Minuscule 1424

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Minuscule 1424
New Testament manuscript
Folio 317 recto of the codex
Folio 317 recto of the codex
TextNew Testament
Date9/10th century
Found1912-1913, in Ikosifinissa
Now atLutheran School of Theology at Chicago
CiteKenneth W. Clark, "A Descriptive Catalogue of Greek New Testament Manuscripts in North America". Chicago 1937, pp. 90-106.
Size28 by 18 cm
TypeCaesarean, Byzantine
CategoryIII, V
Notebelongs to the Family 1424

Minuscule 1424 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), δ 30 (von Soden)[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, written on 337 parchment leaves (28 by 18 cm). It has been dated paleographically to the 9th or 10th century).[2]


The codex contains the entire New Testament with only one lacuna (Matthew 1:23-2:16). The books follow in this rather strange order: Gospels, Acts, Catholic epistles, Revelation of John, Pauline epistles. The text is written in one column per page, 29-33 lines per page.[2][3]

The tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) are placed before each book, the Eusebian Canon tables, numbers of the κεφαλαια (chapters) at the margin, the τιτλοι at the top of the pages, a division according to the Ammonian Sections, with a references to the Eusebian Canons, and the Euthalian Apparatus.[4]

There are marginal commentaries on the Gospels (Chrystostomos), Acts and Epistles; only the Book of Revelation lacks commentaries. The Eusebian Canons presented, added by a different, probably later, hand.[4]


The Greek text of the codex, is a representative of the Byzantine text-type with alien readings. Streeter remarked some relations between the codex and the various "Caesarean" witnesses, especially in the Gospel of Mark, but conceded it is only a tertiary witness to the type. But there are more of the Alexandrian readings than Caesarean. The manuscript together with M (021), 7, 27, 71, 115, 160, 179, 185, 267, 349, 517, 659, 692, 827, 945, 954, 990, 1010, 1082, 1188, 1194, 1207, 1223, 1391, 1402, 1606, 1675, 2191 and other manuscripts belongs to the Family 1424 (von Soden's I φ group). The whole Family 1424 deserves a more textual study than it received.[5] According to Kurt and Barbara Aland in Gospel of Mark it agrees 88 times against the original text, 23 times supports the original text against the Byzantine, and 63 times it agrees with both. It has also 35 independent or distinctive readings. Alands placed the text of the codex in Category III for the Gospel of Mark, and in Category V for the rest of books.[5]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual cluster 1675 in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20, as a diverging member.[6]

Textual variants

The word before the bracket is of UBS edition

Matthew 11:2 – Χριστου ] Ιησου (supported by Codex Bezae, 0233, Lectionary 241 and other mss);[7]
John 12:5 – τριακοσιων ] διακοσιων;[8]


Currently it is dated by the INTF to the 9th or 10th century.[5][3]

The codex was written by a monk named Sabas. Formerly it was held in the monastery Ikosifinissa in Drama.Greece).[4] The codex was taken after the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 from Ikosifinissa to western Europe.[9] It was brought by Franklin Gruber to Chicago.[10] Lake photographed the codex in 1902.[4]

Until 2016 the codex was located in the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, as a part of the Gruber Collection (Gruber Ms. 152).[5][3] In 2016, the LSTC decided to restitute it to the monastery.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Soden, von, Hermann (1902). Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte. 1. Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker. p. 104.
  2. ^ a b K. Aland; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 130.
  3. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1909). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 3. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 1145.
  5. ^ a b c d Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 77. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  7. ^ NA26, p. 27
  8. ^ UBS3, p. 290.
  9. ^ Like minuscules 1423, 1780.
  10. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration", Oxford University Press (New York - Oxford, 2005), p. 90-91.
  11. ^ Hyde Park seminary to return 9th century New Testament to Greek Orthodox Church, Chicago Tribune, November 15, 2016

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]