Liberals closing provincial boot camp". Timmins Daily Press. p. 15.
- Man died from accidental suffocation during arrest: inquest, CBC News, April 23, 2004